|Russian Revolution's Forum|
Modernization of Russia
Holy Russia - Third Rome
The new subject of international law, the State Holy Russia - Third Rome, 21.09.2013.
Nova Church of Holy Russia
Orthodoxy and Christianity require reforming and release of heresy and obscurantism. 21.09.2011.
Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles
The author correctly synchronizes historical and religious Chronicles of the Ancient World based on a short chronology and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in the annals and Scriptures. The author believes that discrepancies in dates, geographical localities and ethnic origin of historical and religious figures are due to erroneous traditional chronology and historical geography, as well as the deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events to an established paradigm. 20.04–25.05.2020.
Astronomical dating of Biblical events
The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs and 1 Supernova. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs, including the Eclipse of Pharaoh Takelot on August 8, 891. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010, and the date of death of Ibrahim – the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal 546 AH). 20.02–31.03.2020.
Origin of the gens Rurik
After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, throne name Constantine Monomachos. 11.09–21.10.2019.
Chronology of monotheistic religions
The author identified the Patriarchs of monotheism with well-known figures of human history. He proved that the oldest religion of monotheism is Christianity, which had a theoretical character in the I Millennium (Old Testament Christianity) and a practical embodiment at the beginning of the II Millennium (New Testament Christianity). Islam and Judaism emerged only in the early VII century and became radical branches of Christianity. Based on the study of solar eclipses, the author has determined the date and place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (March 18, 1010 in Constantinople), the year of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (1152) and the period creation of the Quran (1130–1152). 01–27.08.2019.
Localization of Ancient Rome
The history of Ancient Rome is well studied, but hides a lot of inconsistencies and contradictions relating to the period of formation of the city and the expansion of the Romans into the world. We believe that the problems are caused by ignorance of the true localization of Ancient Rome in the Volga region on Akhtuba until the Fire on 64 and move city to location of Veii in Italy. The article also considers the aspects of ethnic origin of the peoples of the Latin League, Ancient Rome and Europe. The vector of expansion of Ancient Rome from the Volga region to the Europe coinciding with the migration flows of the Migration Period and the spread of PIE is substantiated. In addition the article considers the dynamics of growth and decline of the population of Ancient Rome in the localities from its inception to sunset and transformation. 23.06–16.07.2019.
Short chronology of Ancient Egypt
The history of Ancient Egypt generated in XIX century, every day finds out all greater discrepancy to modern realities both the newest archeological and tool data, including results of DNA researches of mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs. The chronology of Egypt as whole is considered well investigated and however it has been created for substantiation of an antiquity of Jewish people, instead of for scientific description of one of most ancient terrestrial civilizations. Author's reconstruction of chronology of Ancient Egypt has found out time shift at rate 1780 years in depth of centuries from true dating events. 1-16.06.2019.
Great Tartary or Slavic Empire
The next riddle of world historiography is solved. Present clause is devoted to history and modern condition of one of the most grandiose empires of terrestrial civilization – Great Tartary or Slavic Empires. 04–19.09.2017.
The European Aryans
In present clause the broad audience of the questions connected to probable Aryan origin of various European peoples is considered. Including aspects of possible an Aryan origin of Slavs and prospects of presence by these of special way to world around are considered. 25.02.2017 - 24.03.2017.
Summarizing of Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016)
Within the framework of carrying out Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016) on elections of Grand Prince of All Russia four Nominees have been put forward. The overwhelming majority of voices have been given for Nominee Grand Prince Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. Will of God and decision of participants of Assembly, Zemsky Sobor 2016 has elected lifelong Grand Prince of All Russia Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Grand Kubensky Rurikovich. 11.05.2016.
Yaroslavl’s Princes Rurikovich
In clause is described family tree of Grand Princes of Yaroslavl and their descendants, it is the senior branch of the Kin of Russ – Rurikovich, going back to Mstislav Great Monomachos. Kin of the Grand Princes of Yaroslavl have continued by Princes Grand Kubensky – Kubarev. 22.02.2016–11.03.2016.
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In clause the all truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is ignored Orthodox and Romanov’s historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ with « good intentions » opens without denominations. The kin of Russ - Rurikovich has created Orthodoxy and the Russian statehood, Russian people began to forget about it. Glory to Russ! 07-17.07.2015.
Brief chronology of religions
The report at XXX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.04.2015, Moscow, RosNoU. In the clause the final Chronological Tables of Ancient Egypt, Ancient and New Rome, Rome in Italy, Christianity, Islam and Judaism are submitted. 25.04.2015.
Canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century and the present time
The report at XXIX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20.12.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the comparative analysis of canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century (1315-1321), displayed on mosaics and frescos of Church of Chorus in Istanbul, and modern doctrines are made. Numerous differences of events of the Holy Legend and the Gospel of the past and the present are found out. 20.12.2014.
Ethnic threats to peoples of Russia
In clause political, economic, cultural and religious aspects of consequences of ethnic opposition of radical peoples of Russia and new coming Slavic population formed as result of violent Slavic expansion in Russia in days of the Mongolian yoke are considered. The historical reasons of occurrence of ethnic contradictions are investigated, estimations of modern condition of problem (Chechelevskaya and Lubotinskaya Republics in 1905, Donetsk national republic and Lugansk national republic in 2014 in territory of Ukraine) are given and offers on decrease in escalation of ethnic opposition in territory of Eurasia are made. 09.06 - 05.07.2014.
Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus
The report at XXVIII International Conference on problems of the Civilization is 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In clause it is described detailed attribution of Ugrian Tsars with Emperors of Ancient and New Rome and Patriarches of terrestrial civilization. It is scientifically proved origins of all patriarches of monotheism and Emperors Flavius and Lecapenus from kint of Ugrian Tsars of Russ (Great), is the ethnic Finn-Ugrian from Volga region. 23.03.2014 – 24.04.2014.
Putin's Eurasian impasse
Vladimir Putin and Uniform Russia realize the Eurasian project, involving Russia and Russian people during stagnation and backlogs from World Civilization. They create Gog and Magog Empire, menacing to world peace. Why the Kremlin authority has not asked Russian Slavs – they want to live in the Asian country or to be safe Europeans? 14-22.01.2014.
Projections of the God in symbols of religion
As result of studying the extensive visual material created by 3D modeling, we have proved existence of uniform source of an origin of Projections of the God, that is religious symbolic of people. The source or quantum object refers to the Chariot of the God. We believe that on the basis of our researches, it will be possible to organize training to travel on the Universe of space navigators from the most gifted people and to create spaceships with engines as the described quantum generator is Chariots of the God or the Chariot of Cube. 25–30.08.2013.
Origin and migration of Slavs
Historical and genetic routes of migrations of the Slavs, calculated with the help from ancient Byzantium, European, Chinese, Arabian, Bulgarian and Russian chronicles and annals, and also modern researches of man's DNA chromosomes. 01-21.05.2013.
Empires of cousins of Russ
The report at scientific XXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization 26-27.04.2013, Moscow, RosNoU. In article five world Empires of cousins of Russ (Great) existing in our era on open spaces of Eurasia with cyclicity of occurrence once in 300 years are described.
Hungarian Kingdom of Russ
It is continuation of research of dynastic communications of Rurikovich. Cousin of Rurik Almysh/Almos and his children Kazan/Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad, it is all ethnic Ugrian of Russ, have based at the end of IX century – beginning of X century the Hungarian kingdom of Russ, having grasped Great Moravia. 08-11.01.2013.
Reconstruction of dynastic communications of Rurikovich in IX-XI centuries
Report at anniversary scientific XXV International conference on problems of civilization at 21-22.12.2012, RosNoU, Moscow. Corrected at 03.01.2013.
Educated Christianity of Russ
Bible – the Old Testament and the New Testament has exhausted itself. Forged the Scripts and the Sacred Legend cannot serve more as a spiritual reference point for promotion of mankind forward on the river of time. It is allowable to use only spiritual – moral potential of the ancient products being product of national creativity of Jews and Catholics, instead of divine revelations. The chronology of Bible events, an ethnic accessory of patriarchs of mankind, names, geography and original languages of heroes of the Bible do not correspond to the validity. Bible miracles have the quantum nature in the basis and submit to laws of a universe. Educated Christianity of Russ restore the religious both destroyed obscurantists religious and scientific knowledge of Christianity and revolutionary role of religion in history of civilization. 26.08. – 12.10.2012.
True Empty Tomb
Nova Church of Sacred Russia and Sacred Russ, Princes of Russia congratulates mankind on presence of True Empty Tomb and restoration of the religious and historical truth. The true has triumphed forever. 20-29.05.2012.
Orthodoxy and Islam in Old Russia
The report at XXIV International scientific conference on problems of the Civilization in Russian New University on April 20-21, 2012.
Day of Church Slavonic writing. Russ Cyril and Methodius.
In this significant holiday of Day of Church Slavonic writing and remembering Equal Apostles Sacred Cyril and Methodius, Princes of Russ convincingly ask Russian Orthodox Church and the public of the orthodox countries to return to sources and correctly to name the writing, language and church books Russian, but not Slavic. Ancient Russia was the Finno-Ugric state created by Russ Christians Rurik and Igor, Cyril and Methodius, Askold and Dir, Prophetic Oleg and Sacred Olga, Sacred Vladimir and Empress Anna Macedonian.
Wars of Russ in IX-XI centuries
In article on a rich actual material it is shown, that all wars of Russ with Byzantium in 836-1043 have been connected to deduction of a throne of empire by Russian party of Constantinople headed by the Macedonian dynasty of Russ. To the author it is proved, that two centuries co-emperors of New Rome were Great Princes Rurikovich. Last Russian emperor Jaroslav Mudry known in Tsar Grad as Constantine Monomakh was. The report at scientific XXII International conference on problems of the Civilization 22-23.04.2011, Moscow, RosNoU.
Genetic distances between cousins Rurikovich
The report at scientific XXII International Conference on problems of the Civilization, on April 22-23, 2011, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. 24.04.2011.
Slavic-Mongolian invasion to Russia
Results of our research of an origin of Slavs have not simply scientific, but political value. In view of the received data it is necessary to form the weighed policy of interethnic and inter religious attitudes in Russia and the world. The modern hobby of Russian Slavs Rodoverie, the Aries origin and the contemptuous attitude to inhabitants of Central Asia, Caucasus, Mongolia, China and other regions of the world bears a system and logic mistake. Rodoverie in general it is senseless, in fact ancestors Rodoverian in Russia and Ukraine have left Central Asia and were Kirghiz, Altaian’s, Tajik’s, Pashtun’s, Uyghur’s and Juan-Juan, and completely not blond demigods. 12-18.03.2011.
Old Rome and Italic union of the Volga region
The scientific article on an extensive historical material proves that Ancient Rome has been created by Finno-Ugric tribe’s of Italic union of the Volga region (Idel, Bulgar). Italic peoples Vestini (Vesi), Marsi (Merya), Lucani (Lucane), Marrucini (Marri) and others till now live on Volga. Finno-Ugric named Latinas (Latinyanami) German peoples of the Volga region, differently Altyn-ami that means Gold literally. Fortress Alba Longo was called Altynbash, and Volga region Rome – Ulak-Urum. Southwest capital of Finno-Ugric of Idel was city Phanagoria or the Finn–Ugoria, being in antiquities capital Bosporus Empire and Great Bulgaria was. The web of lies of the western falsifiers of history how many would not be twisted, but to it all the same there comes the end. 10-21.02.2011.
We have proved fidelity Bulgarian theory of an origin of mankind. She proves to be true a natural vector of moving of people on a planet from the Volga region in all parties of Eurasia, and there from to Africa, Australia and America. All peoples and races of the world have taken place from Hindi-European, namely – from ethnic Finno-Ugric. 01-07.02.2011.
Correct DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology
Scientific article of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev on DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology is submitted to your attention. The author has created formulas with which help it is possible to define precisely time of life of the general ancestor and an epoch of formation of various languages. These formulas have received the name of Kubarev’s formula. With the help of mathematical calculations, Valeriy Kubarev has proved fidelity Barrow of Hypothesis of Maria Gimbutas and own reconstruction of a history of the world. We hope that results of research will find wide application in DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology. 04-14.01.2011.
Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia
The report of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization 25.12.2010. Valeriy Kubarev's scientific article describes genetics of Rurikovich and Sorts of Russia. Grand Prince has scientifically defined modal haplotype of Rurik, Gedimin, Russ Aydar, Kubrat, Flavius and has theoretically described modal haplotype of Alexander Great, Jesus Christ Zlatoust, Prophet Mohammed and Genghis Khan. All these well-known people ethnically Finno-Ugrian from the Sort of Russ. 25.12.2010.
What do we celebrate on November 4? Loss of the national sovereignty...
National voting or voting of national representatives is unacceptable for elections of Tsar and Grand Duke, in fact tsar from the God, and the voice of people is not a voice Divine. Elections of Grand Duke only voting of Princes – patrimonial aristocracy of Russia are possible. 08-21.11.2010.
Turn of the Earth promptly comes nearer
This is article with the analysis of abnormal geophysical and climatic activity on a planet. 09-12.09.2010.
Baltavar – a symbol of Christianity, an Islam and Judaism
Petrarca: « When people will address to the history, his greatness come to live »
History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012
Kubarev V.V.'s report, History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012.
Section «Civilization aspects of the Russian history and chronology».
Tenth International scientific conference «Civilization of knowledge: global crisis and an innovative choice of Russia», Moscow, April 24-25, 2009, RosNOU.
Whose fault is it?
The Catechon Paradigm as an instrument of the Antichrist New!!!
In the article, the author examines the current state of the catechon paradigm and the practice of using the provisions of the concept in the political and public life of the Russian Federation. According to the author, the idea of the catechon in Russia was intercepted by the forces of evil and used as a screen to cover their deeds. Today, the catechon paradigm has become an instrument of the Antichrist and his adherents to gain world domination. The only resource for Lucifer’s conquest of the world is sinful people whom he can attract under his banners. As successful as his deception and seduction will be, so strong and numerous will be the army of Satan. 05–17.12.2022.
Impairment of Orthodoxy New!!!
In the article, the author has carried out a retrospective analysis of the events and processes that led to the impairment and transformation of the canons of Orthodoxy and the patristic tradition of Russian Christianity. Prohibitions and reliance on the good intentions of opportunists within the body of the church led to a natural distortion of the teaching. As a result, the Orthodox Church became vulnerable to the pressure of Lucifer's lies and deception and ceased to be a source of life. 30.09–25.11.2022.
Features of Christianity in Cappadocia New!!!
The usual facts for Cappadocia were the proximity of male and female Monasteries and their communication. The plots and frescoes of the Churches were created no earlier than the first quarter of the XI century. The isomorphic images of St. George, Theodore Stratelates and Theodore Tiron have come down to us. According to the author, St. George became a collective image of the Saints Constantine the Great and the two Theodores. The fresco of the Serpent Church depicts Onuphrius the Great as a hermaphrodite, which the Church is trying to forget. On the face of the purposeful distortion by Christianity of the Holy Tradition, led by the Holy Spirit, and the removal from the original sources. 05–28.08.2022.
Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
Dancing on bones (people losses of USSR in SWW)
We have found out the facts of direct falsification of human losses of military men and civil persons of the USSR within the Second World War in some millions person. Forgery is caused by activity of the propaganda machine of the USSR and false understanding of patriotism in modern Russia. By our calculations true irrevocable losses of the population of the USSR within the SWW make 7.6–8.7 million persons from among military men and the general losses with civil people 12.8–13.9 million persons. Have run away from Stalin paradise of USSR is hundred thousand (up to 1.3 million) the persons. We believe that the name of each victim of war should be taken into account and sounded publicly. 04–18.05.2019.
Expansion of Rome from Volga region
The report at XXXIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 24.12.2016, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the extensive information on resettlement of peoples to Europe through ports of Bosporan Kingdom and Bosporus to the Mediterranean from the Volga region, Siberia and Caucasus during existence of Ancient Rome in delta of the rivers Volga and Akhtuba since VI century B.C. up to middle of VI century is submitted. 24.12.2016.
Seleucus and tribal leaders of Rome
The report at scientific XXXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization has acted on December 26, 2015, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. In the report the hypothesis that "Macedonian" gains of IV century B.C. actually are the first wave of expansion of Ancient Rome and resettlement of peoples on South, East and West from territory of the Volga region and Caucasus is put forward and proved. 26.12.2015.
Picturesque Gospel of Church of Chora (Kariye) in Istanbul
Research of artifacts of Church of the Christ Savior in Chora (Church of Chorus, XIV century, Istanbul) has allowed restoring overlooked nuances of ancient doctrines of Byzantium Orthodoxy. The numerous facts of distortion Holy Book and Holy Legend have been found out at formation of modern Christian canons which at all are not an inviolable reality from above, and there is product of human creativity. 15.09–08.10.2014.
Images ancient Romans from Volga in artefacts
Long millennia in Idel-Rome-Memphis-Mitsraim-Itil-Saray-Batu lived from 600 000 up to one million person. Ruins of city are grandiose pantry of a history, culture and religion. Masonic scientists diligently avoid carrying out there scale excavation. In those places prospers only black selector of treasures. How long it is possible to hide to world elite of impostors true from people? 20-22.04.2010.
What to do?
Sixth and other questions New!!!
Why doesn't the ROC want to stop the war? 14.02.2022.
Five questions to the ROC New!!!
The first question: What is the data of the Birth of Christ now?
The second question: When and where was Jesus Christ crucified?
The third question: When will the Apocalypse begin?
Fourth question: Why Tartarus and the Kingdom of The Beast located in Russia?
The fifth question: When did Vladimir Putin become the receptacle of the Beast? 24-27.01.2022.
The Prophet Muhammad and the Quran
Based on an independent analysis of artifacts, ancestral tree and astronomical phenomena related to the deeds, life and death of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as historical evidence of the first appearance and legal use of the Quran in the life of Muslims, the author drew conclusions about the integration of several historical figures of the VII and XII centuries into the personality of the Prophet Muhammad. They became Khagan Kubrat, aka Emperor Heraclius, the Arabian Prophet or Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphs and the true Prophet Muhammad, who lived in 1090–1052. The Quran was created in 1130–1152. The proposed interpretation does not undermine the canons of the faith of Islam, but establishes the truth. 11–30.11.2021.
Syncing the chronicles of Rome and Egypt
Based on a thorough analysis of details of military campaigns and astronomical phenomena from the chronicles of Ancient and New Rome, Ancient Egypt and Persian sources, the author confirmed the chronological shift in the history of Ancient Egypt by 1780 years in the past. The author also revealed the complot of historians to conceal the existence of Ancient Egypt in I millennium by masking the deeds of the Egyptian Pharaohs of the New Kingdom for the non-existent activity of the Kings of the Sasanian Empire. 06–29.03.2021.
The identification of the Patriarchs with historical figures
The author correctly identifies the Patriarchs of monotheistic religions with historical figures of the past based on the paradigm of a short chronology of the world and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in Chronicles and Scriptural. The identification of the Patriarchs is based on the analysis of data from the genealogical trees of Jesus Christ from Lucas, Matthew, mosaics of the Church of Chora, the genealogical tree of the Prophet Muhammad and lists of the Kings of the Great Bulgaria. 21.07–27.08.2020.
We have found out and have proved that at everyone men are two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors he has only one pair pure relatives – the forefather and the foremother. All other ancestors are the listed relatives. We also have proved that each woman has two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors it has only one pair foremothers. On the basis of research we confirm De Facto firmness of the absolute law of succession is rule Lex Salica of Pure Relationship. 05.08 – 03.09.2014.
To be continued...
Thoughts aloud: Religion
Thoughts aloud: Politics
Thoughts aloud: Advice
To be continued...
||Valery KUBAREV > Modernization of Russia > Origin of the gens Rurik
(In the article we use illustrations by Mr. Antoine Helbert)
Kubarev V.V., Origin of the gens Rurik, East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #10 (50), 2019 part 9. pp. 9–39.
Summary: The origin of Rurik and Russ statehood is legendary, poorly supported by reliable documents. In our opinion it is caused by absence of own chroniclers of the period of formation of Russia and involvement of governors of Russ in higher power structures of New Rome. After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, whose throne name was Constantine Monomachos. Keywords: Rurik, Russ, Constantinople, New Rome, Flavian dynasty, Macedonian dynasty, Lecapenus, Ugric peoples.
Statement of problem: Traditional Russian historiography considers Norman theory to be the main version of Rurik's origin. According to this politicized theory, the gens of Russ originated in Scandinavia and were part of the Norman tribes. The history of Russ gens before Rurik is completely absent. Modern studies of DNA descendants of Rurik, the annals of Volga Bulgaria and the works of the author refute the established stereotypes. Finding the truth is possible with a careful study of all layers of historical and religious Chronicles, now available to researchers.
The analysis of the last of research and publications: Armenian historians since the end of the XIX century are actively developing a version of the Armenian origin of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lecapinus dynasty. In addition, recent publications and politicized analysis of the facts by representatives of DNA genealogy take science into the realm of fantasy, again leaving unknown the history of Rurik's ancestors. While historians are turn a blind eye to the complete identity of the symbols and regalia of Rurikovich and the Khagan Kubrat.
Allocation unresolved before parts of the general problem: It is necessary to investigate the relationship between Rurik and his descendants with the Khagan Kubrat, the creator of Great Bulgaria, as well as his predecessors. You should examine the gens of Russ during the First Millennium, and identify its representatives with the famous Royal and Imperial dynasties.
The purpose of clause: The purpose of this study is to substantiate the author's hypothesis of the origin of the family of Rurik in the Volga region and the identification of relatives and descendants of Rurik with the Imperial dynasty Lecapenus, and the Russ gens with Roman Flavian dynasty.
The basic material: To achieve this goal, we will use the paradigm of the emergence of modern human civilization in the Volga region about 5500 years ago. For the first time this hypothesis was put forward by Marija Gimbutas in 1956 [1–4]. In the author's research in 2009–2019, we confirmed this theory, tied it to the canvas of historical events of the past , clarified the chronology and localization of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome [6, 7], as well as corrected the chronology of monotheistic religions  and carried out the primary identification of Rurik and Lecapenus/Lakapenos Emperors .
For the analysis we use materials of Chronicles of the Volga Bulgaria , genealogy of the Prophet Mohammed , the list of the Bulgarian Khans , and also our own reconstruction of history [6–9].
The family tree of the Princes of Russia goes back to Adam they are the heirs of the family of Heracliedae, Fabius and Flavius . According to our reconstruction of history, the gods of the Olympic Pantheon were ethnic Ugrians  from the area of the Yamnaya Culture (the Volga region and the southern Urals). After the Flood – Late Bronze Age collapse (1250–1200 BC), the surviving titans settled on Olympus , which is not in Greece at all, but in Bithynia (Mysian Olympus, Mount Uludag) is 35 km from the city of Prusa (Bursa).
In our era the ancestor of the family of Russ and gens Rurik was Titus Vespasian Flavius, aka Khagan Tash Bash, aka Abraham [8, 9], who spent a significant part of his life in the Middle East, Thrace and Anatolia.
We believe that the concept of the state Power in the Bulgarian Chronicles  is identified by the Bulgarians with Rome and the Roman Empire. The adoption of Islam in the X century, as the official religion of Volga Bulgaria, eventually distorted the original meaning of the State and the origin of the Bulgarians.
In historiography it was believed that the Emperors of Rome and Byzantium were representatives of ancient and respected families, but no one noticed that they were all leaders of their small peoples and Kings of certain territories and cities. Millions of people stood behind the Emperors, not just families. For example, the Flavians were Kings of the nomadic peoples of the Volga region, the North Caucasus and Siberia. Some of them settled in the Balkans, Italy, Anatolia and the Middle East. The ethnic composition of the tribes was diverse–they were representatives of the Ugric peoples (Haplogroup N1), Germans and Latins (Haplogroup R1b) and Indo–Europeans (Haplogroups I1, I2). They believed the Bulgars, the Romans and used the self–power is Idel or Itil. Therefore the elite of Ancient Rome were formed, including the estate of riders, from Kings–shepherds.
After the Flood, according to legends, the elite of the Ugric settled on Olympus. No wonder the Throne of Russia – the Prusa city is located near the habitat of the ancestors–gods of the Olympic Pantheon (Zeus, Hercules). The first Tsar of Russ and Prusa was Constantius Chlorus, aka Aga Ruzha (Rouge) in the III century [8–10]. Note that King Prusias I was called in Greek the lame Προυσίας Α' ὁ Χωλός, and the nickname of Constantius is pale – Xλωρός. If you rearrange the letter λ, you get a play of words, almost isomorphic in spelling.
Constantius met his wife in a civil marriage (concubine), the future Equal–to–the–Apostles Saint Helena, an Inn outside Prusa.
The second King of Prusa was the son of Constantius Chlorus the Equal–to–the–Apostles Saint Constantine the Great, aka Kubar–Barys [8–10].
Then the Throne of Russ passed by inheritance between the brothers and cousins of the Khagans of Bulgaria, called in Rome Flavius. The main prize is the Title Emperor of Rome remained with the senior members of the family. Finally, Throne of Russ as city Prusa became property of Mundzuk, he same Urus–Ruzha Burgas, rule in 414–434, III vol., p. 90 . Mundzuk was the youngest son of Rosomonorum Princess  and Khagan Arbat, aka Theodosius the Great, aka the Leader Moses [8–10].
Mundzuk inherited the Throne of Russ to his nephew Attila, whose father was Muenchak, the eldest son of Arbat, III vol., p. 91 . In the future it is necessary to conduct a special study and determine all the Kings of Prusa from Attila to Rurik. Attila is identified with Flavius Aetius, Theodosius II, and Joshua. He was called Flavius Aetius before the accession of the nomadic tribes of Huns in 434.
Since the first century, power in the Roman Empire, Byzantium, Great Bulgaria and Russia was transferred in a bizarre way between fathers and children, as well as brothers and nephews, sometimes grandchildren of reigning persons. In any case, genetically the heirs received the blood of the previous generation from father to son, preserving the power of the Ugric Kings. All data on the Ugric Kings, Patriarchs, Roman and Byzantine Emperors will be summarized in the Table No. 1.
After the death of Attila, his Empire fell into separate parts, ruled by his children and other relatives who seized power in certain regions.
According to the Bulgarian Chronicles, III vol., pp. 91–95 , the Khagans were Illak Aby–Dulo (453–454), Tingiz Khursa (454–469), Irnik (463–489), Audan (463–532), Masgut (489–505), Mundo (505–520), Bulyak–Bolgar (520–522), Kushtan/Constantine (527–528), Mugel (528), Avar (528–531), Princess Boyarkyz (520–535), Katrag (531–563), Bayan–Chelbir (535–590) who was a Great Poet and Musician, Askal Kelbir (563–593), Albury (593–602), Yurgan Teles (602–605) and the Great Khagan Kubrat (605–660).
After the reign of Irnik (the end of the V century), the period of Bulgarian history are corresponds to the rule of Judges from the Old Testament. The Era ended with the appearance of the first King of Great Israel Saul, aka Yurgan Teles. Then the Great Khagan Kubrat/Kurbat/Kurt appeared on the historical stage. Kubrat  created a monotheistic Religious state – Great Bulgaria or Great Israel. He is identified by us with King David, who in the frescoes and mosaics of Byzantium was called Dad (Father).
A small part of the Bulgarian Khagans became Emperors of Byzantium (the Table No. 1), but most remained Kings in the steppes and cities of Europe and Asia. Byzantine and Arabic Chronicles noted the continuous relationship between the Bulgarian rulers and the Emperors of New Rome, without specifying that they had a genetic and kinship relationship. The Chronicles of the Bulgars described them as their Khagans, and the Byzantine annals – as respected and influential Imperial nobles, by the will of fate and the conduct of a continuous struggle for power, who became Emperors. Later historians attributed their families to the "Greeks", which is a politicized fiction.
After the reign of Kubrat, aka Flavius Heraclius Augustus, which confirms our hypothesis about the origin of the gens Russ from the Flavians, the huge Empire fell into several parts, as Kubrat matured five sons with serious human, military and financial resources. From the Khagan Kubrat went Royal family of New Rome, Danube Bulgaria, Avar Khaganate, Volga Bulgaria, Caliphates in the East, Khazaria, Russia and other Powers.
One of Kubrat's adopted sons was Kubar (Kyzyl–Kubar) of the Bilig family, III vol., p. 98 . His descendants settled in the Balkans (modern Greece and Bulgaria). The family tree is Kubar, Imenyar–Bilig, Shada–Idik, Kelbir, Sain, Bir–Eget, Tarkhan (son of Byzantine mother), sons Banju (Methodius), Kushtan (Constantine) and Baksan (Cyril). Baksan and Banju became monks under the names Cyril and Methodius and created the Church Slavonic alphabet, which is more correct to call the Church–Russian alphabet. Cyril and Methodius accounted for Rurik (Lachin) native cousins, so as himself Rurik led its pedigree from Kubrat and bat Bayan.
The senior Imperial branch of the Russ – Flavian family was continued by bat Bayan/Ilat (665–690) and Sulabi (700–727) . Sulabi is identified by us with the Emperor Justinian II Rhinotmetus, who was twice in power. After the first reign, he was forced to flee to Volga Bulgaria, collect finances and with an army of Bulgarians to win back his throne in Constantinople. After ruling in New Rome, he apparently converted to Islam and became Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate in Damascus under the name Suleiman (715–717). We identify Sulabi with the Biblical King Solomon. The dates of the reigns of Justinian, Sulabi and Suleiman the mute vary in years, due to the difficulties of translating the epochs of New Rome, the Bulgarians and the Arabs into the modern system of chronology.
Sulabi had a son named Ayar /Avar (727–759), aka Emperor Leo III Isaurian Flavius, reign in 717–741. Leo Isaurian was married to the Khazar Princess Chakchak or Chekalina. In 750 she gave birth to Leo IV Khazar (775–780), who is identified by us with Tat–Utyak, son of Avar, ruling in 760–787. Tat–Utyak was married to Canbika who give birth the son Caracara. In the Byzantine Chronicles, the wife of Leo Khazar was Irene a resident of Athens. Subsequently, Empress Irene was recognized as an Equal–to–the–Apostles Saint of the Orthodox Church.
Karadjar is the son of Tat–Utyak and Canbika, rules in 787–813, III vol., p. 100 . He was married to Arya–Uslan, who gave birth to a son Urus Ugyr Aydar. The first part of the name Kara–jar is associated with the concept of "dark, blind". According to the Bulgarian chronicle Karadjar died in battle from an arrow that pierced his throat, I vol., p. 29 . The King was too lazy to fasten his helmet before the battle.
Constantine VI the Blind Flavius is the last Emperor of the Isaurian dynasty, years of life 771–805, reign in 780–797. During the life of his father Leo Khazar was crowned in 776 as co–ruler . With 780 started rules Constantine's mother Irene. From 790 Constantine began to rule alone. In 788 after a review of brides, Constantine married Maria of Amnia, who give birth two daughters. In 795 the Emperor tonsured his wife as a nun and removed her from him. In the same year he married Theodote, who gave birth to a son Leo in 796. Soon the grandmother Irene declared the baby dead.
On August 15, 797, Constantine was blinded by his own mother Irene as warning for iconoclasm. His wife Fedora was sent to the monastery, where she gave birth to a son . The deposed Emperor almost died as a result of the execution. However Constantine lived until 805 , therefore, the second son was born in 806. Thus, Constantine the Blind had two sons, whose fate remained unknown.
Urus Ugyr Aydar is son of Karadjar and Arya–Uslan, III vol., p. 100 . Literally the name of the Tsar is translated as the Great Horseman Igor. From early childhood he was sheltered from his grandmother Irene in Kiev, at a young age he was baptized, ruled in 815–855. As an adult, because of resentment towards his relatives and the elite of Constantinople, he converted to Islam in 820. He created on the basis of the lands of Kara–Bulgaria (Western Bulgar) the state of Khaganate of Russ (Russ Khaganate) with its capital in Kiev. In those days Kiev was inhabited by the Khazars (Jews), the Avars, the Ugrians and Varangians, were believers in Tengri (Tengrism).
Urus Aydar was the ancestor of the Saklan dynasty of Volga Bulgaria , the Russian Rurik dynasty, the dynasty of the Lecapenus and the Arpad dynasty  in Hungary (the Table No. 2). Identified persons are indicated in gray in the Table.
In addition, according to our reconstruction of history , Urus Ugyr Aydar also became the founder of the Quraysh dynasty. Aydar married a pechenezh Princess, who gave birth to a son Djilki (820), who converted to Islam and the name Gabdulla. The second son of the Khan was Lachin (822), an admirer of the old faith of Bulgarian – Tengrism (Vedism). During the reign of Urus Ugyr Aydar, Kara–Bulgarians or Russ Khaganate reached economic and political power. In 840 the population census of Kara–Bulgar was conducted, according to which more than 1.1 million people lived in the state, there were 173 thousand households that paid tax on one Marten (Kuna) skin per year (hence the name of Kuna money). In 855 Aydar died and according to his will was buried in the city named after his father – Karadjar, for all his life he grieved for him. Aydar's eldest son, Gabdulla Djilki (820–882), ruled in 855–882, was an Islamist, so was not mentioned in the Chronicles of Byzantium and Russia.
We identify Urus Ugyr Aydar with Leo, the eldest son of Constantine VI the Blind, who allegedly disappeared in infancy.
Basil I Macedonian Flavius is founder of the Macedonian dynasty, life 805–886, reign in 867–886. Place of birth of Basil is not known. The father is considered to be Constantine the Macedonian. Specialists in the history of Byzantium did everything to confuse the ethnicity of the Emperor. Thus the historian Bury John Bagnell  recorded it in the Armenians. However, the Arab Chronicles called Basil a Slav, although in fact he was Ugric, Haplogroup N1. Note please, that in the Russian Chronicles used the words Prince of Urman, and in the Bulgarian Urum. We believe that Armenian, Urman and Urumets in the annals simply mean a resident of Rome (Urum) or Roman.
Basil had several children, including sons Leo VI the Philosopher and Alexander I, who continued the dynasty. Hi have four daughters – Anastasia, Anna, Elena and Maria. The last three were born in the Porphyry hall of Palace in Constantinople.
Curiously, the young Basil from 813 lived in the rate of Khan Krum. Historians call this period of captivity. In fact, Krum was Basil's uncle. Only in 836 Basil allegedly managed to escape to Thrace, where he found freedom. We believe that in this he was helped by the ships of the Russ Vikings . In 866 Basil was declared co–ruler of Michael III the Drunkard, and a year later he killed his benefactor and became sole Emperor. At the time of the change of power in 867, the ships of the Princes Askold and Dir reappeared in New Rome . We are convinced that they participated in the coup. Especially since the Princes of Russ were baptized in Tsargrad with the boyars after the victory of Basil. Having lived a long and varied life, Basil died in a hunting accident in 886. Some historians believe that the Emperor was poisoned or killed by Alexander I's mother.
Lachin, Rurik is son of Khagan Urus Ugyr Aydar, years of life 822–879/882. In the Russian Chronicles, the year of the Prince's death is 879 (6387) . In the Bulgarian Chronicles, Gabdulla Djilki and Lachin / Rurik die in 882, I vol., page 44 . According to our research and the Bulgarian annals III vol., p. 98 , Rurik was baptized in 860 in Itil (the capital of the Khazar Khaganate) by his cousins Equal–to–the–Apostles Saints Cyril and Methodius with the cross name Constantine. In 862  Rurik was called to the throne in Novgorod, along with his brothers Sineus and Truvor. At that time, Rurik had an elder brother Djilki and a cousin – Oleg the Seer (Leo), the son of Basil the Macedonian, who later became Emperor Leo VI Philosopher. An alternative version of the identification of Sineus and Truvor is the Russian names of the Princes Askold and Dir. Who of them is called in the Russian Chronicles Sineus and Truvor is still unknown.
Rurik married twice. He spent the first part of his life with wife Umila , sister of the Khazar Khagan Isaac (in Russian Chronicles, Umila and Isaac were called children of Gostomysl, Prince of Novgorod). Having lived to 48 years old in a childless marriage, Rurik married a second time to Efanda, the daughter of Prince Urmansky, pp. 422–423 . Efanda was the sister of Prince Urmansky Oleg the Seer, brother–in–law of Rurik . Before his death, Rurik lived with both wives. After the second wedding of Rurik, Efanda in 870 give birth son Igor. Rurik died in Itil surrounded by Umila, Efenda and son Igor.
Constantine Macedonian Flavius is son and co–Emperor of Emperor Basil the Macedonian, years of reign 869–879. The mother of Constantine is called the first wife of Basil the Macedonian named Maria. Known is coin–gold solid, on one side of which depicts Basil I, and on other side Constantine with Eudokia Ingerina.
We identify Rurik/Lachin/Constantine as one historical person who lived in the IX century. Who of daughters of Basil (Anastasia, Anna, Elena, and Maria) married Rurik is still unknown.
Oleg the Seer, Salakhbi is Novgorod Prince since 879, Grand Prince of Kiev since 882, brother–in–law of Rurik . In Bulgarian Chronicles was called Salakhbi, II vol., p. 23, III vol., p. 98 . Year of birth is unknown. Bulgarian sources attributed Oleg/Salakhbi of support for the dissemination of the alphabet Cyril and Methodius. He killed in 882 Princes Askold and Dir in Kiev, seized the throne of the Russian Empire. He led the attack on Constantinople in 907, nailed the shield to the gates of Constantinople. He is concluded lucrative treaties with Byzantium in 907 and 911. He died in 912. In PVL  it is called Seer (Prophetic), knowing the future. In the text of the border plate found in Bulgaria and dating back to 904, Oleg was called the Emperor – Theodore Olgu Tarkan .
Leo VI Wise or Philosopher Flavius is Byzantine Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, years of life 866–912, year of reign is 886–912. Don’t have information about the war with Russ and Oleg the Seer, in the Byzantine Chronicles does not contain. Leo was married four times. In 905 from the marriage with Zoe Karbonopsina was born illegitimate heir to the throne Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. After attacks troops of Russ Prince Oleg in 907 on New Rome, son Constantine was recognized legitimate. In 908 he was crowned as co–ruler of father Leo the Philosopher's. In 912 the Emperor died of stomach pains, apparently poisoned. Before his death he transferred power to his brother Alexander I.
Alexander I Macedonian is Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, years of life 880–913, and year of reign is 912–913.
We identify the Oleg the Seer–Salakhbi–Leo VI Philosopher as one historical person who lived in the IX–X centuries. Oleg belonged to the Macedonian dynasty, was Christian and headed the Russian state after the death of Rurik, transferring power in Russia to Prince Igor Rurikovich, and in New Rome – to his son Constantine VII.
Igor Rurikovich / Ugyr Lachini is Grand Prince of Kievan Rus in 912–945, the years of life about 878–945 . He was married to Olga, according to Russian opinion  originally from Pskov (although such a city appeared only in the XII century), and according to Bulgarian Chronicles from Pliska (Bulgaria). The wedding took place in 903, but the son Svyatoslav was born only in 942, which is ridiculous. According to the Bulgarian data, II vol., pp. 28–29  in 922, Ugyr Lachini proclaimed the independence of Kievan Rus from the Bulgars. In 941 and 944 Igor attacked Constantinople . In 945 Igor attacked Corostel (Putivl) and Prince Mal, coming for the third time for the same tribute . As a result of an unsuccessful attempt to get tribute, Igor was killed. Then came for tribute Olga, which the Prince Mal suggested marriage. As a result of the attack, the city fell, and Prince Mal was captured. The story didn't end there. Accord to the Bulgarian Chronicles, I vol., pp. 86–87 , Mal was sent to serve as a Stoker in Olga's bath. For the first time Olga came to bath with her maid, the daughter of a boyar. Quote:
“Mal and the Boyars were placed in the Courtyard of Almysh and told the Emir to be a Stoker in the Uljay (Olga) bath. When Bika (Princess) entered the bathhouse with the maid, the Emir drove the girl out and took possession of Uljay like a wild stallion. After that Uljay made Mal the first Urus Bek (Prince) and kept him with his ladies near her and in the greatest honor. Then our mocking said that the Emir from the very beginning had to fight with Uljay... and not a sword...”
“Uljay, fearing that her connection with the Emir would become known and cause outrage, ordered Mal to kill the witness of her sin – a servant. Mal, however, took possession of the girl and let her go. Meanwhile, she was the daughter of one Ulciscor Biy (Boyar), who all told. Biy mutinied, demanding that Mal marry his daughter”
In the end Mal became a Russian Prince and married Olga's maid. The son of Mal, Dobrynya became Governor of Novgorod, and the daughter of Mal is Malusha married the son of Olga is Gleb and gave birth to Vladimir I.
Romanos I Lecapenus Flavius is Byzantine Emperor from 920 to 944, founder of the Lecapenus dynasty, years of life is 870–948. Traditional historians consider Roman Lecapenus an Armenian from the peasants. He was married to Theodora, who died in 922. He married daughter Helena born in 903 to Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus in 919. In 920 he became Emperor co–ruler of Constantine VII. He made co–rulers of his sons Christopher, Stephen and Constantine, and grandchildren – Roman and Constantine. He married his daughter Maria to the Bulgarian Tsar Peter I in 927. The younger son Theophylact Lecapenus, castrated by his father in childhood, became Patriarch of Constantinople (933–956). Basil Lecapenus also castrated in childhood, was appointed the first Minister of the Empire (Parakoimomenos) in 945–985. As a result of Palace intrigues, all Lecapenusus lost the Titles Emperors in 945 and were sent into exile, where they died. The plot began in 944, when the sons Stephen and Constantine rebelled against the father Emperor Romanos I Lecapenus and 16 December, 944 arrested him, and then exiled to monastery on the Princes’ Islands (20 km from New Rome), where 27 January, 945 were themselves after overthrow.
We identify Igor Rurikovich / Ugyr Lachini–Romanos I Lecapenus as one historical person who lived in the IX–X centuries, life years is 870–944. His wife Olga originally from Danube Bulgaria is daughter of Patrician Nikita. Olga had a sister married to her cousin Igor is Almush. In New Rome her name was Sophia. Igor–Roman Lecapenus had four children: daughter Elena married to Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, the eldest son Svyatoslav (Barys), the middle son Gleb (Uleb) and the youngest son Theophylact, who never visited Russia. The word Lecapenus the Bulgarian originated from the name of Rurik – Lachin. In the Chronicles the Lecapenus were called Lakapini on Bulgarian language the name of the identically – Lachini. At the same time, we understand that the Lecapenuss began to be called not only the direct descendants of Rurik, but also his relatives – the children and grandchildren of elder brother Gabdulla Djilki. Igor Rurikovich was Emperor in 920–944, then was deposed by his sons and killed by nephew Mal.
Almush/Almysh/Almosh is senior or middle son of Gabdulla Djilki, Tsar Kara (Dnieper) and Volga Bulgaria, years of reign is 895–925, before Almush rules his brother Bat Ugyr (Igor) in 882–895, III vol., pp. 167–168 . Almush's life years are 855–925 / 931. In Kiev it was the name Olma. In PVL for 898  described the passage of the Ugrians through Kiev with the further capture of the lands of Moravia. Almush's first wife gave birth to sons Gazan (Kazan/Kursan) and Arbat (Arpad). Almush's second wife was called Nushabi, who gave birth to Yalkau Michael, Mal and daughter Zuhra, I vol., p. 49 . The Bulgarian nobility frightened by the invasion of the Oghuz (Torkil), in 895 overthrew Bat–Ugyr, hostile to the Oghuz conquerors, and raised Almush to the Bulgarian throne, who promised to protect Bulgaria from the Oghuz raids. In the center of Kiev was the Great Palace of Almush (Olma yard), which even in the XII century was landmark of the city, II vol., p. 24 . In 907 Almush supported the military operation of Salakhbi (Oleg the Seer) in Constantinople, II vol., p. 25 . In 921 the Great Embassy of the Caliph of Baghdad arrived in United Bulgaria. On May 16, 922, a solemn ceremony was held to proclaim Islam as the state religion of the United Bulgaria, which provided for the appointment of only Muslims to public posts. Under Almush, the minting of the Bulgarian metal coin began. It replaced the leather money that had been in circulation since the Idelic Kingdom era. Silver coins Bulgars called Danga. From this term there was a Russian word Dengi (money), II vol., p. 28 . On coins wrote Jafar bin Gabdulla in honor of the father Almysh. The daughter of the Khan is Zuhra was wed to Tahir before birth, but he was killed, I vol, pp. 54–55 , so Zuhra was married to the future King of Bulgaria. Almush died of a wild bear attack in 925, I vol., pp. 73–74 . The rulers who reigned after the death of Almush, according to Kul Gali, were called Weak Kings.
Almos is the leader of the Hungarian tribes, the son of Ugyek. Life time is approximately 820–895. Ugyek is a legendary leader of the Hungarian tribes. According to legend, the wife Asheme saw in the dream, the mythical bird Turul, which seeded the Asheme and predicted that it will happen a lot the great Kings. Soon they had a son Almosh .
We identify the mythical leader Ugyek with the very real Djilki, a Khagan of the Bulgarians in 855–882. We find out chronological shift downwards for 30 years in the history of the Hungarian Princes and Kings. The real Khan Almos lived up to 925 or 931 instead of 895.
Christopher Lecapenus is considered the eldest son of Emperor Romanos I Lecapenusus, the reign of 921–931. Nothing is known about Christopher's early life. Before his accession, he was the head of the Palace guard. He had three brothers – Stephen Lecapenus, Constantine Lecapenus, and the Patriarch of Constantinople Theophylact, and two younger sisters. When Christopher's mother Theodore died in 922, his wife Sophia was proclaimed Augusta, along with Helena Lekapene. After his death, Sophia went into a monastery. Daughter Maria was married in 927 to the Bulgarian Tsar Peter I.
All kinship ties Emperor Christopher Lecapenus are considered unreliable . It turned out that he was married to Sophia sister of the wife of the father of Roman Lecapenus named Theodore. The father of the sisters was a Slav Nikita, a rich Patrician. At the same time, the daughter Elena of Romanos Lecapenus, was born in 903, respectively, Christopher could not be the son of Romanos, because the relationship of the sisters is established immutably. It can definitely be argued that the mother of Christopher was Theodora, who died in 922. We conclude that the names of Christopher's mother and Romanos I's wife simply coincide.
In 928 the Patrician Nikita incited Christopher to overthrow his father, for which he was expelled. Christopher died in August 931, leaving three children – daughter Maria, son Romanos and Michael, who became Caesars and Emperors co–rulers of Romanos I Lacapenus and Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus in 927–945 and 931–945 respectively.
We identify Almush–Almosh–Christopher as one historical person who lived in the IX–X centuries. Almush was older than his cousin Ugyr Lachini, aka Igor Rurikovich or Romanos. Surprisingly, Igor and Almush were married to sisters Princesses Olga and Sofia, daughters of Patrician Nikita from Bulgaria. Bulgars called Sophia the name Nosaby birth of Yalkau Michael, Mal (Romanos) and the daughter Zuhra (Maria).
Consequently, Christopher was not the son, but the elder cousin of Romanos I Lecapenus – Igor Rurikovich, respectively, was the uncle of Romanos's children – Helena, Stephen (Svyatoslav) and Constantine (Gleb). Our discovery elegantly corrects all misunderstandings of the origin and order of succession of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lacapenus dynasty. Note that the Lacapenus were the closest relatives of the Macedonian dynasty (descendants of Kubrat, Bat Bayan and Constantine VI the Blind) and a branch of the Bulgarian Kings, descended from Kubrat's son named Asparukh (younger brother of Bat Bayan).
Helena Lekapene is Augusta of New Rome, daughter of Romanos I Lecapenus, wife of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, years of live 903–961, gave birth to Romanos II the Younger (938–963) and four daughters – Theodora, Agatha, Theophano and Anna. Father of Helena was Igor Rurikovich, and mother is Princess Olga.
Svyatoslav Igorevich/Barys (form of name Kubar) is Prince of Novgorod (945–969) and Grand Prince of Kiev (945–972), years of life is 942–972. Year of birth is not exactly known. Father Igor and mother Olga married in 903, so date birth Svyatoslav as 942 looks dubious. Mentioned in PVL  for 946 is describing a hike on Drevlyan. The Regent of the Kingdom was Princess Olga (died 969), who actually ruled the state. In Joachim's chronicle p. 433 (38)  said that Svyatoslav killed his younger brother Gleb for belonging to Christianity. Svyatoslav's children are Yaropolk, Oleg and Vladimir, and the Chronicles separate Vladimir from Svyatoslav's other sons:
“Svyatoslav had three sons they also divided the region: the eldest Yaropolk get city Kiev with all the regions, Oleg the youngest get Drevlyany, and Vladimir, son of Malusha get Novgrad”
The mother of Yaropolk and Oleg is unknown. Vladimir's mother was Malusha, is Princess Olga's housekeeper. Svyatoslav fought with Bulgarians, Byzantines and Khazars in 960th defeated the Khazar Khaganate with the help of troops of the Volga Bulgarians and Byzantines (heavy cavalry, battering machines). He died in 972 on the rapids of the Dnieper at the hands of the Pechenegs.
Barys (form of name Kubar) is Russian Bek, son of Ugyr Lachini – Igor Rurikovich. For the first time Barys is mentioned by Bulgars, I vol., p. 51  in the event dated 925. A certain doctor Subash built a hospital and a pharmacy in Bastu (Kiev), where he healed the terminally ill Barys, the son of Ugyr Lachini, whom the Roman doctors tried unsuccessfully to treat.
“When Barys's mother – anatyshka Uljay [Olga] asked him why he did it, Subash replied:" My father became very rich from the sale of rum [Roman] things that he bought from Ughir [Igor], and considered himself indebted to him. So I want to help his son." “What are your terms?” asked berry. ” If I heal Barys, let him not accept Christianity, “said Father Subash. He cured Barys and gave him a new name Audan..., and he did not convert to Christianity...”
It is known that Svyatoslav–Barys remained a Tengrism until the end of his life.
On annals I vol., pp. 97–98  it’s said that Barys would not have been able to take Itil without soldiers and wall–breaking equipment of the Rumanians. After the victory over Khazaria, Barys took its share in the form of province Djir (modern Moscow, Tver, Yaroslavl and Vladimir regions). In 972, I vol., pp. 99–100  Kura Khan, Khan of the Pechenegs, waylaid Barys on the spurs of the Dnieper and beheaded him for failure to pay several measures of honey as a toll for travel through the lands of the Pechenegs. From the skull of Barys Khan made a bowl for the bal, which was used on ceremonial occasions for several hundred years .
Stephen Lecapenus is the son and co–ruler of Emperor Romanos I Lecapenus in 924–945 . Date of birth is unknown. He was declared co–ruler on December 25, 924 along with his younger brother Constantine Lecapenus. In 933 he married Anna, who gave birth to a son named Romanos. In 943 Romanos I Lecapenus made a will, according to which Constantine VII was to become the senior Emperor. Stephen and Constantine Lecapenus organized a conspiracy and on December 20, 944 took his father to the island of Proti, where he was forced to abdicate and take the veil as a monk. The wife of Constantine VII did not accept the circumstances and accused Stephen and Constantine of plotting to overthrow the legitimate Emperor. The court of the Empire decided to seize the sons of Romanos Lecapenus and send them to an island where dwelt the novel. The Lecapenus Emperors were expelled from Byzantium in 945. Stephen died in exile in the 963. John Skylitzes believes that Stephen was poisoned by the Empress Theophano .
We identify Svyatoslav–Barys–Stephen Lecapenus as one historical person who lived in the X century. He was born after 905, was the second child in the family of Igor and Olga. In his majority he was proclaimed Emperor–co–ruler of the father Romanos Lecapenus (Igor Rurikovich). Active life path began after recovery in 925. He had two sons is Yaropolk and Oleg. The firstborn (Romanos –Yaropolk) was born before the expulsion from Constantinople in 945, probably in 933. Svyatoslav died in adulthood in 972 on the spurs of the Dnieper.
Gleb Igorevich/ Uleb/ Talib are Russian Prince, youngest son of Igor Rurikovich and Olga, husband of Malusha and father of Vladimir. From the Russian Chronicles it is known that Gleb was a Christian and suffered a Martyr's death at the hands of his elder brother Svyatoslav pp. 432–433 :
“He became fierce, and the single brother of Gleb (38) not for mercy, but the different flour wearying kills. But Gleb joy in agony come and faith to Christ not stop and idol bow not want, with joy the crown of torments accept.”
Constantine Lecapenus is the youngest son and co–ruler of Emperor Romanos I Lecapenus, reign in 924–945 . Date of birth is unknown, was killed between 946 and 948 in exile while trying to escape. In 939 Constantine married Helena, and after her death on 14 January, 940 two weeks later (February 2) he married to Theophano Mamas. In marriage was born son Roman, from what mothers is unknown, although on logic he could be born only from Theophano [27, 28]. It is believed that Roman castrated in 945, so as not to claim the throne . As result, Roman made a career as a judge and became the Eparch of Constantinople .
In the description of the beginning of the reign of Mohammed (943–976), son of Yalkau Michael, grandson of Almush, there are historical characters Gali and his son Kubar, I vol., pp. 85–90 . After 944 the Bek Gali is not mentioned in the Bulgarian Chronicles.
We identify Gleb–Constantine Lecapenus–Galib–Gali as one historical person who lived in the X century. Born after 907 he was killed by his elder brother Svyatoslav for the failure of a plot against his decrepit father Igor (74 years old) in 945. He was co–ruler–Emperor in 924–945. He was married twice. The last wife was Malusha, identified by us as Empress Theophano. Malusha – Theophano is Vladimir's mother.
Mal is Bulgarian Khan and the Russian Prince, the son of Khan Almush and Nushabe. He was a Drevlians Prince who led the uprising of 945, during which Igor Rurikovich was killed. Date birth is unknown, died in 946. D. I. Prozorovsky in 1864 expressed the idea that Mal was associated with the Rurikovich, his daughter was Malusha and son Dobrynya, who became Governor in Novgorod. After the murder of Igor, Prince Mal offered Olga to marry him 6453 (945) .
The Bulgarians many times described the acts of the Mal. He is first mentioned in the events of 912, I vol., pp. 54–55 , when Mal and his sister Zuhra were captured as children. On this basis, we can say that Mal and Zuhra were born in the 900–910th. Zuhra married Tsar Peter of Bulgaria in 927 as an adult girl. For several years Mal lived in captivity in Itil, the capital of the Khazars. Khazar Khan Arslan had plans to put Mal on the throne after his death, I vol., p. 56 . Bulgarian Chronicles claim that Mal was married to one of the former wives of Igor Rurikovich, who ran away to Mal because of the machinations of Olga, I vol., pp. 85–86 . It was on her orders that Igor, captured, was torn to pieces by bent trees in 945 . Mal was then captured by Uljay (Olga) and was appointed Stoker in the Princess's bath. Family of Mal has remained in honor – son Ugyr Barys [Svyatoslav] married on Mal daughters, and son Dobrynya became the first Boyar in Novgorod, I vol., p. 88 . Records about Mal end in 946.
Romanos Lecapenus is son of Emperor Christopher Lecapenus, Caesar and formal co–ruler of Emperors Romanos I and Constantine VII in 927–945, was a pretender to the throne of the Empire. There are no details of his life. We identify Mal – Romanos Lecapenus as one historical person living in X century. He was born in the district of 907, died after 946.
Yalkau Mikail/Michael is the son of Khan Almush and Nushaby, I vol., pp. 48–49 . Earned the nickname is Yalkau for cowardice and excessive kindness. Year of birth is not known, we believe that he was born in the period 900–910. He ruled in 930–943. He died during a ritual horse race, by reason of intoxication in the 943. At full gallop his horse stumbled, the king fell and crashed to his death, I vol., pp. 81–82 . Michael's reign was marked by economic prosperity and unification of the state of Bulgarians.
After the death of Michael's father Almush in 925, his elder brother Gazan (Michael's half–brother) came to power. Gazan was the Khagan of the Bulgarians in 925–930. In the winter of 930 he was beheaded in battle, I vol., pp. 79–80 . Khan's rule was accompanied by violence and cruelty. Gazan/Kursan is also considered a Prince of the Hungarians (925–930). The power in Hungary of Khan Gazan was inherited by his brother Arpad /Arbat , the middle son of Almosh/Almush. The descendants of Arbat founded the Arpad dynasty. In the Kara–Bulgaria and Volga Bulgaria power after Gasan went on to Yalkau Michael.
Gazan had an only son Talib, who became the Vizier (Minister) of the Bulgarian State. Date of birth is unknown – during the reign of the father 925–930. We'll come back to son Talib later.
Michael Lecapenus, son of Emperor Christopher Lecapenus, Caesar and formal co–ruler of Emperors Romanos I and Constantine VII in 931–945. Was a pretender to the throne of the Empire. There are no details of his life.
We identify Yalkau Mikael/Michael – Michael Lekapene as one historical person living in X century. Michael headed the Bulgar state in 930–943, while he was Caesar and co–ruler of the Emperors in Constantinople in 931–943. Michael died before the exile Lecapenus from Constantinople, and so ended his life as Khagan and the Emperor. In recognition of the Bulgars gave Michael the Title Baltavar.
Talib/Glebe Mumin is the son of Gazan, and grandson of Almush. Ruled the United Bulgaria with 960 in as a Vizier (Minister), and in period 976–981th was sole Khan, III vol., pp. 167–168 . Talib had no family and no children. First mentioned in the chronicle in 947 as Ulugbek Nur–Suwar, son of Gazan and adopted son of Mohammed (son of the deceased Michael in 943). Khan Mohammed rules in 943–976. Talib was considered to be the best chess player, intelligent and educated. For the chess game won by Mohammed on the advice of the Talib, as well as active participation in the war with the Turkmens, the latter became the Vizier of the Kingdom in 960, I vol., p. 95 . The Talib restored the legislation of Almush, brought order and economically improved the entire state. In 964 the Vizier agreed with Barys/Svyatoslav to war with the Khazars, as a share of the Russian Princes received the lands and cities of Djir and Kotrjak (modern Central and Northern Russia). Barys with pleasure has agreed to such a partition. After the victory of the United Army over the Khazars in 969 the Talib introduced Bulgarian troops into the Khazars. Khazar Jews had to either convert to Islam or flee. After the death of Talib in 981, Timar Mumin, son of Mohammed, came to power in Union Bulgaria, I vol., p. 95 .
The years of the life and reign of Mohammed, son of Michael, coincide with the dates of the acts of Emperor John Tzimiskes, life is 925–976, reign in 969–976. However, the attribution of the Emperors Bardas Phokas and John Tzimiskes requires further research. We believe they may be the Khans of the Saklan branch, descended from Djilki, Rurik's brother.
Basil Lecapenus, also known as the eunuch Basil, was considered the illegitimate son of Emperor Romanos I Lecapenus. He ruled the Byzantine Empire as the ruler actually in 945–985. Date of birth of Basil is 925, died about 985. Soon after 945 Emperor Constantine VII appointed him the Parakoimomenos is head of the government . A condition of taking office was the castration of the applicant, that he had no right to the throne of the Empire. This case echoes the story of the castration of Romanos , son of Caesar and co–ruler Constantine Lecapenus, in the same date 945. We believe that we are talking about the castration of Basil Lecapenus / Romanos.
After the death of Emperor John Tzimiskes in 976, Basil became known as Emperor during the official reign of Basil II (976–985). During the uprising of Bardas Phokas, Minister Basil tried to support him, as a result of which Basil II Bulgar Slayer removed the Minister from power in 985 and sent him into exile, where he died.
We identify Talib Mumin–Basil Lecapenus as one person who lived in the X century. Talib–Basil was not the son of Igor – Romanos I, but was the grandson of Almysh–Christopher. During his service as Vizier–Minister of Byzantium and United Bulgaria, he acquired considerable wealth and owned large tracts of land. He was reputed to be a wise and cunning ruler.
Malusha according to Russian Chronicles is the housekeeper of Princess Olga , the daughter of Malk Lubichanin, sister of Dobrynya, Governor of Novgorod, and mother of Saint Vladimir. She is considered a concubine of Prince Svyatoslav, Vladimir's father. Historians attribute Malusha date of birth in 940–944. Date of death is unknown. It is believed that Svyatoslav (Vladimir's father) was born in 942, so he and Malusha could have a child in 960. The authors call Malusha's relationship with Svyatoslav adultery . The same author considers Malusha the daughter of Mal, who led the uprising against Igor Rurikovich. Other historians with anger reject such version of (Rybakov B., Karpov A. and others). There is assumption, that Malusha was wife of Gleb, younger brother of Svyatoslav, and has given birth to Vladimir from Gleb. In PVL  the text of the peace Treaty of 945 with Byzantium States:
“Uleb from Volodislav; Kanicar from Predslava; Shihbern Sfandr from his wife of Uleb”
Uleb is form of the name Gleb. Volodislav here is the son of Gleb – Vladimir. There is also a representative of Malusha, wife of Gleb named Shihbern Sfandr.
We believe that after the death of Gleb in 945, Malusha went to Svyatoslav as a mistress, and Vladimir was adopted by his stepfather. Surprisingly, no details about the later life of Malusha, the mother of the Equal–to–the–Apostles Saint Vladimir, have been found.
Malusha is the daughter of Khan Mal, granddaughter of Khan Almush. The chronicle says that the daughter of Mal married Barys (Svyatoslav) in 946, and the son of Mala Diu–Baryn (Dobrynya) became the first Russian Boyar (Voivode in Novgorod), I vol., pp. 87–88 .
Theophano is Byzantine Empress, wife of two Emperors Romanos II the Younger (959–963) and Nicephorus II Phocas (963–969). She was born in 941 in Greece, Laconia. Information about it after 976 there is no, date death is unknown. Leo the Deacon claimed that Theophano was “the most beautiful, seductive and refined woman of her time, equally distinguished by her beauty, abilities, ambition and depravity.” It is believed that the original girl was named Anastasia, was the daughter of Constantinople tavern keeper . Then she took possession of the heart of Romanos II the Younger and suddenly became Empress. Anastasia married Romanos I in 956 at the age of 15, and in 963 Romanos died (he was allegedly 26 years old). However, Romanos could not have been born in 938, since his parents married in 919, so Romanos had to be born in 920–921.
During the marriage, Theophano managed to give birth to three children – Basil, Constantine and Anna (future Emperors), and then stopped giving birth at all. In the same year 963, Theophano married the new Emperor Nicephorus II Phocas. After 6 years, a conspiracy against Nicephorus was formed, organized by Theophanes and her lover – John Tzimisces. The Emperor was murdered and the throne was seized by John Tzimisces. It is believed that Theophano after the coup was exiled to remote island and then to monastery. She was returned to Constantinople after the death of Tzimisces in 976. Since that time, there is no information about Theophano.
Theophano Mamas is wife of Constantine Lecapenus from February 2, 940 gave birth to son Romanos.
We identify Malusha–Theophano–Theophano Mamas as one historical person who lived in the X century. We believe that the Byzantine nickname Mamas comes from the Bulgarian name Malusha. The Princess was born around 922, died after 976. Constantine Lecapenus married a second time to Theophano Mamas [27, 28], who is the Empress Theophano, who gave birth to Basil II Bulgar Slayer, whose father was not Romanos the Younger, but Gleb Igorevich (brother of Svyatoslav), aka Constantine Lecapenus. Malusha was an extremely active and ambitious woman, so she was married to two Emperors of New Rome (Constantine–Gleb and Svyatoslav–Stephen). She may have been related to or married to Nicephorus Phocas and John Tzimisces, who may have been a branch of the Almush family. Reflections of her exploits were on the pages of the Chronicles of Russia, Bulgaria and Byzantium. Malusha went in father Khan Mal, famous for sexual promiscuity. Mal grandson and the son of Malusha is Vladimir received from relative’s gift of loving. It is known that Vladimir had dozens of wives and hundreds of concubines. Numerous adventures of Malusha, known in Byzantium as Theophano, served as the basis of falsifications and inventions of historians.
We share Theophano, the mother of Emperor Basil II – Vladimir, and Anastasia, the wife of Romanos II, who gave birth to Emperor Constantine VIII and daughter Anna (Vladimir's wife).
Malusha was the grandmother of Mary (Maria), the daughter of Vladimir and Anna, who became the Virgin according to our reconstruction of history . The ROC and Russian historians carefully hide the facts of the life of the Russian Virgin in the X–XI centuries however in the Nikon Chronicle  it is written in black and white:
“Volodimir son of Malka, housekeeper of Olga; Malka be sister of Dobrynya, – and be Dobrynya uncle of Volodimir; and be birth Volodimer in Budutine, there in anger sent her Olga, her village, and dying give his to Holy Mother of God”
Literally Budutine the village was bequeathed to the Mother of God. Modern historians say it was a gift for an unknown Church of the Virgin. In fact, the village was literally bequeathed to the living and healthy Virgin, granddaughter and complete opposite of Malusha.
Vladimir (Volodimer), baptized Basil is Prince of Novgorod in 970–988, Grand Prince of Kiev in 978–1015, years of life is about 960–1015. Date of birth is not exactly known. Historians believe that the child in 10 years old could be the Prince of Novgorod. We noted above that in the PVL  in the text of the peace Treaty (945), he is referred to as the beneficiary.
Vladimir began to reign in Kiev in 980, becoming a subject of world politics. The new Prince arranged many harems in the surrounding villages of the capital, where more than 700 mistresses and concubines lived. He had seven or more wives. After his marriage to Anna Macedonian, Vladimir became the brother of the Byzantine Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty, who were brothers–in–law to Vladimir. After the wedding, Anna gave birth to an only daughter Maria, information about the life of which is completely absent in the Chronicles. With 988 Vladimir troops have become part of Emperor Guard of Constantinople, where established Varangian corps numbers 6,000 men. Since then, the Varangians participated in all the wars of the Empire, for example, defeated the uprising of Bardas Phocas. In 1014 Russian troops participated in the war against Danube Bulgaria, defeated the enemy and captured 15,000 Bulgarians.
A Syrian historian of the XI century  wrote of Basil and the Emperor:
“... And when the matter of marriage was settled between them, the troops of the Russ also arrived and joined with the troops of the Greeks, who were with King Basil, and went all together to fight against Bardas Phokas by sea and land”
The Grand Prince minted gold coins on which his name Basil was inscribed. There is no logical explanation why Russian historians and the Church still call Prince Vladimir. It is believed that Grand Prince Basil died on July 15, 1015, buried in the Kiev Tithe Church. Relics are lost or hidden.
Bulymer was the son or stepson of Barys (Svyatoslav) and Malusha, daughter of Mal. Bulymer's busy actions began immediately after the beginning of the reign in Kiev in 981, I vol., pp. 102–104 . Have describes the military campaigns Bulymer against different opponents. In 981 a campaign against the Volga Bulgarians took place, but it ended in the defeat of Bulymer, although the official history says about the accession of the Vyatichi to Russia. In 988 Bulymer invaded Djalda [Crimea] and captured Rumsky city [Chersonesus]. As a reward, he received a lot of gold and silver, as well as Dima–Tarkhan in addition (we are talking about a woman). In 991 Bulymer's troops together with the Romans attacked the city Hin/Khin [in Khazaria]. After the death Bulimia the war began between his sons for the throne of Russia. According to the source, the last report of the war dates back to 1021, I vol., p. 108 .
Kubar (Hin/Khin Kubar) is the son of Gali (Gleb). In the description of the reign of Mohammed (943–976), son of Yalkau Michael, grandson of Almush, there are historical characters Gali and Kubar, I vol., pp. 85–90 , quote:
“In 944 Michael and Gali captured Itil and put the Uzbek Khakan, the Bek under which Kubar became. Yusuf and Mal [Caesar Roman] fled to Kara–Bulgar [Kievan Rus], but the clever Kubar decided to deal with them with the help of Ugyr Lachini [Igor Rurikovich]”
After 944 the name Gali is no longer found. But Kubar became Bek [Prince] of the Khazar capital Itil and turned in full force. In 947 Kubar got the chance to become the ruler of the Khazars. In 965 Bulgars with move attacked Itil, that forced Kubar muster all their reserves. At this time Hin fell under the blows of Barys [Svyatoslav]. In 966 Kubar surrendered Itil to Barys, his uncle, without a fight: “Barys found in Itil only the garrison Kubar, who frivolously surrendered” Kubar disappeared from the Chronicles of Khazaria in 969, as it was allegedly cut into pieces, that even traces remained. The first mention of Kubar in the fighting dates back to 964. At the same time, the Bulgarian Chronicles note that several Princes of Russ were called by the name Kubar or Hin Kubar. The first such ruler was Bulymer [Vladimir], I vol., pp. 165–166 , then the son of Yaroslav the Wise is Vladimir and then Vladimir Monomakh. Saint Vladimir (Basil) was popularly nicknamed Red Sun, which is lyrical translation of the “pagan name” Hin Kubar.
Basil II Bulgarian–Slayer is an Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, the son of Emperor Romanos II and Queen Theophano, the successor to the throne of John Tzimisces. Years of life is 958–1025, years of rule is 976–1025, in fact began to rule in 985 only after ousting from power of Minister and eunuch Basil Lecapenus.
No details about the personal life of the Emperor and his family are known. It is believed that Emperor Basil II left no descendants. Instead of family life Basil was fond of military fights. All his life he spent in battles and conquests, for victories on the Danube Bulgaria was nicknamed the Bulgar–Slayer. The basis of Basil's army was Varangian Guards sent to Constantinople by Grand Prince Vladimir–Basil. The Byzantine Varangian Guard was the corps in the amount of 6,000 people. It should be noted that every Varangian had a family, so in Constantinople after 988 housed a huge Russian Diaspora – more than 30,000 people. Traditional historians argue that Basil II led an ascetic lifestyle, caring for his army more than for the daily well–being. Because of this, he remained a bachelor. He did nothing to marry off the daughters of Constantine VIII's brother. Basil's indifference to family life caused the extinction of the Macedonian dynasty .
We identify Vladimir–Basil–Bulymer–Kubar–Basil II as one historical person who lived in the X–XI centuries. Vladimir's father was Gleb–Gali–Emperor Constantine Lecapenus, the younger brother of Svyatoslav–Barys–Emperor Stephen. Mother was Malusha or Theophano Mamas, daughter of Mal – Caesar Romanos Lecapenus and the granddaughter of Almush – Emperor Christopher Lecapenos. Vladimir's first marriage pp. 295–300  was concluded in 960, when he and his bride Anna of Macedon were about twenty years old. The wedding was organized by Princess Olga, who visited Constantinople several times in the late 950th. In marriage was born one daughter Maria Vladimirovna, who became the Virgin Mary. Date of birth is 961–962. In 960–970 Vladimir was known in the Khazars as Kubar, who participated in numerous wars with the Turkmens, Arabs and Bulgars. Bek Kubar surrendered Itil without a fight to his uncle Svyatoslav, who finished with the Khazar Khaganate. After these events Kubar appeared in Novgorod in 970 as Prince of Novgorod. The Governor of Novgorod was Vladimir's uncle named Dobrynya, brother of mother Malusha and son of Mal. In 981 Vladimir seized power in Kiev and received the Title of Grand Prince of Kiev. In the period 985–989 Vladimir was baptized under the name Basil. From 976 he was the formal Emperor–co–ruler of Byzantium together with Cousin Constantine VII, but actually ruled the Empire in those years, the Minister Basil Lecapenus. In 985 Emperor Basil expelled his relative from power and became a full Emperor. Basil has reorganized armies of Byzantium, introduced a walking corps of the Varangians (Vikings) and the Navy on the basis of boat of Vikings. Russian troops participated in military operations of the Empire in 985–1020. Vladimir–Basil died in the period 1015–1021.
Yaroslav the Wise (Yaroslav Vladimirovich), years of life 978–1054 is Prince of Rostov (987–1010), Prince of Novgorod (1010–1034) and Grand Prince of Kiev (1016–1018, 1019–1054). Yaroslav is the son of Saint Vladimir and Princess Rogneda of Polotsk, father, grandfather and uncle to many rulers of Europe of his time. In baptism he was named George. Created a set of laws is Russian Truth. The history of Yaroslav's reign is well known . In 943–946 there was a war with Byzantium, the troops were led by son Vladimir. As result of military operations, which went with varying success, peace was concluded, and the wedding of the son Vsevolod and the Byzantine Princess Anastasia/Irene, daughter or niece of Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos took place. Historian Priselkov M. D. interpreted one of the translations of the Title of Yaroslav the Wise as Emperor . On the frescoes of St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, Yaroslav was called Caesar, i.e. Emperor. Metropolitan Hilarion called Yaroslav the Wise the Khagan . No wonder the leading rulers of Europe tried to establish kinship with the family of Grand Prince Yaroslav. The daughter of Yaroslav the Wise by the name of Anastasia married King Andrew I of Hungary , who received as a gift from the father of the bride the Monomakh’s Cap is the crown of Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos.
Ar–Aslap is Russian Bek (Bey), first mentioned in the chronicle for 1021, I vol., p. 107 , died in 1054, I vol., p. 70 . The rule of Ar–Aslap corresponds to the reigns of the Khans Masgut, Ibrahim, Baluk and Azgar (period is 1004–1061). The chronicle mentions the Monomakh’s Cap, I vol., pp. 107–108 . The ruler of Volga Bulgaria Ibrahim sent to Ar–Aslap Khan's Cap is a copy of his. Only three such Caps were made by the house of master Atrak bine Musa. The third Cap Ibrahim shortly before his death sent with gifts for the construction of Mosques Sultan of Khorasan Mahmud. In Russian historiography, the Monomakh’s Cap was presented to the son of Yaroslav the Wise is Vsevolod.
Constantine IX Monomachos is Byzantine Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, ruled 1042–1055, years of life are around 1000–1055, and year of birth is not known. He ascended the throne through marriage with Zoe Porphyrogenita, daughter of Emperor Constantine VIII. The word Monomakh in the Greek language means the fighter alone. Often Monomakh historians write in Armenian, as Lecapenus and Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty. His wife Zoe died in 1050, after which Constantine ruled jointly with her sister Theodora. Some historians call the Emperor frivolous, greedy for pleasure. Offensive jokes about him written by Michael Psellos. Against the “illegal” Emperor, the Macedonians revolted twice – in 1047, Leo Tornikios rebelled who was defeated and blinded. In 1010–1051 there were two attempts of Palace coups and attempts on Constantine Monomachos. During the life of the Emperor there was Schism of the Christian Church into Catholic and Orthodox parts. In the Church of St. Sophia of Constantinople a lifetime portrait of Constantine Monomakh in the form of a mosaic is still preserved.
We identify Yaroslav the Wise – Ar–Aslap – Constantine IX Monomachos as one historical person who lived in the X–XI centuries. Yaroslav the Wise was the last representative of the dynasty of Rurikovich – Lecapenus who managed to become Emperor of New Rome. Son Vsevolod even wedding with the Byzantine Princess Anastasia/Irene did not allow to get the throne of Byzantium. By this time, the influence of the Greek party had increased in Constantinople, which had achieved the implementation of an ancient plan to remove the ethnic Ugrians of Russ from Constantinople. To win the throne of the Empire, Yaroslav the Wise had to send a Russian fleet under the command of son Vladimir (who also liked to call himself Hin Kubar) to New Rome in 1043. Byzantine chroniclers believe that the Russians suffered a humiliating defeat, but after it the Emperor was Yaroslav the Wise, who married the Empress Zoe and son Vsevolod was married to the Byzantine Princess Anastasia. Therefore, the military campaign of Russian ships cannot be considered a defeat – it was a Grand Victory of Russia.
The results of our research on the identification of the Ugric rulers with the Emperors of New Rome, we will place in the Table No. 3. In addition, the attribution data of the Ugric Tsars (Kings) and Khans with the Emperors of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lecapenus dynasty we will depict in the figure – the Family tree of the gens Rurik in the VIII–XI centuries (Figure No. 1).
Figure No. 1. Family tree of the gens Rurik in the VIII–XI centuries.
Conclusions of our research: We analyzed the dates of life and biography of several hundred historical figures that lived in the first Millennium and built the world civilization of Ancient Rome and New Rome, as well as the Kingdom of Hungary, Bulgaria, Volga Bulgaria and Russia. Part of the Emperors of Ancient Rome was ethnic Ugrians from the Volga region (Haplogroup N1), are Kings of nomadic and sedentary peoples of the Volga region, the North Caucasus, the Black Sea area and the Balkans. We have proved that the Rurikovich are a branch of the Roman Flavian Emperors, descendants of the Emperors Titus Vespasian Flavius, Constantine the Great, Heraclius I and Constantine VI the Blind, as well as members of the Macedonian dynasty. In the X century the descendants of Rurik–Lachin and the elder branch of the gens Russ, coming from Rurik's older brother named Gabdulla Djilki, in Constantinople were called Lecapenus, a related branch of the Macedonian dynasty. The version about the Armenian origin of these dynasties is a late falsification.
Pr. Dr. Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. 11.09–21.10.2019.
1. Gimbutas, M. (1964) Bronze Age Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe. Mouton.
2. Gimbutas, M. (1977) The first wave of Eurasian steppe pastoralists into Copper Age Europe. J. of Indo–European Studies, vol. 5.
3. Gimbutas, M. (1974) The God and Goddesses of Old Europe. 7000–3500 B. C.
4. Gimbutas, M. (1980) The Kurgan wave № 2 (c. 3400–3200 B. C.) into Europe and the following transformation of culture. J. of Indo–European Studies, vol. 8.
5. Kubarev V.V., Vedas of Russ, IP MEDIA, M., 2009. ISBN 9781-93252567-0. Link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/251.htm
6. Kubarev V.V., Short Chronology of Ancient Egypt, EESA, #6 (46) 2019, Part. 4, pp. 30–58.
7. Kubarev V.V., Localization of Ancient Rome, EESA, #7 (47) 2019, Part. 4, pp. 28–59.
8. Kubarev V.V., Chronology of monotheistic religion, EESA, #8 (48) 2019, Part. 6, pp. 31–67.
9. Kubarev V.V., Kubarev V.V., Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenos, The report at XXVIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU, link: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/402.htm
10. Бахши Иман, Джагфар Тарыхи (Летописи Джагфара) Гази–Барадж Тарыхи (Летопись Гази–Бараджа), I – III том. Бахши Иман. Джагфар Тарихы. Свод булгарских летописей 1680 г. / Изд. подготовлено Ф. Г.-Х. Нурутдиновым. Оренбург: Редакция Вестника Болгария, 1993.
11. Ibn Hisham. Ибн Хишам «Рассказанное со слов аль-Баккаи, со слов Ибн Исхака аль-Мутталиба» (утверждается, что это первая половина VIII века). Перевод с арабского языка Я. А. Гайнуллина 2002, Издательский дом «УММА», 2003.
12. А. Н. Попов, «Обзор хронографов русской редакции», Москва, 1866 год. Именник Болгарских Ханов.
13. Jordanes. Mierow, Charles C., ed. (1908), The Origin and Deeds of the Goths, Princeton University, translation.
14. Хронография Феофана, 6268/768 (776).
15. Псевдо Симеон. Constantine VI (780–797 A.D.) and Irene (797–802 A.D.), прим. 61.
16. Culter & Hollingsworth (1991), pp. 501–502. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Article Constantine VI.
17. Кубарев В.В., Венгерское королевство Руси. Статья, 2013. Ссылка: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/382.htm
18. Bury John Bagnell, A history of the Eastern Roman Empire, 802-867, MacMillan, London, p. 165, 1912.
19. Кубарев В.В., Войны Руси в IX–XI веках, Доклад на научной XXII Международной конференции по проблемам Цивилизации 22–23.04.2011, Москва, РосНоУ. Ссылка: http://www.kubarev.ru/en/content/346.htm .
20. The Primary Chronicle. Tale of Bygone Years / Повесть временных лет.
21. Joachim Chronicle/Иоакимовская летопись.
22. Успенский Ф.И., Пограничный столб между Византией и Болгарией при Симеоне, Известия Русского Археологического Института в Константинополе, 1898, III, стр. 184 – 194.
23. Gesta Hungarorum, XII век. (Хроники угров).
24. Jean-Francois Vannier, Families Byzantines, 1975.
25. Азимов А., Константинополь. От легендарного Виза до династии Палеологов. М., ЗАО «Центрполиграф», 2007.
26. Garland, Lynda (1999), p. 129. Byzantine Empresses: Women and Power in Byzantium, AD 527–1204, N.Y.
27. Runciman Steven. The Emperor Romanus Lecapenus and His Reign: A Study of Tenth-Century Byzantium. — Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1988, p. 234.
28. Cawley, Charles (14 February 2011). Medieval Lands Project: Byzantium 395–1057.
29. John Julius Norwich, Byzantine: The Apogee. New York, Alfred P. Knopf, 1992, p. 167.
30. Прозоровский Д.О., О родстве св. Владимира по матери. Записки Императорской Академии Наук, СПб, 1864, т. V, книга I, с.19.
31. Davids, Adelbert (2002). The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium. Cambridge University Press. p. 325.
32. Руская летопись по Никонову списку. Изданная под смотрением имп. Академии наук. СПб, 1767—1792.
33. Яхъя Антиохийский, Летопись, ч. 4.
34. Карпов А. Ю. Ярослав Мудрый. 3-е изд. М.: Молодая гвардия, 2010.
35. Присёлков М. Д., История русского летописания XI—XV вв., СПб, 1996.
36. Слово о Законе и Благодати митрополита Илариона. ИРЛИ РАН. Библиотека литературы Древней Руси.
37. Даркевич В. П. Светское искусство Византии. М.: Искусство, 1975. С. 177.
38. Дашков С.Б., «Императоры Византии», Москва, Издательский дом «Красная площадь», 1997.
39. «Патерик Печерский або Отечник», 1902, переиз. 2002, Типография Киево-Печерской Лавры, Киев. «Сказание о Святой Чудотворной церкви Печерской каменной Успения Пресвятой Богородицы», стр. 118–137.
Full text of the article in Word format: