|Russian Revolution's Forum|
Modernization of Russia
Holy Russia - Third Rome
The new subject of international law, the State Holy Russia - Third Rome, 21.09.2013.
Nova Church of Holy Russia
Orthodoxy and Christianity require reforming and release of heresy and obscurantism. 21.09.2011.
Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles New!!!
The author correctly synchronizes historical and religious Chronicles of the Ancient World based on a short chronology and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in the annals and Scriptures. The author believes that discrepancies in dates, geographical localities and ethnic origin of historical and religious figures are due to erroneous traditional chronology and historical geography, as well as the deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events to an established paradigm. 20.04–25.05.2020.
Astronomical dating of Biblical events New!!!
The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs and 1 Supernova. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs, including the Eclipse of Pharaoh Takelot on August 8, 891. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010, and the date of death of Ibrahim – the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal 546 AH). 20.02–31.03.2020.
Origin of the gens Rurik New!!!
After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, throne name Constantine Monomachos. 11.09–21.10.2019.
Chronology of monotheistic religions New!!!
The author identified the Patriarchs of monotheism with well-known figures of human history. He proved that the oldest religion of monotheism is Christianity, which had a theoretical character in the I Millennium (Old Testament Christianity) and a practical embodiment at the beginning of the II Millennium (New Testament Christianity). Islam and Judaism emerged only in the early VII century and became radical branches of Christianity. Based on the study of solar eclipses, the author has determined the date and place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (March 18, 1010 in Constantinople), the year of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (1152) and the period creation of the Quran (1130–1152). 01–27.08.2019.
Localization of Ancient Rome New!!!
The history of Ancient Rome is well studied, but hides a lot of inconsistencies and contradictions relating to the period of formation of the city and the expansion of the Romans into the world. We believe that the problems are caused by ignorance of the true localization of Ancient Rome in the Volga region on Akhtuba until the Fire on 64 and move city to location of Veii in Italy. The article also considers the aspects of ethnic origin of the peoples of the Latin League, Ancient Rome and Europe. The vector of expansion of Ancient Rome from the Volga region to the Europe coinciding with the migration flows of the Migration Period and the spread of PIE is substantiated. In addition the article considers the dynamics of growth and decline of the population of Ancient Rome in the localities from its inception to sunset and transformation. 23.06–16.07.2019.
Short chronology of Ancient Egypt New!!!
The history of Ancient Egypt generated in XIX century, every day finds out all greater discrepancy to modern realities both the newest archeological and tool data, including results of DNA researches of mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs. The chronology of Egypt as whole is considered well investigated and however it has been created for substantiation of an antiquity of Jewish people, instead of for scientific description of one of most ancient terrestrial civilizations. Author's reconstruction of chronology of Ancient Egypt has found out time shift at rate 1780 years in depth of centuries from true dating events. 1-16.06.2019.
Great Tartary or Slavic Empire
The next riddle of world historiography is solved. Present clause is devoted to history and modern condition of one of the most grandiose empires of terrestrial civilization – Great Tartary or Slavic Empires. 04–19.09.2017.
The European Aryans
In present clause the broad audience of the questions connected to probable Aryan origin of various European peoples is considered. Including aspects of possible an Aryan origin of Slavs and prospects of presence by these of special way to world around are considered. 25.02.2017 - 24.03.2017.
Summarizing of Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016)
Within the framework of carrying out Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016) on elections of Grand Prince of All Russia four Nominees have been put forward. The overwhelming majority of voices have been given for Nominee Grand Prince Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. Will of God and decision of participants of Assembly, Zemsky Sobor 2016 has elected lifelong Grand Prince of All Russia Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Grand Kubensky Rurikovich. 11.05.2016.
Yaroslavl’s Princes Rurikovich
In clause is described family tree of Grand Princes of Yaroslavl and their descendants, it is the senior branch of the Kin of Russ – Rurikovich, going back to Mstislav Great Monomachos. Kin of the Grand Princes of Yaroslavl have continued by Princes Grand Kubensky – Kubarev. 22.02.2016–11.03.2016.
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In clause the all truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is ignored Orthodox and Romanov’s historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ with « good intentions » opens without denominations. The kin of Russ - Rurikovich has created Orthodoxy and the Russian statehood, Russian people began to forget about it. Glory to Russ! 07-17.07.2015.
Brief chronology of religions
The report at XXX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.04.2015, Moscow, RosNoU. In the clause the final Chronological Tables of Ancient Egypt, Ancient and New Rome, Rome in Italy, Christianity, Islam and Judaism are submitted. 25.04.2015.
Canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century and the present time
The report at XXIX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20.12.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the comparative analysis of canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century (1315-1321), displayed on mosaics and frescos of Church of Chorus in Istanbul, and modern doctrines are made. Numerous differences of events of the Holy Legend and the Gospel of the past and the present are found out. 20.12.2014.
Ethnic threats to peoples of Russia
In clause political, economic, cultural and religious aspects of consequences of ethnic opposition of radical peoples of Russia and new coming Slavic population formed as result of violent Slavic expansion in Russia in days of the Mongolian yoke are considered. The historical reasons of occurrence of ethnic contradictions are investigated, estimations of modern condition of problem (Chechelevskaya and Lubotinskaya Republics in 1905, Donetsk national republic and Lugansk national republic in 2014 in territory of Ukraine) are given and offers on decrease in escalation of ethnic opposition in territory of Eurasia are made. 09.06 - 05.07.2014.
Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus
The report at XXVIII International Conference on problems of the Civilization is 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In clause it is described detailed attribution of Ugrian Tsars with Emperors of Ancient and New Rome and Patriarches of terrestrial civilization. It is scientifically proved origins of all patriarches of monotheism and Emperors Flavius and Lecapenus from kint of Ugrian Tsars of Russ (Great), is the ethnic Finn-Ugrian from Volga region. 23.03.2014 – 24.04.2014.
Putin's Eurasian impasse
Vladimir Putin and Uniform Russia realize the Eurasian project, involving Russia and Russian people during stagnation and backlogs from World Civilization. They create Gog and Magog Empire, menacing to world peace. Why the Kremlin authority has not asked Russian Slavs – they want to live in the Asian country or to be safe Europeans? 14-22.01.2014.
Projections of the God in symbols of religion
As result of studying the extensive visual material created by 3D modeling, we have proved existence of uniform source of an origin of Projections of the God, that is religious symbolic of people. The source or quantum object refers to the Chariot of the God. We believe that on the basis of our researches, it will be possible to organize training to travel on the Universe of space navigators from the most gifted people and to create spaceships with engines as the described quantum generator is Chariots of the God or the Chariot of Cube. 25–30.08.2013.
Origin and migration of Slavs
Historical and genetic routes of migrations of the Slavs, calculated with the help from ancient Byzantium, European, Chinese, Arabian, Bulgarian and Russian chronicles and annals, and also modern researches of man's DNA chromosomes. 01-21.05.2013.
Empires of cousins of Russ
The report at scientific XXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization 26-27.04.2013, Moscow, RosNoU. In article five world Empires of cousins of Russ (Great) existing in our era on open spaces of Eurasia with cyclicity of occurrence once in 300 years are described.
Hungarian Kingdom of Russ
It is continuation of research of dynastic communications of Rurikovich. Cousin of Rurik Almysh/Almos and his children Kazan/Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad, it is all ethnic Ugrian of Russ, have based at the end of IX century – beginning of X century the Hungarian kingdom of Russ, having grasped Great Moravia. 08-11.01.2013.
Reconstruction of dynastic communications of Rurikovich in IX-XI centuries
Report at anniversary scientific XXV International conference on problems of civilization at 21-22.12.2012, RosNoU, Moscow. Corrected at 03.01.2013.
Educated Christianity of Russ
Bible – the Old Testament and the New Testament has exhausted itself. Forged the Scripts and the Sacred Legend cannot serve more as a spiritual reference point for promotion of mankind forward on the river of time. It is allowable to use only spiritual – moral potential of the ancient products being product of national creativity of Jews and Catholics, instead of divine revelations. The chronology of Bible events, an ethnic accessory of patriarchs of mankind, names, geography and original languages of heroes of the Bible do not correspond to the validity. Bible miracles have the quantum nature in the basis and submit to laws of a universe. Educated Christianity of Russ restore the religious both destroyed obscurantists religious and scientific knowledge of Christianity and revolutionary role of religion in history of civilization. 26.08. – 12.10.2012.
True Empty Tomb
Nova Church of Sacred Russia and Sacred Russ, Princes of Russia congratulates mankind on presence of True Empty Tomb and restoration of the religious and historical truth. The true has triumphed forever. 20-29.05.2012.
Orthodoxy and Islam in Old Russia
The report at XXIV International scientific conference on problems of the Civilization in Russian New University on April 20-21, 2012.
Day of Church Slavonic writing. Russ Cyril and Methodius.
In this significant holiday of Day of Church Slavonic writing and remembering Equal Apostles Sacred Cyril and Methodius, Princes of Russ convincingly ask Russian Orthodox Church and the public of the orthodox countries to return to sources and correctly to name the writing, language and church books Russian, but not Slavic. Ancient Russia was the Finno-Ugric state created by Russ Christians Rurik and Igor, Cyril and Methodius, Askold and Dir, Prophetic Oleg and Sacred Olga, Sacred Vladimir and Empress Anna Macedonian.
Wars of Russ in IX-XI centuries
In article on a rich actual material it is shown, that all wars of Russ with Byzantium in 836-1043 have been connected to deduction of a throne of empire by Russian party of Constantinople headed by the Macedonian dynasty of Russ. To the author it is proved, that two centuries co-emperors of New Rome were Great Princes Rurikovich. Last Russian emperor Jaroslav Mudry known in Tsar Grad as Constantine Monomakh was. The report at scientific XXII International conference on problems of the Civilization 22-23.04.2011, Moscow, RosNoU.
Genetic distances between cousins Rurikovich
The report at scientific XXII International Conference on problems of the Civilization, on April 22-23, 2011, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. 24.04.2011.
Slavic-Mongolian invasion to Russia
Results of our research of an origin of Slavs have not simply scientific, but political value. In view of the received data it is necessary to form the weighed policy of interethnic and inter religious attitudes in Russia and the world. The modern hobby of Russian Slavs Rodoverie, the Aries origin and the contemptuous attitude to inhabitants of Central Asia, Caucasus, Mongolia, China and other regions of the world bears a system and logic mistake. Rodoverie in general it is senseless, in fact ancestors Rodoverian in Russia and Ukraine have left Central Asia and were Kirghiz, Altaian’s, Tajik’s, Pashtun’s, Uyghur’s and Juan-Juan, and completely not blond demigods. 12-18.03.2011.
Old Rome and Italic union of the Volga region
The scientific article on an extensive historical material proves that Ancient Rome has been created by Finno-Ugric tribe’s of Italic union of the Volga region (Idel, Bulgar). Italic peoples Vestini (Vesi), Marsi (Merya), Lucani (Lucane), Marrucini (Marri) and others till now live on Volga. Finno-Ugric named Latinas (Latinyanami) German peoples of the Volga region, differently Altyn-ami that means Gold literally. Fortress Alba Longo was called Altynbash, and Volga region Rome – Ulak-Urum. Southwest capital of Finno-Ugric of Idel was city Phanagoria or the Finn–Ugoria, being in antiquities capital Bosporus Empire and Great Bulgaria was. The web of lies of the western falsifiers of history how many would not be twisted, but to it all the same there comes the end. 10-21.02.2011.
We have proved fidelity Bulgarian theory of an origin of mankind. She proves to be true a natural vector of moving of people on a planet from the Volga region in all parties of Eurasia, and there from to Africa, Australia and America. All peoples and races of the world have taken place from Hindi-European, namely – from ethnic Finno-Ugric. 01-07.02.2011.
Correct DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology
Scientific article of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev on DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology is submitted to your attention. The author has created formulas with which help it is possible to define precisely time of life of the general ancestor and an epoch of formation of various languages. These formulas have received the name of Kubarev’s formula. With the help of mathematical calculations, Valeriy Kubarev has proved fidelity Barrow of Hypothesis of Maria Gimbutas and own reconstruction of a history of the world. We hope that results of research will find wide application in DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology. 04-14.01.2011.
Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia
The report of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization 25.12.2010. Valeriy Kubarev's scientific article describes genetics of Rurikovich and Sorts of Russia. Grand Prince has scientifically defined modal haplotype of Rurik, Gedimin, Russ Aydar, Kubrat, Flavius and has theoretically described modal haplotype of Alexander Great, Jesus Christ Zlatoust, Prophet Mohammed and Genghis Khan. All these well-known people ethnically Finno-Ugrian from the Sort of Russ. 25.12.2010.
What do we celebrate on November 4? Loss of the national sovereignty...
National voting or voting of national representatives is unacceptable for elections of Tsar and Grand Duke, in fact tsar from the God, and the voice of people is not a voice Divine. Elections of Grand Duke only voting of Princes – patrimonial aristocracy of Russia are possible. 08-21.11.2010.
Turn of the Earth promptly comes nearer
This is article with the analysis of abnormal geophysical and climatic activity on a planet. 09-12.09.2010.
Baltavar – a symbol of Christianity, an Islam and Judaism
Petrarca: « When people will address to the history, his greatness come to live »
History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012
Kubarev V.V.'s report, History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012.
Section «Civilization aspects of the Russian history and chronology».
Tenth International scientific conference «Civilization of knowledge: global crisis and an innovative choice of Russia», Moscow, April 24-25, 2009, RosNOU.
Whose fault is it?
Emperors Lekapenos(920–945) New!!!
Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
Dancing on bones (people losses of USSR in SWW)
We have found out the facts of direct falsification of human losses of military men and civil persons of the USSR within the Second World War in some millions person. Forgery is caused by activity of the propaganda machine of the USSR and false understanding of patriotism in modern Russia. By our calculations true irrevocable losses of the population of the USSR within the SWW make 7.6–8.7 million persons from among military men and the general losses with civil people 12.8–13.9 million persons. Have run away from Stalin paradise of USSR is hundred thousand (up to 1.3 million) the persons. We believe that the name of each victim of war should be taken into account and sounded publicly. 04–18.05.2019.
Territory of negative
The report at XXXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20-21.04.2018, Moscow, RosNoU. As result of centuries-old struggle of the West and the East there was theological incident when the advanced countries call Russia stronghold of evil, and Russia use toga of the defender of the God and Belief, accusing other world in mortal sins. In the report attempt objectively is done to understand that occurs in the historical plan to the population and civilizations on territories of Russia and what forecast it is possible to make on the future. 20-21.04.2018.
Expansion of Rome from Volga region
The report at XXXIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 24.12.2016, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the extensive information on resettlement of peoples to Europe through ports of Bosporan Kingdom and Bosporus to the Mediterranean from the Volga region, Siberia and Caucasus during existence of Ancient Rome in delta of the rivers Volga and Akhtuba since VI century B.C. up to middle of VI century is submitted. 24.12.2016.
Seleucus and tribal leaders of Rome
The report at scientific XXXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization has acted on December 26, 2015, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. In the report the hypothesis that "Macedonian" gains of IV century B.C. actually are the first wave of expansion of Ancient Rome and resettlement of peoples on South, East and West from territory of the Volga region and Caucasus is put forward and proved. 26.12.2015.
Picturesque Gospel of Church of Chora (Kariye) in Istanbul
Research of artifacts of Church of the Christ Savior in Chora (Church of Chorus, XIV century, Istanbul) has allowed restoring overlooked nuances of ancient doctrines of Byzantium Orthodoxy. The numerous facts of distortion Holy Book and Holy Legend have been found out at formation of modern Christian canons which at all are not an inviolable reality from above, and there is product of human creativity. 15.09–08.10.2014.
Images ancient Romans from Volga in artefacts
Long millennia in Idel-Rome-Memphis-Mitsraim-Itil-Saray-Batu lived from 600 000 up to one million person. Ruins of city are grandiose pantry of a history, culture and religion. Masonic scientists diligently avoid carrying out there scale excavation. In those places prospers only black selector of treasures. How long it is possible to hide to world elite of impostors true from people? 20-22.04.2010.
What to do?
The identification of the Patriarchs with historical figures New!!!
The author correctly identifies the Patriarchs of monotheistic religions with historical figures of the past based on the paradigm of a short chronology of the world and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in Chronicles and Scriptural. The identification of the Patriarchs is based on the analysis of data from the genealogical trees of Jesus Christ from Lucas, Matthew, mosaics of the Church of Chora, the genealogical tree of the Prophet Muhammad and lists of the Kings of the Great Bulgaria. 21.07–27.08.2020.
We have found out and have proved that at everyone men are two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors he has only one pair pure relatives – the forefather and the foremother. All other ancestors are the listed relatives. We also have proved that each woman has two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors it has only one pair foremothers. On the basis of research we confirm De Facto firmness of the absolute law of succession is rule Lex Salica of Pure Relationship. 05.08 – 03.09.2014.
Thus, genealogic tree of Prophet Mohammed is proved with existence of short chronology of mankind. The history of mankind is based on acts of a dynasty Russian Varyags and Kumirs into which great prophets of mankind entered: Nay (Nuh), Abraham (Ibragim), Ismail, Jacob (Jakub), Tsars Saul-David (Urgan-Kubar/Kubrat), Jesus Christ (Isa) and Prophet Mohammed. 01-02.03.2008.
To be continued...
Thoughts aloud: Religion
Thoughts aloud: Politics
Thoughts aloud: Advice
To be continued...
||Valery KUBAREV > Modernization of Russia > Astronomical dating of Biblical events
Astronomical dating of Biblical events
The article was printed in two scientific publications:
Кубарев В.В., Астрономическая датировка библейских событий, Евразийский Союз Ученых (ЕСУ) # 3(72), 6 часть, Стр. 11–21, 2020. DOI: 10.31618/ESU.2413-9335.2020.6.72.655. Link: https://euroasia-science.ru/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Euroasia__372_6_march_2020.pdf
Kubarev V.V., Astronomical dating of Biblical events, EESA #3 (55) 2020, Part. 2, pp. 24–35. Link: https://eesa-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/EESA_3_55_march_2020_part_2.pdf
Summary: The Dating of Biblical events is legendary and weakly correlated with the bright astronomical phenomena described in the Chronicles and which can be identified with modern mathematical tools. According to the author this is due to false traditional chronology, erroneous geographical reference, and deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events by theologians and historians to established stereotypes. The study of ancient Chronicles, Biblical descriptions and his own reconstruction of the history of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome and the chronology of monotheistic religions, allowed the author to uniquely link the chronological line of the past to the chain of historical events, characters and celestial occurrence. All astronomical phenomena of ancient Chronicles have found their exact identification with calculated Solar Eclipses and Zodiacs, which instrumentally confirms the correctness of the short chronology of the past and the author's reconstruction of history.
Keywords: Bible, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, short chronology, Jesus Christ, Quran, Prophet Muhammad, Solar Eclipses, Zodiacs.
Statement of problem: Accurate astronomical Dating of Biblical events is possible in the case of independent and unbiased research and identification of celestial phenomena with the descriptions of Chronicles and Scriptures. If the author's Dating of key moments of history and celestial phenomena for several thousand years coincides, it is possible to assert a priori that the author's theory is correct. Random coincidence of events and phenomena on such a time horizon is simply impossible.
The analysis of the last of research and publications: The study of Biblical events by identifying astronomical phenomena from the Scriptures with real Solar Eclipses has reached a dead end. There is no explanation for the Solar Eclipse at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The Dating of the Eclipse from the time of Joshua is approximate. It was also not possible to accurately date the Solar Eclipse of the reign of Pharaoh Takelot.
Allocation unresolved before parts of the general problem: There is no exact correlation between the celestial phenomena described in the Bible and the Chronicles of Ancient Egypt and real astronomical events. Errors in the interpretation of Solar Eclipses and Zodiacs with traditional chronology are attributed to a lack of awareness of the chronicle scribes. The author believes that there are precise solutions to identify celestial phenomena with the Scriptures and Chronicles if a short chronology is used.
The purpose of clause: The purpose of this research is to substantiate the author's concept of a short chronology and accurately identify astronomical phenomena in the form of Solar Eclipses and Zodiacs at certain points in the Biblical history and Chronicles of Ancient Egypt.
The basic material: In our research, we adhere to the paradigm of the emergence of modern human civilization in the Volga region about 5500 years ago. This hypothesis was first put forward by Marija Gimbutas in 1956 [1–4]. In the author's research in 2009, we confirmed this theory by linking it to the canvas of historical events of the past , and also clarified the chronology and localization of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome [6,7]. We also justified a short chronology of Biblical events and monotheistic religions . Our conclusions are confirmed by most of the astronomical phenomena of the ancient Chronicles.
The first historical event is the date of the end of the Trojan War. According to the study , the Dating of the war was made based on the description of the Solar Eclipse and the Zodiac. The event corresponds to the return Odysseus to Ithaca and refers to the Total Solar Eclipse of April 16, 1178/1177 BC, a duration of 04:34 minutes at 09:13 UT, 39th Saros, Figure No. 1 [10,11]. Consequently, the Trojan War ended 10 years earlier or in 1188 BC. The difference in one year 1178 and 1177 is caused by different methods of accounting for the zero years. The figure almost coincides with the date of the end of the war 1184 BC from Eratosthenes and Ctesias. We use this Dating in our reconstruction of history [5–8]. The period around 1188–1184 BC is the time of the conquest of Egypt by the Trojans led by Aeneas, who became the Pharaoh Menes (Meni), and the beginning of the history of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome, as well as the era of settlement of the children of the Biblical Noah in Eurasia.
Figure No. 1. Total Solar Eclipse over Ithaca in 1178/1177 BC.
Surprisingly, the Chronicles of Ancient Egypt and the early annals of Ancient Rome contain almost no mention of Solar Eclipses, although the Egyptians were able to calculate these phenomena for many years to come. The lack of data suggests that archaeologists and historians deliberately purged these facts from papyri and artifacts.
The Chronicles of Ancient Rome contain a number of references to Solar Eclipses, but they belong to the later period of the life of the Eternal City. One of the first such phenomena in the history of Rome is mentioned the Solar Eclipse on September 15, 339 BC when the Temple of Juno was consecrated by the historian Livy . It corresponds to an Annular Solar Eclipse on September 15, 339 BC, at 06:53 UT and a duration of 07:41minuts, 58th Saros, Figure No. 2 [10,11]. This Solar Eclipse was well observed only in the Volga region, where according to the author's reconstruction of history, Ancient Rome was located , as well as in Central Asia and China. In the Apennines this Eclipse was almost invisible, since it began at sunrise, and the moon's shadow was 1200 km to north of modern Rome.
The next significant Solar Eclipse was to fall on the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. We have already shown in our work  that there is no suitable Solar Eclipse at the time of the Crucifixion of the Savior for the entire period of the I century BC – I century, although it is described in the Gospels, Figure No. 3 [10,11]. We will return to this question later.
Figure No. 2. Annular Solar Eclipse of September 15, 339 BC, 58th Saros.
Figure No. 3. Solar Eclipses in 40–20 BC; 20–1 BC; 1–20 and 20–40.
The first mentioned Biblical celestial phenomenon should be considered the Solar Eclipse during the fighting of the Israelites under the rule of Joshua. Adherents of traditional history  calculated the date of the phenomenon as October 30, 1207/1206 B.C. Calculations of the date of the battle of the Israelites are compromised by a well-known fact – the Late Bronze Age collapse , the era of which exactly falls on the date of the alleged triumph of the Great Israel about 1206 B.C. According to our reconstruction of history and other well-known sources, the catastrophe of the Mediterranean, Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations occurred in the period 1250–1200 BC and corresponds to the last World Flood. On this basis, the Dating of the work  of the miracles of Joshua becomes insignificant.
Joshua is identified by us with Attila and his acts [5,8], which belong to the middle of the V century. The rise to power of Attila and his conquest of the world took place against the backdrop of a cascade of Solar Eclipses. It all started with an Annular Eclipse on September 29, 433 at 11:07 UT, 99th Saros [10,11]. It was clearly visible in the Black Sea, Volga, Caucasus and Caspian regions – where Attila was located at the beginning of his career. Then follows a period of conquests and battles in the regions of the Balkans, Caucasus, Italy and France – they correspond to the phenomena [10,11]:
– Annular Eclipse of March 17, 443 at 16:09 UT, 85th of Saros.
– Total Eclipse of December 23, 447 at 13:19 UT, 97th Saros.
– Total Eclipse of May 08, 449 at 03:39 UT, 74th Saros.
– Annular Eclipse of February 24, 453 at 15:42 UT, 76th Saros.
– Total Eclipse of May 28, 458 at 11:36 UT, 93th Saros.
In total, there were six Eclipses during the age of Attila, visible in Europe and the Volga region, the last occurring after his death. Three more Eclipses (two Annular Solar Eclipses on 20.09.442 and 10.07.446 and one Total on 10.08.454) of this period occurred in the regions of Central Asia, with a total of 9 Eclipses. There was also an Annular Eclipse over the Atlantic at sunset on 10.10.451, but it was not visible in Europe. It is not surprising that chroniclers and theologians associated the name of Attila – Joshua with a Prophet who could control the Sun and Moon.
The Annular Eclipse of February 24, 453 at 15:42 UT, 76th Saros we can refer to the time of the siege and capture of the Aquileia city. The configuration and external manifestations of this Solar Eclipse almost completely coincide with the Solar Eclipse at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ on March 18, 1010 at 15:33 UT, 94th Saros, Figure No. 4 and 5 [10,11].
After the settlement of the Roman-Israelites from the Volga region, known in history as the Hunnish invasion or the Migration Period, descriptions of Eclipses and Zodiacs appeared in Egyptian, Roman and Biblical Chronicles. Note that our Dating of historical and Biblical events is based on the discovered chronological shift in the Chronicles of Egypt by 1780 years . At the same time, in the Byzantine chronicle of Theophanes , we find a chronological error calculated from Solar Eclipses on average for 8 years. The results of the analysis of Dating of New Rome by Theophanes and Solar Eclipses are summarized in Table No. 1.
Figure No. 4. Solar Eclipses of the era of the conquests of Attila–Joshua.
Figure No. 5. Annular Solar Eclipse of the New Testament era on March 18, 1010.
The following astronomical reference to the author's chronology can be made from the Egyptian Zodiacs of Dendera . It is known that Ramesses II built the first stage of the Temple of the goddess Hathor, and finished it with his son Merneptah. The buildings preserved the Zodiacs with the dates of the construction of Temples. The Round and Long Zodiacs were dated by the historian N. A. Morozov to 540 and 568. The dates of construction of the first and second stages of the Temple exactly coincide with our reconstruction of the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II (500–566) and Pharaoh Merneptah (566–586). Indirect evidence of the time of the reign of the Pharaohs Ramses II and Pharaoh Merneptah are other facts. The first fact is the attack on Egypt by the "Peoples of the Sea", that is the Vikings and Varangians of Great Israel or Great Bulgaria, that is the Israelites. The second fact is the mention of the Pharaoh Ramses II Great in the chronicle of Theophanes  for 587, during the reign of the Emperor Maurice. In the annals it is said that the elderly doctor Fyodor of commander Priscus, tells a cautionary tale about the Pharaoh Sesostris, as about his contemporary. Sesostris is the Greek version of the name of the Pharaoh Ramesses II.
The Merneptah’s Stele with the mention of the people of Israel also confirms our reconstruction, since the end of the VI century corresponds to the beginning of the expansion of the peoples of Great Bulgaria into the regions of the Middle East and Egypt. The reflection of the invasion of the "Peoples of the Sea" by the Pharaoh Ramses III refers to the 8th year of his reign or, according to our reconstruction to the 614. This period falls at the height of the Byzantine–Sasanian War, when the Persians captured Palestine and invaded Egypt. To retake Palestine and Egypt were sent troops, including the Great Bulgaria or Great Israel, under the leadership of the Khagan Kubrat, aka the Emperor Heraclius [5–8].
The only Solar Eclipse recorded in extant Egyptian papyri dates from the reign of the Pharaoh Takelot. This is an excerpt from a papyrus translated by August Adolf Eisenlohr in 1890:
“When then in the year 15, in the month of Mesori, on the 25th day, under the dominion of father Horus, the magnificent, divine Prince of Thebes, the sky of the month did not swallow up... a great misfortune came to our country…”
The text means that the Solar Eclipse occurred in the 15th year of the reign of the Pharaoh Takelot when his father was still alive is the Pharaoh Osorkon. Egyptologists have argued a lot about which Takelot we are talking about – there were three of them. However, during the reign of none of them within the traditional Egyptian chronology, there was no suitable Solar Eclipse. As a result, the historian Ginzel  proposed to stop searching for Solar Eclipses and Lunar Eclipse for this event. The closest approach to solving this riddle of Pharaoh Takelot was the historian N. A. Morozov, who wrote off this event as a Lunar Eclipse on August 17, 593 .
As part of the author's reconstruction of the short chronology of Egypt , an Annular Solar Eclipse of the period of the joint reign of Pharaoh Takelot I and his father Osorkon I occurred on August 08, 891. The month of Mesori, according to the Coptic calendar, corresponds to August. Takelot began to rule in 875, and his father Osorkon died at the end of 891. The band of the Annular Eclipse passed the maximum phase in Greece, Palestine and Arabia, but was clearly visible in Egypt – August 08, 891 at 10:23 UT, 98th Saros, Figure No. 6 [10,11]. Note that for the period from 866 to 906 (40 years), the Solar Eclipse of 891 was the only one observed in Egypt.
Stella of Merneptah, the end of the VI century. People of Israel.
Figure No. 6. Annular Solar Eclipse on August 08, 891 of Pharaoh Takelot I.
Another Biblical celestial phenomenon was an unusual Solar Eclipse at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (birth 979/980 [5, 8]). We are talking about the hours of darkness that enveloped the Mediterranean in the afternoon. We have shown above that there are no suitable Solar Eclipses around the zero date of the Christian era. However, on March 18, 1010 there was an Annular Eclipse, during 4:36 minutes at 15:33 UT or 18:33 Constantinople time, 94th Saros, Figure No. 5 and 7 [10,11].
Figure No. 7. Map of Annular Solar Eclipse of March 18, 1010, 94th Saros.
Annular Solar Eclipse at sunset.
An example of a Solar Eclipse with a shadow moving almost along the latitude.
The celestial phenomenon was observed in Europe and the Mediterranean, up to Palestine. The accompanying effects of the Eclipse were unique, as the moon's shadow moved from southwest to northeast almost along the latitude in the final section. The disk of the sun was not yet obscured by the moon, but the darkness was beginning to thicken because of the penumbra. As a result, the Eclipse itself in Europe, the regions of Constantinople and Palestine occurred at the time of sunset after 18 o’clock of local time . After sunset, the moon's penumbra deepened the gloom. The Solar Eclipse on March 18, 1010 occurred three days before the vernal equinox, which is contrary to Christian Easter traditions, but the Jewish Passover is possible until March 21. The resurrection of the Savior in this case falls on the day of the equinox, so from an astronomical point of view it is an accurate marker for determining the day of the annual celebration of Christian Easter.
According to the author's reconstruction of history [5, 8], the Lord Jesus Christ died for the second time in his earthly life in July, 1054 and possibly in the May, 1054 in Shandong, China. The death of the Savior was marked by a colossal celestial phenomenon – on this day the light from the explosion of a Supernova, now observed as a Crab Nebula, reached the Earth. Note that the flash of a Nova star means its death, not its birth. Three Chinese and one Armenian Texts indicate that the Supernova appeared in May shortly after the Total Solar Eclipse of May 10, 1054.
The Solar Eclipse and Supernova flare in 1054 is good marker for dating the Chronicles of Russia and the Byzantine Empire. The Primary Chronicle describes these two rarest phenomena in 1065 . Similar information is also contained in the Novgorod Chronicle for 1065 .
It turns out that either the Dating of the Russian Chronicles of the XI century has a shift of 11 years forward, or this information was mistakenly attributed to the chroniclers in 1065. Quote :
“At the same time there was a sign in the West, a great star, with rays like blood; in the evening it rose to the sky after sunset, and so it was for seven days”
At the same time, the chronicle notes that before this celestial phenomenon there was a Solar Eclipse :
“Before that time, the sun also changed and did not become bright, but it was like a month, such a sun is said by the ignorant to be eaten”
If the Supernova explosion occurred in 1054 in July, then before the flash there was a Total Eclipse on May 10, 1054, visible in India and China, during 03:02 minutes at 07:16 UT, 103th Saros, Figure No. 8 [10,11]. It is also possible that we are talking about an Annular Eclipse on November 13, 1053, visible in the Volga region, India and China, during 07:44 minutes at 05:49 UT, 98th Saros, Figure No. 8 [10,11]. It should be understood that the New Year in the past started in September, so November 1053 and July 1054 fell on the same calendar year.
Figure No. 8. Total Solar Eclipse on 10.05.1054, 103th Saros, Annular Solar Eclipse on 13.11.1053, 98th Saros, and Annular Eclipse on 19.04.1064, 94th Saros.
Note that in 1064 there was only one Annular Solar Eclipse, well observed in Russia for a period of 33 years. It is about an Eclipse on April 19, 1064, lasting 3: 58 minutes at 12:54 UT, 94th Saros, Figure No. 8 [10,11].
Probably, information about the rare pair of celestial phenomena in 1054 was included in the Russian Chronicles from China, since the phenomenon was associated with the passing of Jesus Christ.
The final Biblical celestial phenomenon refers to the day of the death of the son of the Prophet Muhammad 28 Shawwal on the Islamic calendar. The Prophet himself died a few months after this tragedy. On the day of little Ibrahim's death, there was a Solar Eclipse. Traditional history dates it to January 27, 632 (28 Shawwal, 10 AH) based on calculations by astronomers. The 99th Saros Annular Eclipse during 1:40 minutes with a maximum over India at 06:45 UT or 12:15 o’clock local time. The width of the shadow was narrow – only 78 km and it moved along the tip of Arabia 1,100 km South of Medina at sunrise around 7:30 o’clock local time. Such a nondescript Eclipse could simply not be noticed, Figure No. 9 [10,11]. However, Muslim commentators did not mention that this was a partial Eclipse.
Figure No. 9. The Annular Solar Eclipse of January 27, 632, 99th Saros.
In accordance with the author's reconstruction of history [5, 8], the personality of the Prophet Muhammad became an integration of two historical figures – Khagan Kubrat from the VII century and Muhammad from the XII century. The lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad is 1090–1152. Surprisingly, on 28 Shawwal 546 AH is February 07, 1152, there was a powerful Annular Solar Eclipse with a phase of 0.924 at 11:15 UT, during 9:18 minutes, a shadow width of 288 km, the 107th Saros. The maximum phase of the Eclipse was clearly visible in Medina on the afternoon, Figure No. 10 and 11 [10,11].
Previously, we have shown  that the Holy Quran in the form of a full-fledged book appeared only in the 1160s. It was then that the custom of swearing on the Quran arose. For the first time in Chronicles, the oath on the Quran is recorded in 1178 in Volga Bulgaria . Ibn Qudamah wrote an entire treatise on the benefits of swearing in the Quran in the 1170s. Therefore, our reconstruction of the time of the life of the Prophet Muhammad (1090–1152) and the writing of the Quran (1130–1152) is true. In addition, Jesus Christ acted in the XI century before the appearance of Muhammad, so the Prophet could not live in the VII century.
Figure No. 10. Annular Solar Eclipse of February 07, 1152, 107th Saros.
Figure No. 11. Map of Annular Solar Eclipse of February 07, 1152, 107th Saros.
The results of our study of the Earth's civilization over a period of 2400 years from the Late Bronze Age collapse – the Flood of 1250–1200 BC to the acts of the Prophet Muhammad and the appearance of the Quran in the XII century are summarized in the Table No. 2. The Shift 1 column is the difference of events in years with the dates of the author's reconstruction, and the Shift 2 column is the difference of events in years with the dates of the traditional chronology.
In total, we studied 15 celestial phenomena, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs, and 1 Supernova flare.
On Figure No. 12 we have drawn a chronological diagram of Biblical events and monotheistic religions  with markers in the form of squares of celestial phenomena and numbers of events from 1 to 11 according to the Table No. 2.
Figure No. 12. Chronological diagram of monotheistic religions .
Conclusions of our research: The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions [5-8] is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs, and 1 Supernova flare. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010 and the date of death of Ibrahim is the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal, 546 AH). The author has compromised traditional historians ' references to 3 celestial phenomena as erroneous. The Solar Eclipse by Livy in 339 BC coincides in the author's and traditional chronology. The remaining 11 celestial phenomena are not identified in traditional history and chronology, so they are ignored by historians.
Pr. Dr. Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev, 20.02–31.03.2020.
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