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the Vedas of Russ in 3 volumes
Modernization of Russia
Holy Russia - Third Rome
The new subject of international law, the State Holy Russia - Third Rome, 21.09.2013.
Nova Church of Holy Russia
Orthodoxy and Christianity require reforming and release of heresy and obscurantism. 21.09.2011.
The Seljuk Dynasty Origin New!!!
The author put forward a hypothesis according to which the Seljuk’s Sultans came from the Princes of the Russ – Rurikovich Kin, who eventually converted to Islam. The hypothesis was fully confirmed by the identification of the main historical figures of the Seljuk dynasty with the descendants of the Princes St. Vladimir and Yaroslav the Wise. We are talking about the rulers of Sultanate of Rum Sultan Suleiman and his descendants, as well as Tuqaq, Seljuk, Mikail, Israel, Toghrul, Alp Arslan and other Sultans. Princes and their sons from the Principality of Tmutarakan became Seljuk’s Sultans, from where they conquered the countries and peoples of the Caucasus, Iran, Asia Minor and Central Asia. 24.05–12.06.2023.
Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles
The author correctly synchronizes historical and religious Chronicles of the Ancient World based on a short chronology and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in the annals and Scriptures. The author believes that discrepancies in dates, geographical localities and ethnic origin of historical and religious figures are due to erroneous traditional chronology and historical geography, as well as the deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events to an established paradigm. 20.04–25.05.2020.
Astronomical dating of Biblical events
The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs and 1 Supernova. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs, including the Eclipse of Pharaoh Takelot on August 8, 891. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010, and the date of death of Ibrahim – the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal 546 AH). 20.02–31.03.2020.
Origin of the gens Rurik
After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, throne name Constantine Monomachos. 11.09–21.10.2019.
Chronology of monotheistic religions
The author identified the Patriarchs of monotheism with well-known figures of human history. He proved that the oldest religion of monotheism is Christianity, which had a theoretical character in the I Millennium (Old Testament Christianity) and a practical embodiment at the beginning of the II Millennium (New Testament Christianity). Islam and Judaism emerged only in the early VII century and became radical branches of Christianity. Based on the study of solar eclipses, the author has determined the date and place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (March 18, 1010 in Constantinople), the year of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (1152) and the period creation of the Quran (1130–1152). 01–27.08.2019.
Localization of Ancient Rome
The history of Ancient Rome is well studied, but hides a lot of inconsistencies and contradictions relating to the period of formation of the city and the expansion of the Romans into the world. We believe that the problems are caused by ignorance of the true localization of Ancient Rome in the Volga region on Akhtuba until the Fire on 64 and move city to location of Veii in Italy. The article also considers the aspects of ethnic origin of the peoples of the Latin League, Ancient Rome and Europe. The vector of expansion of Ancient Rome from the Volga region to the Europe coinciding with the migration flows of the Migration Period and the spread of PIE is substantiated. In addition the article considers the dynamics of growth and decline of the population of Ancient Rome in the localities from its inception to sunset and transformation. 23.06–16.07.2019.
Short chronology of Ancient Egypt
The history of Ancient Egypt generated in XIX century, every day finds out all greater discrepancy to modern realities both the newest archeological and tool data, including results of DNA researches of mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs. The chronology of Egypt as whole is considered well investigated and however it has been created for substantiation of an antiquity of Jewish people, instead of for scientific description of one of most ancient terrestrial civilizations. Author's reconstruction of chronology of Ancient Egypt has found out time shift at rate 1780 years in depth of centuries from true dating events. 1-16.06.2019.
Great Tartary or Slavic Empire
The next riddle of world historiography is solved. Present clause is devoted to history and modern condition of one of the most grandiose empires of terrestrial civilization – Great Tartary or Slavic Empires. 04–19.09.2017.
The European Aryans
In present clause the broad audience of the questions connected to probable Aryan origin of various European peoples is considered. Including aspects of possible an Aryan origin of Slavs and prospects of presence by these of special way to world around are considered. 25.02.2017 - 24.03.2017.
Summarizing of Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016)
Within the framework of carrying out Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016) on elections of Grand Prince of All Russia four Nominees have been put forward. The overwhelming majority of voices have been given for Nominee Grand Prince Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. Will of God and decision of participants of Assembly, Zemsky Sobor 2016 has elected lifelong Grand Prince of All Russia Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Grand Kubensky Rurikovich. 11.05.2016.
Yaroslavl’s Princes Rurikovich
In clause is described family tree of Grand Princes of Yaroslavl and their descendants, it is the senior branch of the Kin of Russ – Rurikovich, going back to Mstislav Great Monomachos. Kin of the Grand Princes of Yaroslavl have continued by Princes Grand Kubensky – Kubarev. 22.02.2016–11.03.2016.
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In clause the all truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is ignored Orthodox and Romanov’s historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ with « good intentions » opens without denominations. The kin of Russ - Rurikovich has created Orthodoxy and the Russian statehood, Russian people began to forget about it. Glory to Russ! 07-17.07.2015.
Brief chronology of religions
The report at XXX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.04.2015, Moscow, RosNoU. In the clause the final Chronological Tables of Ancient Egypt, Ancient and New Rome, Rome in Italy, Christianity, Islam and Judaism are submitted. 25.04.2015.
Canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century and the present time
The report at XXIX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20.12.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the comparative analysis of canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century (1315-1321), displayed on mosaics and frescos of Church of Chorus in Istanbul, and modern doctrines are made. Numerous differences of events of the Holy Legend and the Gospel of the past and the present are found out. 20.12.2014.
Ethnic threats to peoples of Russia
In clause political, economic, cultural and religious aspects of consequences of ethnic opposition of radical peoples of Russia and new coming Slavic population formed as result of violent Slavic expansion in Russia in days of the Mongolian yoke are considered. The historical reasons of occurrence of ethnic contradictions are investigated, estimations of modern condition of problem (Chechelevskaya and Lubotinskaya Republics in 1905, Donetsk national republic and Lugansk national republic in 2014 in territory of Ukraine) are given and offers on decrease in escalation of ethnic opposition in territory of Eurasia are made. 09.06 - 05.07.2014.
Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus
The report at XXVIII International Conference on problems of the Civilization is 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In clause it is described detailed attribution of Ugrian Tsars with Emperors of Ancient and New Rome and Patriarches of terrestrial civilization. It is scientifically proved origins of all patriarches of monotheism and Emperors Flavius and Lecapenus from kint of Ugrian Tsars of Russ (Great), is the ethnic Finn-Ugrian from Volga region. 23.03.2014 – 24.04.2014.
Putin's Eurasian impasse
Vladimir Putin and Uniform Russia realize the Eurasian project, involving Russia and Russian people during stagnation and backlogs from World Civilization. They create Gog and Magog Empire, menacing to world peace. Why the Kremlin authority has not asked Russian Slavs – they want to live in the Asian country or to be safe Europeans? 14-22.01.2014.
Projections of the God in symbols of religion
As result of studying the extensive visual material created by 3D modeling, we have proved existence of uniform source of an origin of Projections of the God, that is religious symbolic of people. The source or quantum object refers to the Chariot of the God. We believe that on the basis of our researches, it will be possible to organize training to travel on the Universe of space navigators from the most gifted people and to create spaceships with engines as the described quantum generator is Chariots of the God or the Chariot of Cube. 25–30.08.2013.
Origin and migration of Slavs
Historical and genetic routes of migrations of the Slavs, calculated with the help from ancient Byzantium, European, Chinese, Arabian, Bulgarian and Russian chronicles and annals, and also modern researches of man's DNA chromosomes. 01-21.05.2013.
Empires of cousins of Russ
The report at scientific XXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization 26-27.04.2013, Moscow, RosNoU. In article five world Empires of cousins of Russ (Great) existing in our era on open spaces of Eurasia with cyclicity of occurrence once in 300 years are described.
Hungarian Kingdom of Russ
It is continuation of research of dynastic communications of Rurikovich. Cousin of Rurik Almysh/Almos and his children Kazan/Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad, it is all ethnic Ugrian of Russ, have based at the end of IX century – beginning of X century the Hungarian kingdom of Russ, having grasped Great Moravia. 08-11.01.2013.
Reconstruction of dynastic communications of Rurikovich in IX-XI centuries
Report at anniversary scientific XXV International conference on problems of civilization at 21-22.12.2012, RosNoU, Moscow. Corrected at 03.01.2013.
Educated Christianity of Russ
Bible – the Old Testament and the New Testament has exhausted itself. Forged the Scripts and the Sacred Legend cannot serve more as a spiritual reference point for promotion of mankind forward on the river of time. It is allowable to use only spiritual – moral potential of the ancient products being product of national creativity of Jews and Catholics, instead of divine revelations. The chronology of Bible events, an ethnic accessory of patriarchs of mankind, names, geography and original languages of heroes of the Bible do not correspond to the validity. Bible miracles have the quantum nature in the basis and submit to laws of a universe. Educated Christianity of Russ restore the religious both destroyed obscurantists religious and scientific knowledge of Christianity and revolutionary role of religion in history of civilization. 26.08. – 12.10.2012.
True Empty Tomb
Nova Church of Sacred Russia and Sacred Russ, Princes of Russia congratulates mankind on presence of True Empty Tomb and restoration of the religious and historical truth. The true has triumphed forever. 20-29.05.2012.
Orthodoxy and Islam in Old Russia
The report at XXIV International scientific conference on problems of the Civilization in Russian New University on April 20-21, 2012.
Day of Church Slavonic writing. Russ Cyril and Methodius.
In this significant holiday of Day of Church Slavonic writing and remembering Equal Apostles Sacred Cyril and Methodius, Princes of Russ convincingly ask Russian Orthodox Church and the public of the orthodox countries to return to sources and correctly to name the writing, language and church books Russian, but not Slavic. Ancient Russia was the Finno-Ugric state created by Russ Christians Rurik and Igor, Cyril and Methodius, Askold and Dir, Prophetic Oleg and Sacred Olga, Sacred Vladimir and Empress Anna Macedonian.
Wars of Russ in IX-XI centuries
In article on a rich actual material it is shown, that all wars of Russ with Byzantium in 836-1043 have been connected to deduction of a throne of empire by Russian party of Constantinople headed by the Macedonian dynasty of Russ. To the author it is proved, that two centuries co-emperors of New Rome were Great Princes Rurikovich. Last Russian emperor Jaroslav Mudry known in Tsar Grad as Constantine Monomakh was. The report at scientific XXII International conference on problems of the Civilization 22-23.04.2011, Moscow, RosNoU.
Genetic distances between cousins Rurikovich
The report at scientific XXII International Conference on problems of the Civilization, on April 22-23, 2011, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. 24.04.2011.
Slavic-Mongolian invasion to Russia
Results of our research of an origin of Slavs have not simply scientific, but political value. In view of the received data it is necessary to form the weighed policy of interethnic and inter religious attitudes in Russia and the world. The modern hobby of Russian Slavs Rodoverie, the Aries origin and the contemptuous attitude to inhabitants of Central Asia, Caucasus, Mongolia, China and other regions of the world bears a system and logic mistake. Rodoverie in general it is senseless, in fact ancestors Rodoverian in Russia and Ukraine have left Central Asia and were Kirghiz, Altaian’s, Tajik’s, Pashtun’s, Uyghur’s and Juan-Juan, and completely not blond demigods. 12-18.03.2011.
Old Rome and Italic union of the Volga region
The scientific article on an extensive historical material proves that Ancient Rome has been created by Finno-Ugric tribe’s of Italic union of the Volga region (Idel, Bulgar). Italic peoples Vestini (Vesi), Marsi (Merya), Lucani (Lucane), Marrucini (Marri) and others till now live on Volga. Finno-Ugric named Latinas (Latinyanami) German peoples of the Volga region, differently Altyn-ami that means Gold literally. Fortress Alba Longo was called Altynbash, and Volga region Rome – Ulak-Urum. Southwest capital of Finno-Ugric of Idel was city Phanagoria or the Finn–Ugoria, being in antiquities capital Bosporus Empire and Great Bulgaria was. The web of lies of the western falsifiers of history how many would not be twisted, but to it all the same there comes the end. 10-21.02.2011.
We have proved fidelity Bulgarian theory of an origin of mankind. She proves to be true a natural vector of moving of people on a planet from the Volga region in all parties of Eurasia, and there from to Africa, Australia and America. All peoples and races of the world have taken place from Hindi-European, namely – from ethnic Finno-Ugric. 01-07.02.2011.
Correct DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology
Scientific article of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev on DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology is submitted to your attention. The author has created formulas with which help it is possible to define precisely time of life of the general ancestor and an epoch of formation of various languages. These formulas have received the name of Kubarev’s formula. With the help of mathematical calculations, Valeriy Kubarev has proved fidelity Barrow of Hypothesis of Maria Gimbutas and own reconstruction of a history of the world. We hope that results of research will find wide application in DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology. 04-14.01.2011.
Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia
The report of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization 25.12.2010. Valeriy Kubarev's scientific article describes genetics of Rurikovich and Sorts of Russia. Grand Prince has scientifically defined modal haplotype of Rurik, Gedimin, Russ Aydar, Kubrat, Flavius and has theoretically described modal haplotype of Alexander Great, Jesus Christ Zlatoust, Prophet Mohammed and Genghis Khan. All these well-known people ethnically Finno-Ugrian from the Sort of Russ. 25.12.2010.
What do we celebrate on November 4? Loss of the national sovereignty...
National voting or voting of national representatives is unacceptable for elections of Tsar and Grand Duke, in fact tsar from the God, and the voice of people is not a voice Divine. Elections of Grand Duke only voting of Princes – patrimonial aristocracy of Russia are possible. 08-21.11.2010.
Turn of the Earth promptly comes nearer
This is article with the analysis of abnormal geophysical and climatic activity on a planet. 09-12.09.2010.
Baltavar – a symbol of Christianity, an Islam and Judaism
Petrarca: « When people will address to the history, his greatness come to live »
History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012
Kubarev V.V.'s report, History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012.
Section «Civilization aspects of the Russian history and chronology».
Tenth International scientific conference «Civilization of knowledge: global crisis and an innovative choice of Russia», Moscow, April 24-25, 2009, RosNOU.
Whose fault is it?
The Catechon Paradigm as an instrument of the Antichrist New!!!
In the article, the author examines the current state of the catechon paradigm and the practice of using the provisions of the concept in the political and public life of the Russian Federation. According to the author, the idea of the catechon in Russia was intercepted by the forces of evil and used as a screen to cover their deeds. Today, the catechon paradigm has become an instrument of the Antichrist and his adherents to gain world domination. The only resource for Lucifer’s conquest of the world is sinful people whom he can attract under his banners. As successful as his deception and seduction will be, so strong and numerous will be the army of Satan. 05–17.12.2022.
Impairment of Orthodoxy New!!!
In the article, the author has carried out a retrospective analysis of the events and processes that led to the impairment and transformation of the canons of Orthodoxy and the patristic tradition of Russian Christianity. Prohibitions and reliance on the good intentions of opportunists within the body of the church led to a natural distortion of the teaching. As a result, the Orthodox Church became vulnerable to the pressure of Lucifer's lies and deception and ceased to be a source of life. 30.09–25.11.2022.
Features of Christianity in Cappadocia New!!!
The usual facts for Cappadocia were the proximity of male and female Monasteries and their communication. The plots and frescoes of the Churches were created no earlier than the first quarter of the XI century. The isomorphic images of St. George, Theodore Stratelates and Theodore Tiron have come down to us. According to the author, St. George became a collective image of the Saints Constantine the Great and the two Theodores. The fresco of the Serpent Church depicts Onuphrius the Great as a hermaphrodite, which the Church is trying to forget. On the face of the purposeful distortion by Christianity of the Holy Tradition, led by the Holy Spirit, and the removal from the original sources. 05–28.08.2022.
Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
Dancing on bones (people losses of USSR in SWW)
We have found out the facts of direct falsification of human losses of military men and civil persons of the USSR within the Second World War in some millions person. Forgery is caused by activity of the propaganda machine of the USSR and false understanding of patriotism in modern Russia. By our calculations true irrevocable losses of the population of the USSR within the SWW make 7.6–8.7 million persons from among military men and the general losses with civil people 12.8–13.9 million persons. Have run away from Stalin paradise of USSR is hundred thousand (up to 1.3 million) the persons. We believe that the name of each victim of war should be taken into account and sounded publicly. 04–18.05.2019.
Expansion of Rome from Volga region
The report at XXXIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 24.12.2016, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the extensive information on resettlement of peoples to Europe through ports of Bosporan Kingdom and Bosporus to the Mediterranean from the Volga region, Siberia and Caucasus during existence of Ancient Rome in delta of the rivers Volga and Akhtuba since VI century B.C. up to middle of VI century is submitted. 24.12.2016.
Seleucus and tribal leaders of Rome
The report at scientific XXXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization has acted on December 26, 2015, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. In the report the hypothesis that "Macedonian" gains of IV century B.C. actually are the first wave of expansion of Ancient Rome and resettlement of peoples on South, East and West from territory of the Volga region and Caucasus is put forward and proved. 26.12.2015.
Picturesque Gospel of Church of Chora (Kariye) in Istanbul
Research of artifacts of Church of the Christ Savior in Chora (Church of Chorus, XIV century, Istanbul) has allowed restoring overlooked nuances of ancient doctrines of Byzantium Orthodoxy. The numerous facts of distortion Holy Book and Holy Legend have been found out at formation of modern Christian canons which at all are not an inviolable reality from above, and there is product of human creativity. 15.09–08.10.2014.
Images ancient Romans from Volga in artefacts
Long millennia in Idel-Rome-Memphis-Mitsraim-Itil-Saray-Batu lived from 600 000 up to one million person. Ruins of city are grandiose pantry of a history, culture and religion. Masonic scientists diligently avoid carrying out there scale excavation. In those places prospers only black selector of treasures. How long it is possible to hide to world elite of impostors true from people? 20-22.04.2010.
What to do?
Sixth and other questions New!!!
Why doesn't the ROC want to stop the war? 14.02.2022.
Five questions to the ROC New!!!
The first question: What is the data of the Birth of Christ now?
The second question: When and where was Jesus Christ crucified?
The third question: When will the Apocalypse begin?
Fourth question: Why Tartarus and the Kingdom of The Beast located in Russia?
The fifth question: When did Vladimir Putin become the receptacle of the Beast? 24-27.01.2022.
The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran
Based on an independent analysis of artifacts, ancestral tree and astronomical phenomena related to the deeds, life and death of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as historical evidence of the first appearance and legal use of the Quran in the life of Muslims, the author drew conclusions about the integration of several historical figures of the VII and XII centuries into the personality of the Prophet Muhammad. They became Khagan Kubrat, aka Emperor Heraclius, the Arabian Prophet or Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphs and the true Prophet Muhammad, who lived in 1090–1052. The Quran was created in 1130–1152. The proposed interpretation does not undermine the canons of the faith of Islam, but establishes the truth. 11–30.11.2021.
Syncing the chronicles of Rome and Egypt
Based on a thorough analysis of details of military campaigns and astronomical phenomena from the chronicles of Ancient and New Rome, Ancient Egypt and Persian sources, the author confirmed the chronological shift in the history of Ancient Egypt by 1780 years in the past. The author also revealed the complot of historians to conceal the existence of Ancient Egypt in I millennium by masking the deeds of the Egyptian Pharaohs of the New Kingdom for the non-existent activity of the Kings of the Sasanian Empire. 06–29.03.2021.
The identification of the Patriarchs with historical figures
The author correctly identifies the Patriarchs of monotheistic religions with historical figures of the past based on the paradigm of a short chronology of the world and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in Chronicles and Scriptural. The identification of the Patriarchs is based on the analysis of data from the genealogical trees of Jesus Christ from Lucas, Matthew, mosaics of the Church of Chora, the genealogical tree of the Prophet Muhammad and lists of the Kings of the Great Bulgaria. 21.07–27.08.2020.
We have found out and have proved that at everyone men are two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors he has only one pair pure relatives – the forefather and the foremother. All other ancestors are the listed relatives. We also have proved that each woman has two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors it has only one pair foremothers. On the basis of research we confirm De Facto firmness of the absolute law of succession is rule Lex Salica of Pure Relationship. 05.08 – 03.09.2014.
To be continued...
Thoughts aloud: Religion
Thoughts aloud: Politics
Thoughts aloud: Advice
To be continued...
|Valery KUBAREV > What to do? > The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran
The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran
Kubarev V.V., The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran, EESA #11 (75) 2021, Part. 6, pp. 4–17. Link: https://archive.eesa-journal.com/index.php/eesa/issue/view/54/101
Summary: Based on an independent analysis of artifacts, ancestral tree and astronomical phenomena related to the deeds, life and death of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as historical evidence of the first appearance and legal use of the Quran in the life of Muslims, the author drew conclusions about the integration of several historical figures of the VII and XII centuries into the personality of the Prophet Muhammad. They became Khagan Kubrat, aka Emperor Heraclius, the Arabian Prophet or Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphs and the true Prophet Muhammad, who lived in 1090–1052. The Quran was created in 1130–1152. The proposed interpretation does not undermine the canons of the faith of Islam, but establishes the truth. Keywords: Prophet Muhammad, Quran, Green Dome, Mecca, Medina, Rashidun Caliphs, Egypt, Pharaohs, Ramesses, Arab coins, chronology of religions, Kubrat, Heraclius, King David, King Solomon, Flavius, Bulgar.
Statement of problem: Traditional historiography, when dating the time of the Prophet Muhammad's life and the creation of the Quran, relies on established norms, as well as on the dubious linking of the day of the Prophet's son death with a partial Solar Eclipse on January 27, 632 in the South of Arabia. However, it is known that the Quran in its modern form appeared in the middle of the XII century, as well as the Green Dome over the grave of the Prophet in Medina.
The analysis of the last of research and publications: Modern publications in classical publications rely on Muslim authors, without questioning established norms. However, it has long been known that there are no artifacts in Palestine older than I century. The author's research has revealed a chronological shift in the history of Egypt by 1780 years, proving the presence in Egypt of the power of the Pharaohs Ramesses during the life of the Prophet Muhammad, about which there is no information in the Quran. The author also established an exact correlation of the ancestral tree of the Bulgarian and Pannonian Avar Kings, as well as the Emperors of New Rome, with the ancestral tree of the Prophet Muhammad.
Allocation unresolved before parts of the general problem: It is necessary to make an independent study and analysis of significant historical artifacts, including their dating, astronomical phenomena and ancestral ties associated with the Prophet Muhammad and the creation of the Quran, in the outline of the author's paradigm of the chronology of religions and the general history of mankind.
The purpose of clause: Substantiation of the author's paradigm of the chronology of religions and the hypothesis of the formation on the basis of the deeds of several historical figures of the personality of the Prophet Muhammad, who created the Quran in the middle of the XII century.
The basic material: In his works, the author adheres to the paradigm of the emergence of human civilization in the Volga region about 5500 years ago, put forward by Marija Gimbutas. Author justified a short chronology of Biblical events and monotheistic religions by identifying Patriarchs with historical figures and dating biblical astronomical phenomena [1–4]. In particular, the canonical family tree of the Prophet Muhammad  and the data of the Quran  were used for reconstruction. The author found a correlation between the ancestors of Prophet Muhammad and Kings of Bulgar, Avar and New Rome.
It should be noted that the author's study of the dates and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as the creation of the Quran, in no way aims to detract from the importance of Islam and the greatness of the Ambassador of Allah to Muslims.
The data of the family tree of the Prophet Muhammad , taking into account the genealogy of the Ugric Kings (Bulgars, Avars) and the mosaics of the Chora Church (Constantinople), we will summarize in Table No. 1 to the tribe of Lu’ayy, aka Prince Vladimir and Ka’b.
It should be noted that the Bulgarian name of Prince Vladimir was Kubar, i.e. the Head of God or the God of the Sun volume I, p. 52 . In the ancestral tree of the Prophet Muhammad, the Ka’b (Cube) follows Lu’ayy (Vladimir), so the author believes that there is a split personality into two generations of the ancestors of the Prophet Muhammad.
The author in his works put forward and substantiated the hypothesis that all the Patriarchs of mankind are ethnic Ugrians (Haplogroup N1) from the Flavian–Russ family and originate from the Volga region and the Southern Urals, and not from the Middle East. The family of the King of Kings ruled for millennia in the expanses of Eurasia, giving mankind, from time to time, religious leaders, including the Lord Savior Jesus Christ and the Prophet Muhammad . The Quraysh was Ugyr Urus Aidar, who was also baptized Leo, who converted to Islam in adulthood and is known to Muslims as An–Nadr (Ai–dar). Therefore, the well–established opinion that the Prophet Muhammad could have appeared in a family of nomads of Arabian Desert is untenable. Muslims attribute Muhammad to the descendants of Patriarch Ismail, identified by the author with the Constantius Chlorus, whose children are known and none of them remained to live in the Middle East.
After analyzing all available data, the author put forward an alternative hypothesis that the ancestor of the Prophet Muhammad named Murrah, the son of Ka’b, aka Lu’ayy, could be Prince Yaroslav the Wise (Mudriy) of Russ (978–1054). In this case, the nickname "Wise/Mudriy" could be transformed into the Arabic name Murrah. Then Yaroslav's eldest son named Ilya became known as Kilab, who disappeared from the chronicles of Russia after 1020, p. 161 :
"And Yaroslav's son Ilya was born, and put in Novogorod, and die. And then get angry Yaroslav to Kosnyatin, and imprison him; and put your son Volodimir in Novogorod"
According to the author, Ilya (1000–?) converted to Islam and moved to Central Asia, where he founded the Seljuk Empire. In history, he is known as Tughril Beg (990?–1063) or literally Falcon–Prince, or Dawud Chaghri Beg (989–1060), also literally Falcon, which indicates that both belong to Russ and Rurikovich, whose coat of arms and totem was a Falcon. In addition, the territory of the Oghuz Yabgu State was part of the United Bulgaria, so representatives of the Russ family or the Saklan Dynasty, ethnic Ugrians (Haplogroup N1), descendants of the Quraysh Khagan Urus Ugyr Aidar or the Great Horseman Igor, the father of Djilki and Rurik, could rule there.
In the history of the Seljuks , the father of the Falcons – Tughril Beg and Dawud Chaghri Beg – was called Mikail/Mikhail, that is one of the names of Ilya's father was Mikhail, he is Yaroslav the Wise, and his grandfather was the first Seljuk that is Grand Prince Vladimir.
The successor of the Falcons was Alp Arslan or the Bold Lion (1030–1072), whose name echoes the Bulgarian name of Prince Yaroslav – Ar–Aslap . In addition, one of the three Monomachos hats pp. 107–108  was presented by the tsar of Volga Bulgaria Ibrahim to Prince Yaroslav and got to Prince Vsevolod, and the second Khan's hat was presented to the Sultan of the Seljuks Mahmud. Both facts indirectly confirm the connection of the Seljuks with the Rurikovich.
The genealogy of the Seljuks is legendary in order to hide the true origin of the Khans. According to the legends of the Seljuks , the first Seljuq "according to some sources" served the Khazar Khaganate. At the same time, the fact of the service of the father of a Seljuk named Tuqaq/Duqaq was not questioned was a Voivode of the Khazar Khagan. Yaroslav the Wise's father was Vladimir, with the Bulgarian name Kubar – Beg and the Voivode of the Khazar Khaganate, who surrendered Itil to his uncle and adoptive father Prince Svyatoslav [7, 10].
According to the historical chronicles of Russia, several sons and grandsons of Yaroslav the Wise "disappeared" from Russian historiography. We are talking about Ilya, Igor and Vyacheslav. At the same time, Igor and his children visited the Tmutarakan Principality in the North Caucasus then their fate was covered with darkness. Igor's sons, David and Vsevolod, were declared rogue Princes  and did not inherit their father. Note that the author's hypothesis about the origin of the Seljuks needs further research.
The updated data of the family tree of the Prophet Muhammad , taking into account two versions of the tree of the Ugric Kings (Bulgars, Avars, Seljuks), will be summarized in the Table No. 2 from the tribe of Lu’ayy/Ka’b, aka Vladimir, and before Muhammad.
Let us turn to the information about the Prophetic movement in Arabia in the first third of the VII century. Then there were several bright preachers of monotheism, whom others considered to be false Prophets. We are talking about Al–Aswad al–Ansi (?–632), who died a few days allegedly before the death of the true Prophet Muhammad; Musaliymah al–Kazzab (?–632/634); a woman Sajah bint Al–Harith (VII century); Tulayha ibn Khuwaylid ibn Nawfal al–Asadi (?–642) and Saf ibn Sayyad (VII century).
Traditionally, historians consider the Prophet Muhammad's lifetime to be 570–632. The year of the Prophet's death was determined relatively recently by the time of the death of the youngest son Ibrahim, allegedly on January 27 (28 Shawwal) 632 . The annular eclipse of the 99th Saros lasted 1 min 40 seconds with a maximum over India at 06:45 UT or 12:15 local time and was nondescript. The width of the shadow was narrow – only 78 km and it moved along the tip of Arabia 1100 km south of Medina at sunrise around 7:30 a.m. local time. The chronicles did not mention that the eclipse was partial. The Prophet died four months after this event. At the same time, information about the Prophet Muhammad is contained in the Chronicle of Theophanes for the year 621/630 . According to the author, the paragraph about the death of the "Mughamed leader and false Prophet of Saracen" is a late insertion and forgery, stylistically and meaningfully inconsistent with the rest of the chronicle articles.
Theophanes makes the first mention of Omar (Umar ibn al–Khattab), the leader of the Saracens, only in 625/634 and subsequent years until 637/646 , the year of his death. The difference in the dates of Muhammad's death and Umar's coming to power is four years, not the traditional two. There is also no connection between the coming to power of Abubahar (Abu Bakr al–Siddiq) in 634, who ruled for less than two years, and the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 630/632. The author believes that the insertion of the biography of the real Prophet Muhammad into the history of the Rashidun Caliphs is artificial and was done no earlier than the XII century. Next, consider other arguments.
It is a well–known fact that the first Muslim Ummah moved from Mecca to Yathrib, the future Medina, on July 14–16, 622. At this move, the Prophet Muhammad himself was not there, he allegedly joined them later apparently on September 24, 622 . But the future Rashidun Caliphs participated in the resettlement, and Abu Bakr hid in a cave for three days, allegedly with Muhammad. However, the Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al–Khattab introduced a new Hegira chronology in 637. Therefore, there is no direct connection between Muhammad and the Hegira. The Rashidun Caliphs were the leaders of the Muslim Ummah Abu Bakr al–Siddiq (632–634), Umar ibn al–Khattab (634–644), Uthman ibn Affan (644–656) and Ali ibn Abi Talib (656–661).
The author believes that in fact the name Muhammad was a nickname, not a name given at birth. Therefore, it is still difficult to consider which of the preachers in VII century Arabia became the prototype of the Prophet. It is really impossible to confirm the established Islamic mythology with artifacts and documents. Most likely, the first Muslims believed in the coming of their Prophet, as Christians believed in the coming of the Savior, who was called Muhammad. As part of these expectations, children began to be given appropriate names, after which rulers and preachers with the name Muhammad began to appear.
The Shahada of Islam includes the words "Muhammad is the Messenger (Ambassador) Allah", but does not give any information about the time and place of the Prophet's life.
There was also an opinion, which was recently revised under pressure from Muslims to assert the authority of Islam that the Quran was given to Muhammad during his lifetime and was transmitted orally by believers to each other for more than 300 years, after which it was recorded in the form of a book.
The next important argument against the appearance of the Prophet Muhammad and the Quran in the VII century is the Muslim coins, which entered circulation only at the beginning of the VIII century in the Umayyad Caliphate, which used Byzantine money. Before that, the Rashidun Caliphate had no coins of its own, as well as the symbols of the faith of Islam on them. At the same time, the Umayyad coins had images of rulers and the inscription of the Shahada "I bear witness that there is no deity but God."
Over time, "non–canonical" coins were either withdrawn from circulation or re–minted with the correct inscriptions, so the obverse was worn out, and the reverses were obtained with little damage to the surface.
The author believes that the Shahada with the name of Muhammad appeared on coins only in the Abbasid caliphate after 775, when Caliph Muhammad al–Mahdi (744–785) came to power, then al–Amin (787–813), there were 7 different Caliphs with the name Muhammad. Apparently, all Muslim rulers wrote their names on coins, being called messengers of Allah for the period of their reign, until the real Prophet Muhammad was born, and the coinage was ordered by canons.
In addition, if the Quran appeared in the VII century and was a strict standard for believers and caliphs, then where did the discrepancies in the writing of quotations from the Quran on coins come from? As an example, consider the dirham of Caliph Harum al–Rashid (Figure No. 1), minted in 803 or 804 . The coin bears the inscription "There is no God but Allah Alone and there is no companion for Him", as well as the inscription "Muhammad the Messenger of Allah sent him with the instruction and confession of truth in order to exalt it above other faiths, even if it was abominable to the pagans."
We can easily find the differences between this phrase and a quote from the Quran : "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, he sent him with guidance and the true religion so that he would exalt it above all religions."
Figure No.1. Dirham of Caliph Harum al–Rashid minted in 803 or 804.
According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad is the final Prophet before the end of the world and he came into the world after the appearance of Jesus Christ.
Let us pay attention to the frequency of mentioning in the Quran  the names of all the Prophets and the Savior. The name Muhammad is used in the Quran only five times (3:144, 145, 33:40, 47:2, 48:29) and once as Ahmad (61:6). The forefather Adam is mentioned 25 times in the Quran, Nuh/Noah – 43 times, Ibrahim/ Abraham – 69 times, Musa / Moses – 136 times, Davud/King David – 17 times (17:53–55, 2:249–251, 21:78–82), like Sulaiman/King Solomon (27:15–44, 38:30–40, 34:12–18), and the Prophet Yahya/ John the Baptist – 5 times (3:38–41, 6:85, 19:7–15).
At the same time, the only woman mentioned in the Quran is Maryam Bint Imran/ Virgin Mary, Surah No. 19 is dedicated to her. Total mentions of Mary 7 times (3:36, 37, 3:42–45, 4:156, 19:16, 19:28, 21:91). Jesus Christ is explicitly mentioned 25 times (2:87, 2:136, 2:253, 3:45, 3:52,3:55, 3:59, 3:84,
4:157, 4:163, 4:171, 5:46, 5:78, 5:110, 5:112, 5:114, 5:116, 6:85,19:34, 33:7,
42: 3, 43:63, 57:27, 61:6, 61:14), and directly or indirectly – 187 times.
It is implied that all the above–mentioned figures of monotheistic religions lived before the birth of Muhammad, so they are known to the author of the Quran, and vice versa, if they lived after the birth of the Prophet, then he could not know them.
In addition, the author proved that the Pharaohs Ramesses were contemporaries of the Prophet Muhammad , and the Rashidun Caliphs conquered Egypt, but there is not a single word about the Pharaohs in the Quran.
It should be noted that the Talmud began to be written in the first half of the VII century and was completed in a couple of hundred years. There is no mention of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary in the Holy Book of the Jews. At the same time, there are references to parables and stories about David and Solomon – contemporaries of the authors of the Talmud.
According to recent studies [1–4], King David is identified with Emperor Heraclius I (575–641), also known as Khagan Kubrat, who should be a contemporary of the Prophet Muhammad. During his lifetime, he was recognized as a Prophet and received the Title King David in 629 . Heraclius/Kubrat / King David spent many years in the Middle East in continuous wars with the Persians and Arabs. Without any doubt, his personality served the Arabs as an example of a preacher of the religion of monotheism. According to the author's hypothesis, the personality of Kubrat served as a prototype of the Prophet Muhammad and integrated into a single personality of the Prophet, separated into the VII and XII centuries. Whether Kubrat was the author of the Creed of Islam, we do not yet know. Perhaps one of the prototypes of the Prophet Muhammad was one of the Rashidun Caliphs. Thus, in Muslim mythology, two or three historical figures were integrated into one person.
The next Prophet of monotheism is Solomon, whom the author identifies with Emperor Justinian Rhinotmetus and Khagan Sulabi [1–4], as well as Caliph Sulayman, who lived in the VII–VIII centuries. Therefore, the traditional Muhammad and the Quran could not have known this Prophet.
The penultimate Prophet of Christianity is considered John the Baptist or Yahya in the Muslim tradition. Grave of John is located in the Chapel of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, erected no earlier than the VIII century, and the Chapel itself with the grave appeared only in the XI century and was completed inside the main hall of the Mosque. It is logical to assume that John died at the beginning of the XI century. According to the author's reconstruction, he lived in 979–1010.
The Virgin Mary or Maryam Bint Imran is respected in Islam and is mentioned many times in the Quran. However, when studying the texts of the Creed of Christians before the XI century, we do not find the name of the Virgin in it. This concerns the ancient text of the Nicene Creed (without subsequent corrections), the Athanasius Creed (Athanasius of Alexandria, 295–378) and the Creed adopted at the baptism of St. Vladimir 6496 (988) . According to author's reconstruction of history [1–4], the Virgin Mary Vladimirovna lived in the 961–1060 and was buried in the limit of John the Baptist in the Cathedral of the Dormition in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra. Her spiritual father Joachim, aka Imran in Islam, he is also Bishop of Chersonesus and Archbishop of Novgorod, died in the XI century and currently rests in the Cathedral of St. Sophia of Great Novgorod.
Jesus Christ lived a long life (980–1010–1054) [1–4], circumnavigated the whole Earth, visited the Middle East many times. After birth, he was recognized as the Amir of Mecca (Isa ibn Jafar, Amir of Mecca, 980–994). He was crucified on Mount Beykoz (Adam's Head) in the Asian part of the Bosphorus/Pontus Galaticus on March 18, 1010, resurrected on the day of the vernal equinox on March 20, 1010. At the moment of the crucifixion, an annular eclipse occurred, lasting 4 minutes 36 seconds at 15:33 UT or 18:33 Constantinople time at sunset, the 94th Saros. Jesus died of old age in China in the city of Qufu at the end of May or July 1054 (XI century). It is most likely that the Prophet Muhammad (1090–1152) is a direct descendant of Jesus Christ in the male line.
An important confirmation of the author's version of the genealogy of the Prophet Muhammad is the complete identification of Hashim's great–grandfather with a real historical figure – Abu Hashim Muhammad ibn Jafar, Amir of Mecca (1069–1094). It is believed that the great–grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad was the Amir of Mecca and took care of the pilgrims in the Kaaba, but there is no data on the institute of Emirs in Mecca for the VI century. At the same time, it is known that the grave and mausoleum of Hashim/Amr is located in the Sayed al–Hashim Mosque in Gaza, built in the XII century. Why was the mausoleum and Mosque erected 600 years after Hashim's death, and how could the grave have survived?
The author proved  that the Quran in the form of Holy Book appeared only in the 1160s, when the custom of swearing on the Quran arose. The first oath on the Quran was recorded in 1178 in Volga Bulgaria, volume III, page 59 . At the same time, in the Chronicles of Volga Bulgaria there is no mention of the Prophet Muhammad and the Quran earlier than 1178, and Islam became the religion of the Bulgars from the VIII–IX centuries. The first treatise on the benefits of swearing on the Quran was written by ibn Qudamh al–Maqdisi in the 1170s .
According to the author's reconstruction, the Prophet Muhammad lived in 1090–1152 and created the Quran in 1130–1152. However, since the advent of Islam in the VII century, theologians have made numerous attempts to write a Holy Book of Muslims. For the most part, they stayed in Damascus, cultural and theological center of the Middle East. There, separate Ayah and Surah were created, which were included in the Quran in the edition of the Prophet Muhammad.
If the biography of the Prophet Muhammad is generally correct, then the death of his son Ibrahim could have been accompanied by an eclipse of the sun on February 7 (28 Shawwal) 1152 of the annular type (A) with a phase of 0.924, at 11:15 UT (14:15 local time), lasting 9:18 minutes, with a shadow width of 288 km (107th Saros). The Shadow of the Moon (Figure No.2) passed through Mecca and Medina [1, 2]. The Prophet Muhammad died four months after this sad event.
Figure No.2. Solar eclipse annual type 07.02.1152, 107th Saros.
According to traditional history, the grave of the Prophet has been without proper honor for more than 500 years. It is located in the Medina in the Al–Masjid an–Nabawi Mosque under the Green Dome. It is known that the burial was arranged in the XII century, and the Green Dome was built in 1279 and rebuilt in the XV century after a fire. In 1837 the dome was painted green .
It is logical to assume that the Prophet Muhammad was buried in the second half of the XII century near the graves of the Rashidun Caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al–Khattab, where a protective structure appeared to restrict the access of believers, and then they built a Green Dome. The structure of the burial of the Rashidun Caliphs and the Prophet Muhammad suggests that the Caliphs were first buried (in the center lies Abu Bakr), and then the Prophet Muhammad.
In conclusion, we note that the Arabic mythology associated with the genealogy of the Prophet Muhammad is borrowed. Many figures of early Islam and rulers of the Middle East tried to justify their kinship with the Quraysh kin, supposedly an ancient tribe of Arabia. However, in fact, Quraysh/An–Nadr is identified by us with Urus Ugyr Aidar, the Head of the Khaganate of Russ. As a child, he was baptized with the name Leo, as the son of Emperor Constantine VI the Blind, but then renounced Christianity and converted to Islam.
Burial place: Prophet - 1, Abu Bakr - 2 and Umar ibn al-Khattab - 3.
The nickname Quraysh comes from the name of Kuri (Buri) is the Finno–Ugric and Bulgar deity of the moon, hunting, military valor, victory and glory, volume II, p. 60 . The K(Q)uri took the form of a wolf or a leopard. The Bulgars were named after him, as part of the ancient Roman people. The first ancient Quraish among people was Romulus, the founder of Rome . According to legend, Romulus was deified after his death and became known as Quiri(nus). An–Nadr/Urus Ugyr Aidar was a direct descendant of Romulus–Kuri–Quirin and was nicknamed in honor of his forefather. Accordingly, the Quraysh and the Prophet Muhammad were ethnic Ugrians, Haplogroup N1. The Semitic and Arab tribes of Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East are not directly related to the family of the King of Kings and the family of Quraysh. They have formed a false mythology to justify their power and authority in the Muslim world.
To confirm or refute the author's reconstruction of history, it is necessary to test the DNA of the remains of the Prophet Muhammad and his sons, as well as to perform a DNA study of the rulers and clans of Arabia and the Middle East for compliance with their Ugric Haplogroup N1.
Conclusions of our research: According to the author, the historiography of Islam and the dating of the life of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as the dating of the creation of the Quran, are mythological, not factual. The preserved graves, structures and artifacts associated with the Prophet Muhammad actually date back to the XII–XIII centuries. The study of the relationship between the ancestral tree of the Prophet and the time of life and burial of the last Prophets of Christianity shows that Prophet Muhammad belongs to the Kin of Russ and the Ugric Kings, Haplogroup N1. To confirm or refute the author's hypothesis, it is necessary to conduct thorough DNA testing of remains and artifacts related to the Prophet Muhammad and his relatives.
Pr. Dr. Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. 11–30.11.2021.
1. Kubarev V.V., Chronology of monotheistic religions, EESA #8 (48) 2019, Part. 6, pp. 31–67. Link: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_august_part6.pdf
2. Kubarev V.V., Astronomical dating of Biblical events, EESA #3 (55) 2020, Part. 2, pp. 24–35: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_3_55_march_2020_part_2.pdf
3. Kubarev V.V., Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles, East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #5 (57), 2020 part 5. pp. 21–30. Link: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_5_57_May_2020_part_5.pdf
4. Kubarev V.V., The identification of the Patriarchs this historical figures, East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #8 (60), 2020 part 1. pp. 20–32. Link: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_8_60_august_2020_part_1.pdf
; Кубарев В.В., Отождествление патриархов с историческими фигурами, Евразийский Союз Ученых (ЕСУ) # 8(77), 2020, 4 часть, стр. 11–23. DOI: 10.31618/ESU.2413-9335.2020.4.77.982. Ссылка:
5. Ибн Хишам «Рассказанное со слов аль-Баккаи, со слов Ибн Исхака аль-Мутталиба» (утверждается, что это первая половина VIII века). Перевод с арабского языка Я. А. Гайнуллина 2002, Издательский дом «УММА», 2003.
6. Коран/ Quran.
7. Бахши Иман, Джагфар Тарыхи (Летописи Джагфара) Гази–Барадж Тарыхи (Летопись Гази–Бараджа), I – III том. Бахши Иман. Джагфар Тарихы. Свод булгарских летописей 1680 г. / Изд. подготовлено Ф. Г.-Х. Нурутдиновым. Оренбург: Редакция Вестника Болгария, 1993.
8. Новгородская первая летопись старшего и младшего изводов. — М.—Л.: Издательство Академии Наук СССР, 1950. — 659 с.
9. Рыжов К. В. Сельджуки // Все монархи мира. Мусульманский Восток. VII—XV вв. — М. : Вече, 2004.
10. Кубарев В.В., Происхождение рода Рюрика, East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #10 (50), 2019 part 9. Стр. 9–39. Ссылка: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_1050_oct_2019_part_9.pdf
11. «Полн. собр. русск. лет.» (I, 87, 88, 104, 109–117, 127; II, 3, 276, 282–285, 289; III, 4; V, 148, 150–154; VII, 8, 12–18, 21, 22).
12. Хроника Феофана/The Chronicle of Theophanes.
13. К. Королев. Ислам классический: Энциклопедия. — МИДГАРД. 2005. С. 167.
14. Александр Владимирович Шаров, Краткая справка по надписям на дирхеме, Институт языкознания РАН, Москва, 10–15 декабря 2019 года.
15. Chronicon Paschale / Ed. L. Dindorfius. — Bonn, 1832. — Bd. 1—2.
16. The Primary Chronicle. Tale of Bygone Years / Повесть временных лет.
17. Ibn Qudamah, Al Mugni, IX/407, 7981.
18. Ariffin, Syed Ahmad Iskandar Syed (2005). Architectural Conservation in Islam : Case Study of the Prophet's Mosque. Penerbit UTM. pp. 88–89,109.
19. Кубарев В.В., Локализация Древнего Рима, East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #7 (47), 2019 part 4. Стр. 28–59.
Text of claus in Word format: