|Russian Revolution's Forum|
Modernization of Russia
Holy Russia - Third Rome
The new subject of international law, the State Holy Russia - Third Rome, 21.09.2013.
Nova Church of Holy Russia
Orthodoxy and Christianity require reforming and release of heresy and obscurantism. 21.09.2011.
Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles New!!!
The author correctly synchronizes historical and religious Chronicles of the Ancient World based on a short chronology and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in the annals and Scriptures. The author believes that discrepancies in dates, geographical localities and ethnic origin of historical and religious figures are due to erroneous traditional chronology and historical geography, as well as the deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events to an established paradigm. 20.04–25.05.2020.
Astronomical dating of Biblical events New!!!
The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs and 1 Supernova. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs, including the Eclipse of Pharaoh Takelot on August 8, 891. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010, and the date of death of Ibrahim – the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal 546 AH). 20.02–31.03.2020.
Origin of the gens Rurik New!!!
After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, throne name Constantine Monomachos. 11.09–21.10.2019.
Chronology of monotheistic religions New!!!
The author identified the Patriarchs of monotheism with well-known figures of human history. He proved that the oldest religion of monotheism is Christianity, which had a theoretical character in the I Millennium (Old Testament Christianity) and a practical embodiment at the beginning of the II Millennium (New Testament Christianity). Islam and Judaism emerged only in the early VII century and became radical branches of Christianity. Based on the study of solar eclipses, the author has determined the date and place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (March 18, 1010 in Constantinople), the year of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (1152) and the period creation of the Quran (1130–1152). 01–27.08.2019.
Localization of Ancient Rome New!!!
The history of Ancient Rome is well studied, but hides a lot of inconsistencies and contradictions relating to the period of formation of the city and the expansion of the Romans into the world. We believe that the problems are caused by ignorance of the true localization of Ancient Rome in the Volga region on Akhtuba until the Fire on 64 and move city to location of Veii in Italy. The article also considers the aspects of ethnic origin of the peoples of the Latin League, Ancient Rome and Europe. The vector of expansion of Ancient Rome from the Volga region to the Europe coinciding with the migration flows of the Migration Period and the spread of PIE is substantiated. In addition the article considers the dynamics of growth and decline of the population of Ancient Rome in the localities from its inception to sunset and transformation. 23.06–16.07.2019.
Short chronology of Ancient Egypt New!!!
The history of Ancient Egypt generated in XIX century, every day finds out all greater discrepancy to modern realities both the newest archeological and tool data, including results of DNA researches of mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs. The chronology of Egypt as whole is considered well investigated and however it has been created for substantiation of an antiquity of Jewish people, instead of for scientific description of one of most ancient terrestrial civilizations. Author's reconstruction of chronology of Ancient Egypt has found out time shift at rate 1780 years in depth of centuries from true dating events. 1-16.06.2019.
Great Tartary or Slavic Empire
The next riddle of world historiography is solved. Present clause is devoted to history and modern condition of one of the most grandiose empires of terrestrial civilization – Great Tartary or Slavic Empires. 04–19.09.2017.
The European Aryans
In present clause the broad audience of the questions connected to probable Aryan origin of various European peoples is considered. Including aspects of possible an Aryan origin of Slavs and prospects of presence by these of special way to world around are considered. 25.02.2017 - 24.03.2017.
Summarizing of Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016)
Within the framework of carrying out Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016) on elections of Grand Prince of All Russia four Nominees have been put forward. The overwhelming majority of voices have been given for Nominee Grand Prince Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. Will of God and decision of participants of Assembly, Zemsky Sobor 2016 has elected lifelong Grand Prince of All Russia Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Grand Kubensky Rurikovich. 11.05.2016.
Yaroslavl’s Princes Rurikovich
In clause is described family tree of Grand Princes of Yaroslavl and their descendants, it is the senior branch of the Kin of Russ – Rurikovich, going back to Mstislav Great Monomachos. Kin of the Grand Princes of Yaroslavl have continued by Princes Grand Kubensky – Kubarev. 22.02.2016–11.03.2016.
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In clause the all truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is ignored Orthodox and Romanov’s historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ with « good intentions » opens without denominations. The kin of Russ - Rurikovich has created Orthodoxy and the Russian statehood, Russian people began to forget about it. Glory to Russ! 07-17.07.2015.
Brief chronology of religions
The report at XXX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.04.2015, Moscow, RosNoU. In the clause the final Chronological Tables of Ancient Egypt, Ancient and New Rome, Rome in Italy, Christianity, Islam and Judaism are submitted. 25.04.2015.
Canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century and the present time
The report at XXIX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20.12.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the comparative analysis of canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century (1315-1321), displayed on mosaics and frescos of Church of Chorus in Istanbul, and modern doctrines are made. Numerous differences of events of the Holy Legend and the Gospel of the past and the present are found out. 20.12.2014.
Ethnic threats to peoples of Russia
In clause political, economic, cultural and religious aspects of consequences of ethnic opposition of radical peoples of Russia and new coming Slavic population formed as result of violent Slavic expansion in Russia in days of the Mongolian yoke are considered. The historical reasons of occurrence of ethnic contradictions are investigated, estimations of modern condition of problem (Chechelevskaya and Lubotinskaya Republics in 1905, Donetsk national republic and Lugansk national republic in 2014 in territory of Ukraine) are given and offers on decrease in escalation of ethnic opposition in territory of Eurasia are made. 09.06 - 05.07.2014.
Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus
The report at XXVIII International Conference on problems of the Civilization is 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In clause it is described detailed attribution of Ugrian Tsars with Emperors of Ancient and New Rome and Patriarches of terrestrial civilization. It is scientifically proved origins of all patriarches of monotheism and Emperors Flavius and Lecapenus from kint of Ugrian Tsars of Russ (Great), is the ethnic Finn-Ugrian from Volga region. 23.03.2014 – 24.04.2014.
Putin's Eurasian impasse
Vladimir Putin and Uniform Russia realize the Eurasian project, involving Russia and Russian people during stagnation and backlogs from World Civilization. They create Gog and Magog Empire, menacing to world peace. Why the Kremlin authority has not asked Russian Slavs – they want to live in the Asian country or to be safe Europeans? 14-22.01.2014.
Projections of the God in symbols of religion
As result of studying the extensive visual material created by 3D modeling, we have proved existence of uniform source of an origin of Projections of the God, that is religious symbolic of people. The source or quantum object refers to the Chariot of the God. We believe that on the basis of our researches, it will be possible to organize training to travel on the Universe of space navigators from the most gifted people and to create spaceships with engines as the described quantum generator is Chariots of the God or the Chariot of Cube. 25–30.08.2013.
Origin and migration of Slavs
Historical and genetic routes of migrations of the Slavs, calculated with the help from ancient Byzantium, European, Chinese, Arabian, Bulgarian and Russian chronicles and annals, and also modern researches of man's DNA chromosomes. 01-21.05.2013.
Empires of cousins of Russ
The report at scientific XXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization 26-27.04.2013, Moscow, RosNoU. In article five world Empires of cousins of Russ (Great) existing in our era on open spaces of Eurasia with cyclicity of occurrence once in 300 years are described.
Hungarian Kingdom of Russ
It is continuation of research of dynastic communications of Rurikovich. Cousin of Rurik Almysh/Almos and his children Kazan/Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad, it is all ethnic Ugrian of Russ, have based at the end of IX century – beginning of X century the Hungarian kingdom of Russ, having grasped Great Moravia. 08-11.01.2013.
Reconstruction of dynastic communications of Rurikovich in IX-XI centuries
Report at anniversary scientific XXV International conference on problems of civilization at 21-22.12.2012, RosNoU, Moscow. Corrected at 03.01.2013.
Educated Christianity of Russ
Bible – the Old Testament and the New Testament has exhausted itself. Forged the Scripts and the Sacred Legend cannot serve more as a spiritual reference point for promotion of mankind forward on the river of time. It is allowable to use only spiritual – moral potential of the ancient products being product of national creativity of Jews and Catholics, instead of divine revelations. The chronology of Bible events, an ethnic accessory of patriarchs of mankind, names, geography and original languages of heroes of the Bible do not correspond to the validity. Bible miracles have the quantum nature in the basis and submit to laws of a universe. Educated Christianity of Russ restore the religious both destroyed obscurantists religious and scientific knowledge of Christianity and revolutionary role of religion in history of civilization. 26.08. – 12.10.2012.
True Empty Tomb
Nova Church of Sacred Russia and Sacred Russ, Princes of Russia congratulates mankind on presence of True Empty Tomb and restoration of the religious and historical truth. The true has triumphed forever. 20-29.05.2012.
Orthodoxy and Islam in Old Russia
The report at XXIV International scientific conference on problems of the Civilization in Russian New University on April 20-21, 2012.
Day of Church Slavonic writing. Russ Cyril and Methodius.
In this significant holiday of Day of Church Slavonic writing and remembering Equal Apostles Sacred Cyril and Methodius, Princes of Russ convincingly ask Russian Orthodox Church and the public of the orthodox countries to return to sources and correctly to name the writing, language and church books Russian, but not Slavic. Ancient Russia was the Finno-Ugric state created by Russ Christians Rurik and Igor, Cyril and Methodius, Askold and Dir, Prophetic Oleg and Sacred Olga, Sacred Vladimir and Empress Anna Macedonian.
Wars of Russ in IX-XI centuries
In article on a rich actual material it is shown, that all wars of Russ with Byzantium in 836-1043 have been connected to deduction of a throne of empire by Russian party of Constantinople headed by the Macedonian dynasty of Russ. To the author it is proved, that two centuries co-emperors of New Rome were Great Princes Rurikovich. Last Russian emperor Jaroslav Mudry known in Tsar Grad as Constantine Monomakh was. The report at scientific XXII International conference on problems of the Civilization 22-23.04.2011, Moscow, RosNoU.
Genetic distances between cousins Rurikovich
The report at scientific XXII International Conference on problems of the Civilization, on April 22-23, 2011, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. 24.04.2011.
Slavic-Mongolian invasion to Russia
Results of our research of an origin of Slavs have not simply scientific, but political value. In view of the received data it is necessary to form the weighed policy of interethnic and inter religious attitudes in Russia and the world. The modern hobby of Russian Slavs Rodoverie, the Aries origin and the contemptuous attitude to inhabitants of Central Asia, Caucasus, Mongolia, China and other regions of the world bears a system and logic mistake. Rodoverie in general it is senseless, in fact ancestors Rodoverian in Russia and Ukraine have left Central Asia and were Kirghiz, Altaian’s, Tajik’s, Pashtun’s, Uyghur’s and Juan-Juan, and completely not blond demigods. 12-18.03.2011.
Old Rome and Italic union of the Volga region
The scientific article on an extensive historical material proves that Ancient Rome has been created by Finno-Ugric tribe’s of Italic union of the Volga region (Idel, Bulgar). Italic peoples Vestini (Vesi), Marsi (Merya), Lucani (Lucane), Marrucini (Marri) and others till now live on Volga. Finno-Ugric named Latinas (Latinyanami) German peoples of the Volga region, differently Altyn-ami that means Gold literally. Fortress Alba Longo was called Altynbash, and Volga region Rome – Ulak-Urum. Southwest capital of Finno-Ugric of Idel was city Phanagoria or the Finn–Ugoria, being in antiquities capital Bosporus Empire and Great Bulgaria was. The web of lies of the western falsifiers of history how many would not be twisted, but to it all the same there comes the end. 10-21.02.2011.
We have proved fidelity Bulgarian theory of an origin of mankind. She proves to be true a natural vector of moving of people on a planet from the Volga region in all parties of Eurasia, and there from to Africa, Australia and America. All peoples and races of the world have taken place from Hindi-European, namely – from ethnic Finno-Ugric. 01-07.02.2011.
Correct DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology
Scientific article of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev on DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology is submitted to your attention. The author has created formulas with which help it is possible to define precisely time of life of the general ancestor and an epoch of formation of various languages. These formulas have received the name of Kubarev’s formula. With the help of mathematical calculations, Valeriy Kubarev has proved fidelity Barrow of Hypothesis of Maria Gimbutas and own reconstruction of a history of the world. We hope that results of research will find wide application in DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology. 04-14.01.2011.
Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia
The report of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization 25.12.2010. Valeriy Kubarev's scientific article describes genetics of Rurikovich and Sorts of Russia. Grand Prince has scientifically defined modal haplotype of Rurik, Gedimin, Russ Aydar, Kubrat, Flavius and has theoretically described modal haplotype of Alexander Great, Jesus Christ Zlatoust, Prophet Mohammed and Genghis Khan. All these well-known people ethnically Finno-Ugrian from the Sort of Russ. 25.12.2010.
What do we celebrate on November 4? Loss of the national sovereignty...
National voting or voting of national representatives is unacceptable for elections of Tsar and Grand Duke, in fact tsar from the God, and the voice of people is not a voice Divine. Elections of Grand Duke only voting of Princes – patrimonial aristocracy of Russia are possible. 08-21.11.2010.
Turn of the Earth promptly comes nearer
This is article with the analysis of abnormal geophysical and climatic activity on a planet. 09-12.09.2010.
Baltavar – a symbol of Christianity, an Islam and Judaism
Petrarca: « When people will address to the history, his greatness come to live »
History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012
Kubarev V.V.'s report, History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012.
Section «Civilization aspects of the Russian history and chronology».
Tenth International scientific conference «Civilization of knowledge: global crisis and an innovative choice of Russia», Moscow, April 24-25, 2009, RosNOU.
Whose fault is it?
Emperors Lekapenos(920–945) New!!!
Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
Dancing on bones (people losses of USSR in SWW)
We have found out the facts of direct falsification of human losses of military men and civil persons of the USSR within the Second World War in some millions person. Forgery is caused by activity of the propaganda machine of the USSR and false understanding of patriotism in modern Russia. By our calculations true irrevocable losses of the population of the USSR within the SWW make 7.6–8.7 million persons from among military men and the general losses with civil people 12.8–13.9 million persons. Have run away from Stalin paradise of USSR is hundred thousand (up to 1.3 million) the persons. We believe that the name of each victim of war should be taken into account and sounded publicly. 04–18.05.2019.
Territory of negative
The report at XXXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20-21.04.2018, Moscow, RosNoU. As result of centuries-old struggle of the West and the East there was theological incident when the advanced countries call Russia stronghold of evil, and Russia use toga of the defender of the God and Belief, accusing other world in mortal sins. In the report attempt objectively is done to understand that occurs in the historical plan to the population and civilizations on territories of Russia and what forecast it is possible to make on the future. 20-21.04.2018.
Expansion of Rome from Volga region
The report at XXXIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 24.12.2016, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the extensive information on resettlement of peoples to Europe through ports of Bosporan Kingdom and Bosporus to the Mediterranean from the Volga region, Siberia and Caucasus during existence of Ancient Rome in delta of the rivers Volga and Akhtuba since VI century B.C. up to middle of VI century is submitted. 24.12.2016.
Seleucus and tribal leaders of Rome
The report at scientific XXXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization has acted on December 26, 2015, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. In the report the hypothesis that "Macedonian" gains of IV century B.C. actually are the first wave of expansion of Ancient Rome and resettlement of peoples on South, East and West from territory of the Volga region and Caucasus is put forward and proved. 26.12.2015.
Picturesque Gospel of Church of Chora (Kariye) in Istanbul
Research of artifacts of Church of the Christ Savior in Chora (Church of Chorus, XIV century, Istanbul) has allowed restoring overlooked nuances of ancient doctrines of Byzantium Orthodoxy. The numerous facts of distortion Holy Book and Holy Legend have been found out at formation of modern Christian canons which at all are not an inviolable reality from above, and there is product of human creativity. 15.09–08.10.2014.
Images ancient Romans from Volga in artefacts
Long millennia in Idel-Rome-Memphis-Mitsraim-Itil-Saray-Batu lived from 600 000 up to one million person. Ruins of city are grandiose pantry of a history, culture and religion. Masonic scientists diligently avoid carrying out there scale excavation. In those places prospers only black selector of treasures. How long it is possible to hide to world elite of impostors true from people? 20-22.04.2010.
What to do?
Sixth and other questions New!!!
Why doesn't the ROC want to stop the war? 14.02.2022.
Five questions to the ROC New!!!
The first question: What is the data of the Birth of Christ now?
The second question: When and where was Jesus Christ crucified?
The third question: When will the Apocalypse begin?
Fourth question: Why Tartarus and the Kingdom of The Beast located in Russia?
The fifth question: When did Vladimir Putin become the receptacle of the Beast? 24-27.01.2022.
The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran New!!!
Based on an independent analysis of artifacts, ancestral tree and astronomical phenomena related to the deeds, life and death of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as historical evidence of the first appearance and legal use of the Quran in the life of Muslims, the author drew conclusions about the integration of several historical figures of the VII and XII centuries into the personality of the Prophet Muhammad. They became Khagan Kubrat, aka Emperor Heraclius, the Arabian Prophet or Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphs and the true Prophet Muhammad, who lived in 1090–1052. The Quran was created in 1130–1152. The proposed interpretation does not undermine the canons of the faith of Islam, but establishes the truth. 11–30.11.2021.
Syncing the chronicles of Rome and Egypt New!!!
Based on a thorough analysis of details of military campaigns and astronomical phenomena from the chronicles of Ancient and New Rome, Ancient Egypt and Persian sources, the author confirmed the chronological shift in the history of Ancient Egypt by 1780 years in the past. The author also revealed the complot of historians to conceal the existence of Ancient Egypt in I millennium by masking the deeds of the Egyptian Pharaohs of the New Kingdom for the non-existent activity of the Kings of the Sasanian Empire. 06–29.03.2021.
The identification of the Patriarchs with historical figures New!!!
The author correctly identifies the Patriarchs of monotheistic religions with historical figures of the past based on the paradigm of a short chronology of the world and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in Chronicles and Scriptural. The identification of the Patriarchs is based on the analysis of data from the genealogical trees of Jesus Christ from Lucas, Matthew, mosaics of the Church of Chora, the genealogical tree of the Prophet Muhammad and lists of the Kings of the Great Bulgaria. 21.07–27.08.2020.
We have found out and have proved that at everyone men are two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors he has only one pair pure relatives – the forefather and the foremother. All other ancestors are the listed relatives. We also have proved that each woman has two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors it has only one pair foremothers. On the basis of research we confirm De Facto firmness of the absolute law of succession is rule Lex Salica of Pure Relationship. 05.08 – 03.09.2014.
To be continued...
Thoughts aloud: Religion
Thoughts aloud: Politics
Thoughts aloud: Advice
To be continued...
||Valery KUBAREV > Modernization of Russia > All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In 2015 Russia solemnly marks 1000–years anniversary of date of death of Grand Prince Vladimir died under official version on July 15/28, 1015. Saint Vladimir's biography has acquired with improbable quantity of legends, fictions and the usual falsifications made with good intentions. In given clause we shall open the truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is held back orthodox and Romanov’s House historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ. We shall refer to official chronicles and results of our own researches of history of Russia and Rurikovich.
Let's start with that it is incorrect to name Prince Vladimir and furthermore to combine Christian concept Saint Vladimir with pagan name. In christening Prince has accepted name Basil which became his name in life eternal and on throne.
The modern historiography is filled with numerous mistakes and discrepancy. She modestly asserts that Vladimir was born about 960. Exact date is unknown. He has lived only 55 years. Official children at him it was twenty three – 13 sons and 10 daughters. All of them were born ostensibly during 977–980 that is simply impossible. Thus the child in 10 years old it became Prince of Novgorod, and in 18 years old – Grand Prince of Kiev. A priori we confirm that these data do not correspond to the validity.
Let's especially note that conventional Norman’s theory of origin Rurik and Vladimir is historical forgery which is inspired Romanov's by House and their adherents in historical science of Russia. Imaginations of Norman’s have been once and for all denied by results of genetic inspections of kept descendants Rurik which appeared ethnic Finn–Ugrian, that is arias of the Volga region, and at all inhabitants of the Western Europe.
Let's briefly describe family attitudes and communications of Rurikovich in IX – XI centuries [1–4].
Rurik, it Lachin (Clear falcon), was born in family Bulgarian Khagan Urus (Russ) Aydar, in christening Leo, accepted subsequently an Islam. Grandfather of Rurik Emperor of New Rome Constantine Blind was. Rurik – Lachin was born about 822. Has died on the different data – in 882 on Bulgarian chronicles , and it agrees STY in 879 . At Rurik has the senior brother – Gabdulla Djilki Moslem who has inherited from father Urus Aydar Bulgarian Power in 855 was. Rurik – Constantine in 860 in Itil from the cousins – Equal Apostles Saint Cyril and Methodius  has accepted Christianity and name. In 862 Prince has generated own power – the Novgorod Russ. In 869–879 it was co–Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty under throne name Constantine.
Igor Rurikovich was born in 878 in marriage Rurik and Efanda (in Elena's Christening), sisters of Prince Prophetic Oleg which became known as Emperor Leo Philosopher later. This marriage for Rurik was the second. First wife is Umila, the sister of Khagan Isaac of Khazar Khaganate, had no children. On our reconstruction of history , Igor Rurikovich was co – Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty under throne name Roman I Lecapenus. Lecapenus (Lachins) in Byzantium named descendants and relatives legendary Rurik – Lachin . For sceptics we shall notice that casual concurrence of names, biographies and the periods of life more than 50 imperial persons are practically impossible.
Igor married on Bulgarian Princess Olga in 903 which ostensibly only in 40 years have given birth to the first child – son Svyatoslav in 942. We shall note that the official science easy shuts eyes to obvious delirium – to Igor and Olga there would be accordingly 64 years old and 55 years old at the moment of birth of the child.
Actually Igor and Olga had many children – daughter Elena, sons Svyatoslav and Gleb , some more daughters are possible.
Elena has been given in 919 in marriage for Emperor Constantine VII. Then Igor Rurikovich under throne name Roman I Lecapenus (Lekapenus) has been proclaimed by with – Emperor in 920. Svyatoslav was born about 905 and his brother Gleb about 907. So, while precisely to establish year of birth of Princes it is not obviously possible. We shall note that in 924 both sons have been proclaimed by co – Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty, therefore they should be already adult (than 16 years old are more senior).
In Bulgarian chronicles  Svyatoslav named Barys (version of name Kubar), and Gleb called Galib, Uleb or Gali. In New Rome Svyatoslav was considered in 924–945 as co–Emperor Stephan Lecapenos and Gleb in 924–945 years was considered co–Emperor Constantine Lacapenus.
Who were Saint Vladimir's parents?
The history of birth of Vladimir is pleased confusing. The secret of birth is caused by lewd behavior of his mother – Malusha. Related to communications of Bulgarian Tsars, Russian Princes and the Byzantium Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty have been described by us in works [3–4]. In figures No. 1 and No. 2 family attitudes of all important working historical persons of that time are submitted.
Picture No. 2.
Malusha – under Russian annals is housekeeper of Princesses Olga , is daughter of Malk Lubichanin, sister of Dobrynya, the deputy of Novgorod, and mother of Saint Vladimir. She was considered concubine of Prince Svyatoslav, is father of Vladimir. In Bulgarian chronicles Malusha the close relative of Russian Princes through the father Is small also it grandgrandfather Djilki, is senior brother of Rurik. In the annals it is spoken, that the daughter of Mal has married for Barys (Svyatoslav) in 946, and the son of Mal is Diu–Baryn (Dobrynya) became the first Russian boyar (colonel in Novgorod), I volume, page 87–88 . Historians attribute Malusha date of birth as 940–944. Date of death is unknown. Thus Joachim’s annals  divide two sons of Svyatoslav and child of Malush:
« Svyatoslav had three sons, him areas have undressed: to the oldest Yaropolk give hailstones Kiev with all area, to Oleg young give Drevlyane, and to Vladimir, son of Malusha is Novgorad »
We believe that Malusha was wife Gleb, is younger brother Svyatoslav, and has given birth to Vladimir from Gleb. In STY  in the text of the peace treaty 945 with Byzantium are spoken:
« Uleb from Volodislav; Kanicar from Preglory; Shihbern Sphandr from wife of Uleb »
Uleb it is the form of name Gleb. Volodislav here is son of Gleb – is Vladimir. There is also representative of Malusha, wives of Gleb by name Shihbern Sphandr.
After Gleb murder by Svatoslav's in 945, Malusha has got Svyatoslav as the mistress, and Vladimir has been adopted by Svyatoslav. Surprisingly but any other details about further life of Malusha, mother of Equal Apostles Saint Vladimir, it is not found.
Malusha was native grandmother of Mary (Maria), daughters of Vladimir and Anna that is known, but Maria Vladimirovna was Virgin according to our reconstruction of history . Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) and the Russian historians carefully hide the facts vita of the Russian Virgin in X–XI centuries, however, in Nikon’s annals  is in black and white written:
« Volodimer from Malka, housekeeper of Olga; Malka is sister of Dobrynya, – and Dobrynya is uncle of Volodimir; and Volodimer was born in Budutine, because Olga sent her here, village was belong of Malusha, and when she death given village to Holy Virgin »
Literally sat Budutine it has been presented to the Virgin. Modern historians speak that it was gift of unknown Church of the Virgin. But actually the village was literally adjure to alive and healthy Virgin Mary Vladimirovna (961–1060).
According to our reconstruction Malusha it was known in New Rome under name Theophano Mamas . Thus it is necessary to understand, that all family Malusha concerned to Emperors Lecapenus, co–Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty. Reflection its feats have got on pages of annals of Russia, Bulgaria and Byzantium. Malusha has gone to the father – khan Mal, become famous for sexual force and love abundance. The grandson It is small also son of Malusha – Vladimir has received gift of sexual dissoluteness from relatives. It is known that Vladimir had tens wives and hundreds concubines. The interpretation of numerous adventures Malusha known in Byzantium as Theophano Mamas, have was source of falsifications and inventions of historians.
So, mother of Vladimir was Malusha – Theophano Mamas. What we know about the father of Prince?
Svyatoslav Igorevich, Barys (the form of name Kubar) – Prince of Novgorod (945–969) and Grand Prince of Kiev (945–972), is years of life 942–972. Year of birth precisely is not known. Father Igor and mother Olga have got married in 903, therefore date of birth Svyatoslav looks doubtfully. It is mentioned in TSY  for 946 in the description of campaign on Drevlyanian. Regent – mother Princess Olga (has died in 969), which actually rules the state. In Joachim’s annals of  pages 433 (38) it is told, that Svyatoslav has killed unique brother Gleb for an accessory to Christianity. Children of Svyatoslav – Yaropolk, Oleg and Vladimir, and annals separate Vladimir from other sons Svyatoslav.
Barys (the form of name Kubar) – Russian Bek, son of Ugyr Lachini – Igor Rurikovich. First time Barys is mentioned Bulgarian I volume, page 51  in the event, dated 925. Certain doctor Subar has constructed hospital and drugstore in Bashtu (Kiev) where has cured fatally patient Barys, son of Ugyr Lachini whom Balyn and Roman doctors unsuccessfully tried to treat.
« When mother of Barys – Anatishka Uldjai [Olga] has asked it why it has made it, Subash has answered: “ my father has strongly grown rich from sale Rum [Roman] things which has bought at Uryr [Igor], and counted itself obliged to it. Therefore I want to help his son ”. – “ What there will be your conditions? ” – has taken an interest Bika. – “ If I shall cure Barys, let it does not accept Christianity ”, – has told Otchi–Subash. It has cured Barys and has given it new name Audan..., and that has not accepted Christianity... »
It is known, that Svyatoslav – Barys has remained up to the end of life Tengrism (Vedic).
Accordingly in 925 Svyatoslav was the adult young man. On our data to it there were 18–20 years old. One year prior to this event Svyatoslav has received title of with – Emperor of New Rome. Stephen Lecapenus is the son and co–Emperor Roman I Lecapenus in 924–945 .
In our opinion, Svyatoslav became reception father Vladimir in 945, after murder of present father Vladimir – Gleb, younger brother Svyatoslav.
Gleb Igorevich, the Talib – Russian Prince, younger son Igor Rurikovicha and Olga, husband of Malusha and father of Vladimir. From Russian annals it is known, that Gleb was the Christian and has accepted martyr death by hand senior brother Svyatoslav , page 432–433:
« It only became angry, and blood brother the Gleb (38) not to mercy, but different flours murder. Gleb with happy on torture come, and belief to Christ and not accept to idol bow, with gaily wreath take torture. »
In the description of the beginning of reign of Mohammed (943–976), the son of Jalkau Michael, grandson of Almush, there are historical characters Gali and his son Kubar, I volume, chapter 13, page 85–90 . After 944 Gali it is not mentioned in Bulgarian chronicles. His son Kubar started to be mentioned from chronicles in 944 and in 964 was known as Bek and the commander of one of armies of Khazar Khaganate. In 966 or 969 Kubar has handed over Khazar capital Itil to the uncle Svyatoslav without fight.
Gleb, according to our researches , is Constantine Lecapenus, the younger son and co–Emperor Roman I Lecapenus, board 924–945 . Date of birth is unknown, has been killed between 946 and 948 in the link at attempt to flight. In 939 Constantine married on Elena, and after her death on January 14, 940, later two weeks on February 2, married on Theophano Mamas, given birth to the son.
Accordingly, Gleb was born about 907, has been killed by senior brother Svyatoslav for failure of plot against father Igor Rurikovich in 945. He was co–Emperor in 924–945. He has been twice married. Last wife was Malusha, identified by us as empress Theophano Mamas. Malusha – Theophano Mamas there is mother Vladimir. Father of Saint Prince Vladimir is Gleb.
Grandfather of Vladimir and father of Malusha by name was Mal, the son of khan Almush. In the annals it is spoken, that the daughter of Mal has married for Barys (Svyatoslav) in 946, and the son of mal Diu–Baryn (Dobrynya) became the first Russian boyar (commander in Novgorod), I volume, page 87–88 . After Igor's murder Prince Mal suggested Olga to leave for him in marriage 6453 (945) .
To acts It is small in Bulgarian chronicles  lot of place is given. For the first time 912, I volume are mentioned in events, page 54 – 55  when It is small also his sister Zuhra were taken prisoner at children's age. On this basis we can assert, that Mal and Zuhra were born in 900–910–th. Zuhra has married to Tsar of Bulgaria Peter in 927 the adult girl. Some years Mal have lived in captivity in Itil, capital of Khazaria. Khazar Khan Arslan had plans (page 56) put Mal on throne after the death. Bulgarian chronicles assert, that were small is married to one of Igor Rurikovich's wives who has escaped to Mal because of Olga's intrigues, in the same place, page 85–86. Under its order, the captured Igor has been broken off on pieces by the bent trees in 945 .
So, Vladimir was born about 940 in Gleb's and Malusha family. About 945 reception father Vladimir became uncle Svyatoslav who has taken in mistress Malusha. Father and the stepfather up to 945 were co–Emperors of New Rome from dynasty Lecapenus. 945 became last year boards of Lekapenus–Rurikovich in New Rome then they have been expelled from Byzantium as result of the lost war.
In 955 Princess Olga has visited Tsar Grad, and has accepted Christening and name Elena. In 957 she again has visited New Rome with the purpose of the organization of wedding between the grandsons – Vladimir and Anna Macedonian. During visit Princess Olga has received the offer from Constantine VII to become co–Empress of Rome [10.] Olga has reasonably refused, remembering last war in 944 of Russia with Byzantium because of throne of Empire.
We believe that Vladimir and Anna have got married in 960, and in 961 or 962 at pair daughter Mary becoming known world as the Virgin was born. At this time Vladimir served in Khazaria as commander. Empress Anna Macedonian has decided to devote to the God the life and daughter Mary in what she was supported by the spiritual instructor father Joachim becoming subsequently Bishop of Korsun (Chersoneses), and then Great Novgorod and written Joachim’s annals . After marriage on Anna Macedonian, Vladimir became the relative of the Byzantium Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty of Constantine VIII, come to it the brother–in–law. The gold Byzantium coin on which Emperors Basil and Constantine with the big cross in hands are embodied is known. Basil is represented by the adult the man with moustaches and beard, and Constantine is shown by the young man. It proves an inconsistency official to the version of the history, speaking that Basil was more senior than Constantine of all for two years.
The Byzantian coin with the image of Emperors Basil II and Constantine VIII. Basil looks is much more senior than Constantine.
Vladimir's military career – Kubar (the Red Sun) in Khazaria has ended in 969 then has received in possession Great Novgorod in 970. To Prince there were at all 10, but real 30 years old, differently as the child could supervise over one of the largest Princedoms of Europe? Then after murder of the usurper and stepbrother Yaropolk, in 980 Basil – Vladimir became Grand Prince of Kiev. We shall note also, that in any way the young man in 20 years old could not become the Chapter of one of the strongest states of Europe of the time. Actually to Basil there were 40 years old.
While remains riddle when Vladimir actually was christened and has received God and throne name Basil. For marriage with Anna Macedonian Prince Vladimir should not be baptized. We believe that Vladimir's christening has passed not earlier than 976 when it became co–Emperor of New Rome, in fact further the throne name Basil repeatedly meets in the Byzantium chronicles. Therefore to name Prince Basil pagan name Vladimir after accession in Rome in 976 and in Kiev in 980, incorrectly.
According to our reconstruction of history, Prince Yaropolk killed by Varangians of Vladimir in the summer of 980, is identified by us with Tsar Herod who has arranged beating of babies in the beginning of 980. The purpose of action Yaropolk–Herod were Jesus, son of Mary, and also John Baptist who has been born in July 979 in family Zechariah and Elizabeth, relative of Mary.
Thus, Vladimir in 980 became grandfather of Jesus Christ Zlatoust. Jesus's close relatives were mother Mary Vladimirovna, Grandfather Vladimir, Grandmother Anna Macedonian, Great–grandmother Malusha and Great–grandfather Dobrynya. The confessor became Bishop of Korsun (Chersonese) and then Great Novgorod Joachim.
At that time in Constantinople the cousin and brother–in–law Basil – Emperor Constantine VIII formally corrected. However all economic and administrative authority was at the First minister eunuch Basil Lakapenos – the close relative of Prince Basil from senior branch Rurikovich – going back to brother Rurik by name Djilki. Minister Basil has been castrated in the childhood in days of war of Russia and Byzantium in 945 that could not apply for throne of Empire. Basil Lakapenos (Lecapenus) has gained riches and had powerful support among capital aristocracy. It was at authority in 945–985, posts have not been deprived yet and sent into exile by the Grand cousin Emperor and Grand Prince Basil. In poverty former first minister has died of famine and bad luck.
Vladimir started to reign in Kiev in 980, becoming the subject of interstate attitudes of time. Traditionally Vladimir professed Tengrism or Vedic, named in Russian annals Pagans, that by Theology it is incorrect. After actual divorce with Anna Macedonian Vladimir – Basil suited set of harems, where lived more than 700 mistresses and concubine in neighboring villages of Kiev. Thus at him was seven or more wives. As father of the Virgin and Grandfather of Jesus Christ Zlatoust, it compared itself with Solomon and aspired to produce as much as possible children.
As Basil – Vladimir was co–Emperor of Tsar Grad armies of Ancient Russia began to accept active participation in the military companies of New Rome. Russian Varangian about 988 became part of Guards of Byzantium. In Constantinople 6000 person has settled down Varangian the corps number. Since then Varangian participated in all wars of Empire, for example, have crushed revolt Bardas Phokas. In 1014 Russian armies participated in war against the Danube Bulgaria, have broken the opponent and have taken prisoner 15000 Bulgarians. Number of Russian population of Constantinople in those days made not less than hundred thousand person.
We believe that events of war in Chersonese in 988 are wrongly interpreted by Church and an official historical science with the purpose of creation of a decent picture of Christening of Russia. Actually Russ was baptized by Princes Askold and Dir in IX century as about 867 in Constantinople there was Russian diocese.
Besides to coordinate siege of Chersonese to the requirement of marriage of Tsarina Anna Macedonian it is ridiculous, as they for long time have been married and had daughter Mary. Actually Vladimir's military operation – Basil in Crimea has been directly connected to revolt Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas against Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty in 987–989. On our deep belief, Prince of Chersonese has adjoined revolt and has supported idea accession Bardas Skleros, as well as many other provincial feudal lords of Byzantium.
Therefore Emperor Basil – Vladimir has attacked on Chersonese and has demanded from local Tsar to swear it on fidelity, and also to marry the daughter. The most correct statement of events is made in « Zhitie (Vita) of Vladimir of special structure » .
According to the chronicle in the beginning Vladimir asked for itself the daughter of " Prince of Chersonese of hailstones », but that with contempt has given up. Then the offended Vladimir has collected an army from « Varangian, Sloven, Kriviches, Bolgarians with black people » and has moved to punish the offender. During time of siege certain Varangian from Chersonese by name Jdbern (or Idjbern) has sent arrow to camp to the fellow tribesmen Varangian and has shouted: « Inform arrow this to Prince Vladimir! » To arrow the note with the message has been adhered: « If with power you will stand under city year, either two, or three, you will not take Chersonese. Seaman’s come by earthen with drink water and with forage during hailstones »
On the basis of these data Vladimir ordered to dig over an earthen way (tunnel) and in 3 months has taken city. Punishment of city dwellers  further has followed:
« And Prince of Chersonese and with Princess has caught, and daughter them to itself has taken in tent, and Prince and Princess has adhered at tent plough and with daughter of them belong them lawless has created. And after three days has enjoined Prince and Princess to kill, and daugther them for boyar Idjbern has given with many manor, and in Chersonese the deputy of it has put … »
Vladimir's such behavior already happened. It has copied an image of the previous actions in relation to Polotsk Prince Rogvolod and his daughter Rogneda, his violently becoming wife. Having grasped Chersonese, Vladimir has sent to Tsar Ggrad embassy led by military leader Oleg and Varangian Idjbern. These characters are not known on other sources.
After capture of Chersonese local Bishop both spiritual instructor Anna Macedonian and its daughters Mary (Maria) by name Joachim has been appointed by Archbishop of Novgorod who Christened of Novgorodians in 988. Joachim  in the story of 989 are mentioned Christening of inhabitants in the Annals Novgorod the First Younger Izvod in clause, and is called there as "Archbishop Akim Korsunjanin (Joachim of Chersonese)". In the annals Novgorod (Malinovsky's Novgorod annals) in clause 988 are informed the second that to Novgorod there has come Bishop Joachim, « order ruin and Perun destroyed » and remained Bishop the Novgorod 42 years while his place was taken up by his pupil Efrem. Thus, death Joachim is dated 1030. Bishop has constructed some temples, including wooden cathedral in the name of Sofia Wise « about thirteen tops » and stone church Joachim and Anna where was burned, and also monastery named Sofia or Church of the Tithes.
Bulgarian chronicles  inform lot of information on Vladimir which name Bulymer and Kubar. Bulymer – the son or stepson Barys (Svyatoslav) and Malusha, daughters of Mal. Vigorous activity of Bulymer the beginnings of reigning in Kiev in 980, I volume, page 102–104  have begun right after. Military campaigns Bulymer against various opponents are described. The campaign has taken place in 981 against Volga Bulgaria however it has ended with defeat Bulymer though the official history speaks about victory and connection to Russ Vuatichs. In 988 Bulymer has intruded in Djaldu [Crimea] and has grasped Rum’s city [Chersonese]. In the award it has received many gold and silver, and also Dima–Tarhan in bonus (the question is the woman). In 991 of army of Bulymer together with Rum’s [Romans] have attacked the city of Hin [in Khazaria]. After death of Bulymer war between it sons for throne of Russia began. According to source last message on this war is dated 1021, in the same place page 108 . However under the official version of history Vladimir has died ostensibly in 1015.
Zlatnik of Grand Prince Basil - Vladimir. On coin the head of Prince is represented as at Emperor Basil on Byzantium gold solidus.
The Byzantium sources are extremely inconsistent, as were exposed numerous edits and to falsifications. They poorly describe Emperor Basil and his acts.
Basil II (Basil II Bulgar–Slayer, Macedonian dynasty), the Byzantium Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, the son of Emperor Roman II and Tsarinas Theophano Mamas, the successor on John Tzimiskes's throne. Years of life is 958–1025, years of board 976–1025, actually started to correct in 985 after discharge from authority of eunuch Basil Lakapenos.
Any details about private life of Emperor and his family it is not known. It is considered, that Emperor Basil II has not left posterity. Instead of home life Basil ostensibly was fond of military fights. It has leaded all life in fights and gains, for victories above Danube Bulgarians has received nickname Bulgar–Slayer. A basis of army of Basil made Varangian teams sent to Constantinople by Grand Prince Vladimir – Basil. The Byzantium guards became Varangians corps in quantity 6000 person. Thus it is necessary to take into account, that everyone Varangian had family, therefore in Constantinople after 988 the huge Russian diaspora – more than 30000 person was placed. Traditional historians assert, that Basil II conducted an ascetic way of life, caring of the army it is more, than about daily well–being. Because of it has remained bachelor. It has helped nothing to marry daughters of brother of Constantine. Basil's indifference to home life has caused fading the Macedonian dynasty .
In Muslim sources Prince Vladimir is described as direct ancestor of Prophet Mohammed under name Luajja, grandson of Firh, son of Galib and father of Kaab.
We identify Vladimir – Basil – Bulymer – Kubar – Basil II – Luajja as one historical person living in X–XI centuries (940 – 1017). In the works we have in detail described years of life, feature of board and family attitudes of the marked governor [1, 3, 4]. Father Vladimir Gleb – Gali – Uleb – Emperor Constantine Lekapenus, younger brother of Svyatoslav – Barys – Emperor Stephane was. Mother was Malusha – Theophano Mamas, the daughter of Mal – Cesar Roman Lekapenus and Granddaughter of Almush – Emperor Christopher Lekapenus. Vladimir's first marriage, page 295–300  has been made in 960 when to it and his bride on Anna Macedonian was approximately for twenty years. Wedding was organized by Princess Olga who has visited Constantinople sometimes at the end of 950th. In marriage one daughter – Mary (Maria) Vladimirovna becoming Virgin was born. Date of birth is 961–962. In 960–970 Vladimir was known in Khazaria under name Bek (Prince) Kubar, participating in numerous wars with Turkmens, Arabs and Bulgarians. Kubar has handed over without fight Itil to the uncle Svyatoslav finishing with Khazar Khaganate. After these events Kubar has appeared in Novgorod in 970 as Prince of Novgorod. Commander of Novgorod there was uncle of Vladimir by name Dobrynya, the brother of mother Malusha and the son of Mal. In 980 Vladimir has seized power in Kiev and has received Title Grand Prince of Kiev. During 976–987 Vladimir is christened under name Basil. About 976 eunuch Basil Lekapenus was formal co–Emperor of Byzantium together with the cousin and brother–in–law Constantine VII, when actually rules Empire. In 985 Emperor Basil – Vladimir has expelled relative Basil Lekapenus from authority and became full Emperor. In 988 it has grasped Chersonese and then Christened peoples of Kiev and Novgorod. He was participated in suppression of revolt Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas. Basil has reorganized armies of Byzantium, has entered into them the pedestrian corps of Varangian and marine sea fleet on basis by boat of Varangians. Russian armies participated in all military operations of Empire in 985–1020. For military feats has received nickname Bulgar–Slayer. Saint Vladimir – Basil had the father to the Virgin and grandfather Jesus Christ Zlatoust, and also became the witness of Bible events of the New Testament. Vladimir – Basil has died during 1015–1021. Exact date of death is not established yet. It agrees TSY  Vladimir corrected in Kiev 37 years, hence, has died in 1017. After death of Prince there was numerous posterity officially he had 23 children. How many was present illegitimate children – it is not known. Grand Prince and Emperor Basil have been buried in Kiev Church of the Tithes. Saint Vladimir's – Basil relic are lost or hidden.
The kept ancient image of Emperor and Grand Prince Basil - Vladimir.
Grand Prince of All Russia,
Pontifex Maximus of Nova Church of Holy Russia,
Professor of theology, Doctor of theology and Doctor of historical sciences,
Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Rurikovich
Moscow – Constantinople,
 Kubarev V.V., Vedas of Russ, M., IP Media, Inc. 2009. The link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/251.htm
 Kubarev V.V., Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia, the Report at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.12.2010, RosNoU, Moscow. The link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/292.htm
 Kubarev V.V., Reconstruction of dynastic communications Rurikovich in IX–XI centuries, the report at XXV International conference on problems of the Civilization, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia, 21–22.12.2012. The link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/380.htm
 Kubarev V.V., Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus, the Report at XXVIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. Link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/402.htm
 Bahshi Iman, Djagfar Taryhi (Annals of Djagfar) Gazi–Baradj Taryhi (Annals of Gazi–Baradj), I – III volume. The link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/346.htm
 The Story of Time Years (TSY), Nestor.
 Joachim’s annals.
 Russian annals on Nikon the list. Issued under look Imp. Academies of sciences. SPb, 1767–1792.
 Azimov A., Constantinople. From legendary Biza up to Dynasty of Palaiologos. M., Joint–Stock Company " Centerpoligraf ", 2007.
 Ceremonies, Constantine VII.
 « Zhitie of Vladimir of special structure » from Ploginsky collection is source of XVII century. Korsun the history from him in part contains in Profalse Vita XV centuries. Endurances from him are published in the book: Carp A.JU. "Saint Vladimir" from series JZL. – M.: Young guards, 2005.
 The Novgorod first annals senior and younger izvodes. – M. – L.: « Publishing house of the Academy of sciences of the USSR », 1950. – 659 with. // "Izbornik." Istoria of Ukraine IX–XVIII. http://litopys.org.ua/novglet/
 Dashkov S.B., « Emperors of Byzantium », Moscow, the Publishing house « Red Square », 1997.